首页 > 论文 > 中国光学 > 7卷 > 4期(pp:519-531)

光纤光栅传感信号解调技术研究进展

Research progress in signal demodulation technology of fiber Bragg grating sensors

  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

摘要

光纤光栅传感器是一种新型传感器,有着非常广泛的应用前景。限制光纤光栅传感器大量实际应用的主要障碍是传感信号解调,因而,光纤光栅传感信号解调是光纤光栅传感器应用的关键技术之一。本文对现有已报道的光纤光栅传感信号的解调方法进行综述,并归类为: 边缘滤波法、匹配滤波法、可调谐滤波法、光源波长可调谐扫描法、射频探测法、光栅啁啾法、CCD分光仪法、干涉法。对各种方法的原理及相关改进方法进行了阐述,并对其优缺点做了比较分析,最后,对光纤光栅传感信号的解调技术发展进行了展望。

Abstract

Fiber Bragg grating sensor is a new kind of sensor, which has a very broad application prospect. The main obstacle to limit its wide application is signal demodulation. So the sensing signal demodulation for fiber Bragg grating is one of the key technologies for fiber Bragg grating sensor applications. The reported signal demodulation methods of fiber Bragg grating sensor are reviewed and classified into edge filter demodulation method, matched filter method, tunable filter method, tunable narrowband laser interrogation method, radio frequency signal measurement method, chirped FBG method, CCD measurement method, and interference method. The principle of various methods and some improved methods are elaborated, and their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. Finally the demodulation technology for the development of fiber Bragg grating sensing signal is discussed.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
补充资料

中图分类号:TN253

DOI:10.3788/co.20140704.0519

所属栏目:综述

基金项目:总装“十二五”预研资助项目(No.51327030202)

收稿日期:2014-03-21

修改稿日期:2014-05-16

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

吴晶:海军工程大学 兵器工程系,湖北 武汉 430033武汉工程大学 光电子系统技术研究所,湖北 武汉430205海军工程大学 管理工程系,湖北 武汉 430033
吴晗平:海军工程大学 兵器工程系,湖北 武汉 430033武汉工程大学 光电子系统技术研究所,湖北 武汉430205
黄俊斌:海军工程大学 兵器工程系,湖北 武汉 430033
顾宏灿:海军工程大学 兵器工程系,湖北 武汉 430033

联系人作者:吴晶(wj82116@126.com)

备注:吴晶(1982—),男,湖北武汉人,博士研究生,讲师,2004年、2007年于大连舰艇学院分别获得学士、硕士学位,主要从事光纤光栅传感技术和结构健康监测方面的研究。

【1】姜德生,何伟.光纤光栅传感器概况[J].光电子激光,2002,4(13): 420-430.
JIANG D SH,HE W. Review of applications for fiber Bragg grating sensors[J]. J. Optoelectronics·Laser,2002,4(13): 420-430.(in Chinese)

【2】林钧岫,王文华,王小旭.光纤光栅传感技术应用研究及其进展[J].大连理工大学学报,2004,44(6): 931-936.
LIN J X,WANG W H,WANG X X. Study of application and evolution of fiber grating sensors technique[J]. J. Dalian University Technology,2004,44(6): 931-936.(in Chinese)

【3】李燕,徐迈,王庆亚,等.紫外写入光纤光栅应变传感特性研究[J].发光学报,2000,21(1): 61-63.
LI Y,XU M,WANG Q Y,et al.. Strain sensing properties of UV-written fiber grating[J]. Chinese J. Luminescence,2000,21(1): 61-63.(in Chinese)

【4】MELLE S M,LIU K,MEASURE R M. A Passive wavelength demodulation system for guided-wave Bragg grating sensors[J]. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters,1992,4: 516-518.

【5】DAVIS M A,KERSEY A D. All-fibre Bragg grating strain-sensor demodulation technique using a wavelength division coupler[J]. Electronics,1994,30: 75-77.

【6】田珂珂,肖浩,曹春耕,等.利用WDM光纤耦合器的光纤光栅传感解调技术[J].光电工程,2005,32(2): 49-51.
TIAN K K,XIAO H,CAO CH G,et al.. Demodulation of fiber Bragg Grating sensing system based on WDM fiber coupler[J]. Opto-Electronic Engineering,2005,32(2): 49-51.(in Chinese)

【7】黄景堂,黄旭光,赵华伟.阵列波导光栅解调的准分布式光纤光栅传感器[J].光学学报,2008,28(11): 2067-2070.
HUANG J T,HUANG X G,ZHAO H W. Quasi-distributed fiber Bragg grating sensor using the interrogation of arrayed waveguide grating[J]. Acta Optica Sinica,2008,28(11): 2067-2070.(in Chinese)

【8】钱翠萍,彭保进,万旭,等.基于阵列波导光栅温度特性的分布式光纤布喇格光栅解调法[J].光子学报,2012,41(7): 836-840.
QIAN C P,PENG B J,WAN X,et al.. A new demodulated system of distributed FBG based on temperature characteristics of AWG[J]. Acta Photonica Sinica,2012,41(7): 836-840.(in Chinese)

【9】YASUKAZU SANO,TOSHIHIKO. Fast optical wavelength interrogator employing arrayed waveguide grating for distributed fiber Bragg grating sensors[J]. J. Lightwave Technology,2003,21(1): 132-139.

【10】刘波,童峥嵘,陈少华,等.一种长周期光纤光栅边沿滤波线性解调新方法[J].光学学报,2004,24(2): 199-202.
LIU B,TONG ZH R,CHEN SH H,et al.. A novel method of edge filter linear demodulation using long-period grating in fiber sensor system[J]. Acta Optica Sinica,2004,24(2): 199-202.(in Chinese)

【11】沈文杰,赵美蓉,宋乐.基于长周期光栅滤波的光栅解调系统[J].激光与红外,2012,42(1): 72-75.
SHEN W J,ZHAO M R,SONG L. Filter demodulation of fiber Bragg grating based on long period grating[J]. Laser Infrared,2012,42(1): 72-75.(in Chinese)

【12】ZHU D D,LI ZH Q,SUN_F,et al.. Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement system with fiber Bragg grating[J]. SPIE,2007,6279: 627968.

【13】姜明顺,孟玲,隋青美,等.一种新颖的双边缘滤波光纤布拉格光栅解调技术[J].光电子激光,2011,22(3): 355-358.
JIANG M SH,MENG L,SUI Q M,et al.. A novel double edged filter wavelength interrogation technology for FBG[J]. J. Optoelectronics·Laser,2011,22(3): 355-358.(in Chinese)

【14】邹红波,梁大开,曾捷,等.基于级联长周期光纤光栅的光纤布拉格光栅解调系统[J].南京航空航天大学学报,2011,43(6): 723-727.
ZOU H B,LIANG D K,ZENG J,et al.. FBG demodulation system based on cascaded long-period fiber grating[J]. J. Nanjing University Aeronautics Astronautics,2011,43(6): 723-727.(in Chinese)

【15】梁有程,江绍基,余志强,等.基于非对称F-P滤波器的光纤光栅解调技术[J].激光与红外工程,2007,36(6): 906-909.
LIANG Y CH,JIANG SH J,YU ZH Q,et al.. Fiber Bragg grating sensor demodulation technique based on asymmetric F-P filter[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering,2007,36(6): 906-909.(in Chinese)

【16】乔学光,丁锋,贾振安,等.一种基于ASE光源的边缘滤波解调技术的研究[J].光电子激光,2009,20(9): 1170-1173.
QIAO X G,DING F,JIA ZH A,et al.. Research on a demodulation technology based on edge of linear filters of ASE light source[J]. J. Optoelectronics·Laser,2009,20(9): 1170-1173.(in Chinese)

【17】乔学光,丁锋,贾振安,等.基于光源滤波的高精度光纤光栅地震检波解调系统[J].光学学报,2010,30(8): 2219-2223.
QIAO X G,DING F,JIA ZH A,et al.. High precision optical filter Bragg grating demodulation system based on the source filtering for seismic detection[J]. Acta Optica Sinica,2010,30(8): 2219-2223.(in Chinese)

【18】陆青,詹亚歌,向世清.光纤光栅应力传感器信号检测中双值问题的研究[J].中国激光,2004,31(8): 988-992
LU Q,ZHAN Y G,XING SH Q. Two-values question in signal detecting of strain sensor based on fiber Bragg gratings[J]. Chinese J. Lasers,2004,31(8): 988-992.(in Chinese)

【19】詹亚歌,陆青,向世清,等.优化光纤光栅传感器匹配光栅解调方法的研究[J].光子学报,2004,33(6): 711-715.
ZHAN Y G,LU Q,XIANG SH Q,et al.. Study on the optimization of matched grating interrogation technique of fiber grating sensor[J]. Acta Photonica Sinica,2004,33(6): 711-715.(in Chinese)

【20】贾振安,郑德琳,刘颖刚,等.一种快速光纤光栅匹配解调系统的研究[J].光通信技术,2012,6: 1-3.
JIA ZH A,ZHENG D L,LIU Y G,et al.. Study of fast fiber grating matching demodulation system[J]. Technology Optical Communication,2012,6: 1-3.(in Chinese)

【21】王军.光纤F-P及FBG传感器通用解调系统研究与设计[D].重庆: 重庆大学,2006.
WANG J. Study and design of general demodulation system for fiber F-P sensor and FBG sensor[D]. Chongqing: Chongqing University,2006.(in Chinese)

【22】陈亮,黄俊斌,顾宏灿,等.一种实时校准的光纤Bragg光栅传感器解调系统[J].传感器与微系统,2009,28(7): 89-91.
CHEN L,HUANG J B,GU H C,et al.. Real-time calibrating demodulation system of fiber Bragg grating sensor[J]. Transducer and Micro System Technologies,2009,28(7): 89-91.(in Chinese)

【23】刘琨,刘铁根,江俊峰,等.基于FBG传感系统的可调光滤波器非线性研究[J].光电子激光,2010,21(7): 970-973.
LIU K,LIU T G,JIANG J F,et al. Nonlinearity investigation of tunable optical based on FBG sensing system[J]. J. Optoelectronics Laser,2010,21(7): 970-973.(in Chinese)

【24】XU M G,GEIGER H,ARCHAMBAULT J L,et al.. Novel interrogating system for fiber Bragg grating sensors using an acousto-optic tunable filter[J]. Electronics Letters,1993,29: 1510-1511.

【25】COROY T,MEASURES R M. Active wavelength demodulation of a Bragg grating fiber optic strain sensor using a quantum well electro absorption filtering detector[J]. Electronics Letters,1996,32(19): 1811-1812.

【26】BALL G A,MOREY W W,CHEO P K. Fiber laser source/analyzer for Bragg grating sensor array interrogation[J]. IEEE J. Lightwave Technology,1994,12: 700-703.

【27】张治国,张民,王立芊.一种基于反射式SOA的FBG传感解调方法[J].光电子激光,2011,22(9): 1286-1289.
ZHANG ZH G,ZHANG M,WANG L Q. A FBG wavelength demodulation method based on reflective SOA[J]. J. Optoelectronics Laser,2011,22(9): 1286-1289.(in Chinese)

【28】KERSEY A D,MOREY W W. Multiplexed Bragg grating fibre-laser strain-sensor system mode-locked interrogation[J]. Electronics Letters,1993,29(1): 112-114.

【29】YUN S H,RICHARDSON D J,KIM B Y. Interrogation of fiber grating sensor arrays with a wavelength-swept fiber laser[J]. Optics Letters,1998,23(11): 843-845.

【30】DONG X Y,SHAO L Y,FU H Y,et al.. Intensity-modulated fiber Bragg grating sensor system based on radio-frequency signal measurement[J]. Opt. Lett.,2008,33(5): 482-484.

【31】DONG X Y,YANG X F,ZHAO C L,et al.. A novel temperature-insensitive fiber Bragg grating sensor for displacement measurement[J]. Smart Mater. Struct.,2005,14(2): N7-N10.

【32】刘波,童峥嵘,曾剑,等.一种利用啁啾光栅反射滤波的光纤光栅传感解调方法[J].光子学报,2004,33(1): 57-60.
LIU B,TONG ZH R,ZENG J,et al.. A demodulation method based on chirp grating reflective filter in fiber Bragg grating sensing system[J]. Acta Photonica Sinica,2004,33(1): 57-60.(in Chinese)

【33】李志全,曹平,任晓丽,等.啁啾光栅解调的准分布式光纤Bragg光栅传感器[J].光电子激光,2011,22(4): 491-494.
LI ZH Q,CAO P,REN X L,et al.. Quasi-distributed fiber Bragg grating sensor using the demodulation of chirped grating[J]. J. Optoelectronics·Laser,2011,22(4): 491-494.(in Chinese)

【34】CHEN S,HU Y,ZHANG L,et al.. Digital spatial and wavelength domain multiplexing of fiber Bragg grating based sensors[J]. Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Sensors Conference(OSF-12),Williamsburg,VA USA,1997: 448-451.

【35】姚远,易本顺,肖进胜.光纤光栅传感器的波长解调技术研究进展[J].光通信技术,2007,11: 41-45.
YAO Y,YI B SH,XIAO J SH. Research progress in wavelength demodulation technology of fiber Bragg grating sensors[J]. Technology Optical Communication,2007,11: 41-45.(in Chinese)

【36】崔剑,懂小鹏,吴兆喜,等.基于FBG实际反射谱匹配的FBG峰值波长偏移量的高精度确定方法[J].中国激光,2011,38(7): 0705001(1-5).
CUI J,DONG X P,WU ZH X,et al.. A high_precision method for determining the FBG peak wavelength shift based on FBG actual reflection spectrum match[J]. Chinese J. Lasers,2011,38(7): 0705001(1-5).(in Chinese)

【37】KERSEY A D,BERKOFF T A,MORIE W. High resolution fiber-grating based strain sensor with interferometric wavelength-shift detection[J]. Electron Lett.,1992,28(3): 236-238.

【38】张锦龙,余重秀,王葵如,等.基于XPM的锁相光纤光栅传感器解调系统[J].光电子激光,2008,19(6): 743-745.
ZHANG J L,YU CH X,WANG K R,et al.. Demodulation system for phase-locked fiber grating sensor based on XPM[J]. J. Optoelectronics·Laser,2008,19(6): 743-745.(in Chinese)

【39】余有龙,谭华耀,钟永康.基于干涉解调技术的光纤光栅传感系统[J].光学学报,2001,21(8): 987-989.
YU Y L,TAM H Y,ZHONG Y K. A fiber Bragg grating sensor system with interferometer demodulation technique[J]. Acta Optica Sinica,2001,21(8): 987-989. (in Chinese)

【40】SEUNG HWAN CHUNG,JUNGHO KIM,BONG AHN YU,et al.. A fiber Bragg grating sensor demodulation technique using a polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror[J]. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters,2001(13): 1343~1345.

【41】张锦龙,王葵如,余重秀,等.基于保偏光纤的高精度光纤光栅传感解调方案[J].中国激光,2009,36(3): 727-731.
ZHANG J L,WANG K R,YU CH X,et al.. A high precision demodulation scheme for fiber grating sensors based on polarization-maintaining fiber[J]. Chinese J. Lasers,2009,36(3): 727-731.(in Chinese)

【42】ZHAO D H,SHU X W,et al.. Fiber bragg grating sensor interrogation using chirped fiber grating based sagnac loop[J]. IEEE Sensors J.,2003,3(6): 734-738.

【43】王葵如,张锦龙,余重秀,等.利用光纤偏振分束器和保偏光纤的传感解调系统[J].光学精密工程,2010,18(9): 1923-1928.
WANG K R,ZHANG J L,YU CH X,et al.. Sensor demodulation system using PBS and PMF[J]. Opt. Precision Eng.,2010,18(9): 1923-1928.(in Chinese)

引用该论文

WU Jing,WU Han-ping,HUANG Jun-bin,GU Hong-can. Research progress in signal demodulation technology of fiber Bragg grating sensors[J]. Chinese Optics, 2014, 7(4): 519-531

吴晶,吴晗平,黄俊斌,顾宏灿. 光纤光栅传感信号解调技术研究进展[J]. 中国光学, 2014, 7(4): 519-531

被引情况

【1】孙茜,封皓,曾周末. 基于图像处理的光纤预警系统模式识别. 光学 精密工程, 2015, 23(2): 334-341

【2】毛小洁. 高功率皮秒紫外激光器新进展. 中国光学, 2015, 8(2): 182-190

【3】高雪清,祁耀斌,童杏林,黄军林,赵明. 基于DFB激光器的光纤光栅温度检测. 光学与光电技术, 2015, 13(3): 23-28

【4】徐宁,戴明. 分布式光纤温度压力传感器设计. 中国光学, 2015, 8(4): 629-635

【5】张燕君,王光宇,付兴虎. 长周期光纤光栅-布拉格光纤光栅多波长解调. 光电工程, 2016, 43(8): 13-17

【6】张志佳,尹秀萍,苑玮琦,周自强,钟玲. 碗形塞加工误差双目视觉在线检测方法. 红外与激光工程, 2016, 45(12): 1217002--1

【7】高潮,刘邦,郭永彩,朱正伟. 5 MN光纤布拉格光栅力值传感器. 光学 精密工程, 2017, 25(4): 857-866

【8】孙宝臣,侯跃敏,李峰,李剑芝. 光纤光栅与受激布里渊信号的耦合特性. 中国光学, 2017, 10(4): 484-490

【9】秦逸轩,倪 屹,姚辉轩. 基于REC技术的激光器阵列传感系统设计. 红外与激光工程, 2017, 46(10): 1005002--1

【10】刘 睿,葛海波,何其睿,唐园园. 基于F-P腔的双边缘滤波解调系统研究. 光通信研究, 2018, 44(2): 51-54

【11】余 涛,郭 瑜,倪 屹. 基片式多纵模拍频光纤激光位移传感器. 红外与激光工程, 2019, 48(3): 322001--1

【12】周慧栋,王东,王宇,李宁,张建国,靳宝全. 扫描激光器型光纤光栅解调仪设计. 光学技术, 2019, 45(2): 153-158

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF