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周视大像旋稳海天线向量角补偿算法

Vector angle compensating algorithm for panoramic rotating image

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摘要

为使两轴周视光电探测系统在三自由度扰动和大像旋条件下搜索并跟踪水面目标,在虚拟天际线焦平面像五自由度解析表达式基础上,推导出焦平面坐标系铅直轴的方向向量和该坐标系下海天出射平面法向量夹角的余弦表达式。该式求反余弦后减π/2,得到焦平面铅直坐标轴的方向向量和海天出射平面法向量小于π/2的夹角,该夹角的0.5倍作为俯仰反射镜的净作动量,目的是克服非线性像旋使包含目标信息的虚拟海天线的像线通过焦平面中心。该算法与方位补偿算法联动能够使目标像点始终逼近焦平面原点。通过数学模型仿真和真实工况试验都验证了俯仰机构位置环海天线向量角补偿算法的合理性。

Abstract

The direction vector of vertical axis of focal plane reference frame and analytical expression in cosine of a vector included angle measured from normal line for catoptric plane of a suppositional horizon outgoing plane were derived based on the five degrees of freedom analytical expression for a image line projected on focal plane to track the targets on sea surface by the panoramic photoelectric detecting system with both azimuth and pitching axes under the condition of three-frame disturbances and panoramic rotating image. The angle included between the direction vector of vertical axis of focal plane reference frame and the normal line of a suppositional horizon outgoing plane, which is less than π/2, was acquired by subtracting π/2 from arc cosine. The value from included angle multiplying 0.5 is taken as the static momentum of pitching reflector, which is a kernel of pitching position tracking algorithm adapting to arbitrary rotating angle for image line. In combination with the azimuth compensating algorithm (non-dissertated in this paper), the tracking algorithm can make the image points of offshore targets to approximate to the original point of the focal plane from the beginning to the end. Simulation results and engineering test validate the algorithm.

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中图分类号:TN820.4

收稿日期:2009-02-18

修改稿日期:2009-04-16

网络出版日期:0001-01-01

作者单位    点击查看

江涛:西安应用光学研究所舰载光电技术研究室,陕西西安710065
陈方斌:西安应用光学研究所舰载光电技术研究室,陕西西安710065
王小齐:西安应用光学研究所舰载光电技术研究室,陕西西安710065
程刚:西安应用光学研究所舰载光电技术研究室,陕西西安710065
邢军智:西安应用光学研究所舰载光电技术研究室,陕西西安710065
王红红:西安应用光学研究所舰载光电技术研究室,陕西西安710065
刘小强:西安应用光学研究所舰载光电技术研究室,陕西西安710065
胡博:西安应用光学研究所舰载光电技术研究室,陕西西安710065

联系人作者:江涛(tjiang@mail.xidian.edu.cn)

备注:江涛(1975-), 男,陕西西安人,工学博士,主要从事舰载光电武器总体设计及伺服跟踪算法研究工作

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江涛, 陈方斌, 李广良,等. 漂浮式水面周视探测器探测周期的定性定量分析[J]. 应用光学, 2007,28(专刊): 20-23.

【3】GAO Ya-yun, GAO Yue, ZHANG Kai-hu. Military photoelectric system[M]. Beijing: Beijing Science and Technology University Press, 1996. (in Chinese)
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引用该论文

JIANG Tao,CHEN Fang-bin,WANG Xiao-qi,CHENG Gang,XING Jun-zhi,WANG Hong-hong,LIU Xiao-qiang,HU Bo. Vector angle compensating algorithm for panoramic rotating image[J]. Journal of Applied Optics, 2009, 30(5): 730-733

江涛,陈方斌,王小齐,程刚,邢军智,王红红,刘小强,胡博. 周视大像旋稳海天线向量角补偿算法[J]. 应用光学, 2009, 30(5): 730-733

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