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异种金属激光焊接关键问题研究

Research on Key Issues of Laser Welding of Dissimilar Metal

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摘要

现代工程结构要求对异种金属材料进行焊接。激光焊接具有密度高、焊缝深宽比大、热影响区窄以及变形小等特点,成为异种金属材料焊接的有效方法。异种金属激光焊接过程包含多种效应,机制复杂。比如,材料性能差异对焊缝微观组织与宏观性能的影响; 焊接熔池的形成、演化机制; 熔池凝固过程焊接缺陷及残余应力形成等。围绕异种金属激光焊接过程中的关键问题,国内外开展了诸多研究工作,对此进行了全面阐述。在此基础上,指出异种金属材料激光焊接研究中的不足及发展方向。

Abstract

Advanced engineering structures require dissimilar metal jointing. Laser welding has such merits as high energy density, high depth-to-width ratio, narrow heat-affected zone and limited shape-deformation. Therefore, it becomes one of the effective approaches for jointing dissimilar metal combination. The procedure of laser welding for dissimilar metal is very complex.There are some key issues about laser welding mechanism, for instance, thermal-physical material properties, melt pool dynamics, melt-condensation mechanism, formation of welding defects and residual stress. The progress and present research of experimental and numerical simulation about these issues are discussed. On this basis, some problems of laser welding of dissimilar metal materials are put forward.

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中图分类号:TG456.7

所属栏目:综述

基金项目:中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KGCX1-11)资助项目。

收稿日期:2008-09-23

修改稿日期:2008-10-10

网络出版日期:0001-01-01

作者单位    点击查看

虞钢:中国科学院力学研究所, 北京 100190
赵树森:中国科学院力学研究所, 北京 100190
张永杰:中国科学院力学研究所, 北京 100190
何秀丽:中国科学院力学研究所, 北京 100190
庞铭:中国科学院力学研究所, 北京 100190

联系人作者:虞钢(gyu@imech.ac.cn)

备注:虞钢(1958-),男,浙江人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事激光与材料相互作用和激光制造工艺力学方面的研究。

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引用该论文

Yu Gang,Zhao Shusen,Zhang Yongjie,He Xiuli,Pang Ming. Research on Key Issues of Laser Welding of Dissimilar Metal[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2009, 36(2): 261-268

虞钢,赵树森,张永杰,何秀丽,庞铭. 异种金属激光焊接关键问题研究[J]. 中国激光, 2009, 36(2): 261-268

被引情况

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