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周期量级激光脉冲在不同密度的原子介质中传播行为的比较

Comparison of Few-cycle Laser Pulse Propagation Behaviors in Dilute and Dense Ladder-type Atomic Mediums

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摘要

利用不含慢变包络近似和旋波近似的全波Maxwell-Bloch方程组的数值解,研究了周期量级超短激光脉冲在Ladder型三能级原子介质中的传播行为并与在相应的稀疏介质中的情况进行了比较.我们发现,在传播过程中,超短脉冲在稠密介质中的时间演化规律与在稀疏介质中明显不同,而且这种差别将随初始脉冲面积的增大而加大.当初始脉冲面积较小时,在传播过程中,脉冲形状在稀疏介质中只有小的改变而在稠密介质中却有显著的变化.当初始脉冲面积足够大时,在稠密介质中在不同的传播距离处脉冲分裂为不同数量和形状的亚脉冲;在稀疏介质中脉冲形状在传播过程中仍然只有小的改变。产生以上差别的原因在于稠密原子介质中近偶极-偶极(NDD)相互作用导致的局域场修正(LFC) 及比稀疏原子介质更强的极化电场的影响.其中,更强的极化电场的影响起着主要的作用,但局域场修正的作用也不能忽略,而极化电场的增强是由于原子密度的增加.

Abstract

Using the numerical solution of the full Maxwell-Bloch equations without the slowly varying envelope approximation and the rotating-wave approximation, propagation behavior of few-cycle laser pulse in a dense ladder-type three-level atomic medium is investigated and it is compared with the case in the corresponding dilute medium. It is found that, in the propagation process, time evolution of the pulse in the dense medium is obviously different from that in the dilute medium, and the difference will become more evident with increasing of the initial pulse area. When the initial pulse area is smaller, in the propagating process, the pulse shape in the dilute medium just have a small change; the pulse shape in the dense medium has considerable variation but the pulse splitting doesn't occur. When the initial pulse area is larger enough, for the dense medium case, the pulse splits into sub-pulses with different numbers and shapes at different propagation distances; while for the dilute medium case, variation of the pulse shape is still smaller in propagation process. The cause producing above difference is from two effects in the dense medium: the effect of the local-field correction (LFC) from the near dipole-dipole interaction and effect of stronger polarization field than that in the dilute medium. In which the effect of stronger polarization field plays a main role, but the role of LFC also cannot be neglected,and the stronger polarization field is due to the atomic density increasing.

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中图分类号:O437

基金项目:Supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2006CB806000), the Natural Science Foundation of China (10875072) and the Open fund of the State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics

收稿日期:2009-07-13

修改稿日期:2010-01-12

网络出版日期:0001-01-01

作者单位    点击查看

王蕾:山东师范大学 物理与电子科学学院,济南 250014
王振东:山东师范大学 物理与电子科学学院,济南 250014
梁变:山东师范大学 物理与电子科学学院,济南 250014
樊锡君:山东师范大学 物理与电子科学学院,济南 250014

联系人作者:樊锡君(xjfan108@yahoo.com.cn)

备注:WANG Lei was born in 1983. She is currently pursuing the M.S.degree, and her research interests focus on high field laser physics.

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引用该论文

WANG Lei,WANG Zhen-dong,LIANG Bian,FAN Xi-jun. Comparison of Few-cycle Laser Pulse Propagation Behaviors in Dilute and Dense Ladder-type Atomic Mediums[J]. ACTA PHOTONICA SINICA, 2010, 39(4): 577-583

王蕾,王振东,梁变,樊锡君. 周期量级激光脉冲在不同密度的原子介质中传播行为的比较[J]. 光子学报, 2010, 39(4): 577-583

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