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年龄与视觉光谱响应的相关性及其对颜色辨别的影响

Correlation of Visual Spectral Response with Aging and Its Effect on Color Discrimination

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摘要

采用心理物理实验方法中的同时双眼观察技术, 组织3名不同年龄段(21, 32, 58岁)的观察者在EIZO液晶显示器上, 每人重复7次匹配九种打印色样, 建立不同年龄观察者匹配跨媒体颜色的数据组, 研究不同年龄观察者的跨媒体颜色匹配视细胞响应。 发现随着年龄的增长, 观察者匹配九种颜色的鲜艳度明显下降, 并且在匹配蓝色和紫色时, 老年观察者蓝色通道的光谱响应明显降低。 研究结果在某种程度上验证了CIEPO06观察者生理模型的结果, 同时也为颜色再现行业生产、 评价与年龄相关产品提供一定的理论依据和实验支持。

Abstract

The variation in normal observers’ color perception and discrimination will occur with the aging effect. The authors carried out a psychophysical experiment with the method of binocular observational technique. Three observers at the age of 21, 32 and 58 were organized to match the 9 printed color samples on EIZO monitor with the repetition of 7 times. Groups of data for cross-media color matching with different age were established to investigate the response of photoreceptor cells. The results indicated that with the aging effect the chroma of the matched color will decrease obviously and the spectral response of the blue channel will decrease for blue and purple colors. The results validate the prediction of CIEPO06 model to some extent and provide some theoretical basis and experimental supports for the application of color reproduction and the color evaluation of the products related to age.

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中图分类号:TQ620.7

DOI:10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2013)07-1886-06

基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(61078048), 北京市教委科技面上项目(KM201210015001)资助

收稿日期:2012-11-12

修改稿日期:2013-02-05

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作者单位    点击查看

黄敏:北京印刷学院印刷与包装工程学院, 北京102600
刘浩学:北京印刷学院印刷与包装工程学院, 北京102600
廖宁放:北京理工大学颜色科学与工程国家重点专业实验室, 北京100081

联系人作者:黄敏(huangmin@bigc.edu.cn)

备注:黄敏, 女, 1979年生, 北京印刷学院印刷与包装工程学院副教授

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引用该论文

HUANG Min,LIU Hao-xue,LIAO Ning-fang. Correlation of Visual Spectral Response with Aging and Its Effect on Color Discrimination[J]. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis, 2013, 33(7): 1886-1891

黄敏,刘浩学,廖宁放. 年龄与视觉光谱响应的相关性及其对颜色辨别的影响[J]. 光谱学与光谱分析, 2013, 33(7): 1886-1891

被引情况

【1】黄敏,王灵芳,刘瑜,崔桂华,李双劲,刘浩学. 光柱镭射纸的光谱和色度测量分析. 光学学报, 2014, 34(6): 633002--1

【2】黄敏,崔桂华,刘瑜,刘浩学. 不同观察者锥细胞响应的同色异谱性能差异测试分析. 光谱学与光谱分析, 2015, 35(10): 2802-2809

【3】何瑞丽,黄敏,郭春丽,石冰洁,史春洁,刘浩学. 年轻和老年观察者的色差分辨差异研究. 激光与光电子学进展, 2018, 55(3): 33301--1

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