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ZnS薄膜参数对有机/无机复合发光器件特性的影响

Influence of Parameters of ZnS Film on the Organic/Inorganic Composite Luminescence Devices

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摘要

半导体量子点(QDs)具有发光效率高和发光波长可调等特点。 采用胶体CdSe QDs作电致发光器件的有源材料, TPD(N,N′-biphenyl-N,N′-bis-(3-methylphenyl)-1,1′-biphenyl-4,4′-diamine)作空穴传输层, ZnS作电子传输层, 研究了有机/无机复合发光器件ITO/TPD/CdSe QDs/ZnS/Ag的电致发光特性。 TPD和CdSe QDs薄膜采用旋涂方法、 ZnS薄膜采用磁控溅射方法沉积, 器件表面平整。 CdSe QDs的光致发光和电致发光谱峰位波长均位于~580 nm, 属于量子点的带边激子发光。 我们与以前的ITO/ZnS/CdSe QDs/ZnS/Ag发光器件结构进行了对比, 发现新的器件结构的电致发光谱没有观察到QDs表面态的发光, 而且新器件的发光强度是ITO/ZnS/CdSe QDs/ZnS/Ag结构的~10倍。 发光效率的提高归因于碰撞激发与载流子注入两种发光机制并存的结果: 一方面电子经过ZnS 层加速后, 碰撞激发CdSe QDs发光; 另一方面, 空穴从TPD层注入CdSe QDs 与QDs中激发的电子复合发光。 我们进一步研究了ZnS电子加速层厚度对发光特性的影响, 选择ZnS薄膜的厚度分别是80, 120 和160 nm, 发现随着ZnS层厚度增大, 器件启亮电压升高, EL强度增大, 但是击穿电压降低。 EL峰位随着ZnS厚度的减小发生明显蓝移, 对上述实验现象进行了机理解释。

Abstract

In the present paper, to fabricate electroluminescent devices CdSe QDs were used as active materials, TPD (N,N′-biphenyl-N,N′-bis-(3-methylphenyl)-1,1′-biphenyl-4,4′-diamine) was used as a hole transport layer, and ZnS was used as an electron transport layer. The electroluminescent properties of the organic/inorganic composite ITO/TPD/CdSe QDs/ZnS/Ag light emitting devices were studied. Both TPD and CdSe QDs thin films were spin-coated and ZnS thin films were deposited by magnetron sputtering. The surfaces of the devices are smooth. The luminescence (EL) peak of the CdSe QDs is at 580 nm which is assigned to the band-edge exciton emission. Compared to the previous EL device of ITO/ZnS/CdSe QDs/ZnS/Ag, it is seen that the new devices do not display surface state related emission peaks and EL intensity is about 10 folds that of the previous device. The enhancement of luminescence efficiency is attributed to both of the excitation of CdSe QDs by accelerated electron collision and carriers injection into QDs: (1) electrons are accelerated by the ZnS layer and collide with CdSe QDs, which excites electrons in QDs to excited states and allows them to emit photons; (2) the holes injected into QDs recombine with some of electrons excited in the QDs. The authors further studied the influence of thickness variation of ZnS on the luminescent properties. ZnS thin films are of 80, 120, and 160 nm thickness, respectively. It was found that as the thickness of ZnS increases the threshold voltage rises and EL intensity increases, but breakdown voltage decreases. The EL peak position blue shifts when the thickness of ZnS decreases. The explanation of underlying mechanism is given.

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中图分类号:O482.3

DOI:10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2014)04-0898-05

基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(11374259)资助

收稿日期:2013-06-14

修改稿日期:2013-10-10

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作者单位    点击查看

宋凌云:浙江大学物理学系, 硅材料国家重点实验室, 浙江 杭州 310027
蔡春锋:浙江大学物理学系, 硅材料国家重点实验室, 浙江 杭州 310027
刘博智:浙江大学物理学系, 硅材料国家重点实验室, 浙江 杭州 310027
胡炼:浙江大学物理学系, 硅材料国家重点实验室, 浙江 杭州 310027
张兵坡:浙江大学物理学系, 硅材料国家重点实验室, 浙江 杭州 310027
吴剑钟:浙江大学城市学院, 浙江 杭州 310015
毕刚:浙江大学城市学院, 浙江 杭州 310015
吴惠桢:浙江大学物理学系, 硅材料国家重点实验室, 浙江 杭州 310027

联系人作者:宋凌云(songlyzju@126.com)

备注:宋凌云, 女, 1985年生, 浙江大学物理学系硕士研究生

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引用该论文

SONG Ling-yun,CAI Chun-feng,LIU Bo-zhi,HU Lian,ZHANG Bing-po,WU Jian-zhong,BI Gang,WU Hui-zhen. Influence of Parameters of ZnS Film on the Organic/Inorganic Composite Luminescence Devices[J]. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis, 2014, 34(4): 898-902

宋凌云,蔡春锋,刘博智,胡炼,张兵坡,吴剑钟,毕刚,吴惠桢. ZnS薄膜参数对有机/无机复合发光器件特性的影响[J]. 光谱学与光谱分析, 2014, 34(4): 898-902

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