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厚板16MnDR 窄间隙激光-MIG 复合焊接工艺研究

A Study of 16MnDR Steel Thick Plate Narrow Gap Laser-MIG Hybrid Welding

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摘要

为实现20 mm 厚16MnDR 钢板的窄间隙焊接,设计实验探究了钝边尺寸和坡口角度对焊缝成形及焊接效率的影响,并对坡口尺寸进行优化。在此基础上,采用单激光自熔焊打底,多层多道激光-电弧复合焊填充的工艺实现了20 mm 厚16MnDR 钢板的窄间隙焊接。结果表明,在该工艺条件下,焊缝表面成形良好,焊缝内部也没有明显缺陷产生,与传统工艺相比,焊接线能量降低45%,焊接效率提高155%,具有明显优势。对接头力学性能进行测试发现,接头的抗拉强度略高于母材的抗拉强度,满足强度要求,且将接头弯曲至180°时,接头处没有明显裂纹产生,满足弯曲性能要求。

Abstract

In order to realize the narrow-gap welding of 20 mm thick plate 16MnDR steel, experiments are designed to study the effect of root faces and groove angles on welding process stability, weld appearances and welding efficiency, then optimize the size of the groove, on this basis, using autogenous laser as bottom welding, multi-pass multi-layer laser-MIG hybrid welding to fill the gap. The results indicate that the weld appearance is pretty good and there is no defects of internal weld. Comparing the welding heat input and welding efficiency of laser-MIG hybrid welding with traditional arc welding, the welding heat input of laser-MIG hybrid welding decreases by 45%, and the welding efficiency of laser-MIG hybrid welding increases by 155%. The tensile strength of the joint is slightly higher than that of the base metal, satisfying the strength requirement, and there is no crack while the joints are bent to 180°, meeting the yield strength.

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中图分类号:TG456.7

DOI:10.3788/cjl201643.0103002

所属栏目:激光制造

基金项目:国家973计划(2014CB046703)、国家自然科学基金(51323009)

收稿日期:2015-07-31

修改稿日期:2015-09-14

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

张熊:华中科技大学材料成型及模具技术国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
黎硕:华中科技大学材料成型及模具技术国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
米高阳:华中科技大学材料成型及模具技术国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
王春明:华中科技大学材料成型及模具技术国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
胡席远:华中科技大学材料成型及模具技术国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
王雪芳:南车株洲电力机车有限公司, 湖南 株洲 412000
张月来:南车株洲电力机车有限公司, 湖南 株洲 412000

联系人作者:张熊(1303395825@qq.com)

备注:张熊(1993—),男,硕士研究生,主要从事激光-电弧复合焊接方面的研究。

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引用该论文

Zhang Xiong,Li Shuo,Mi Gaoyang,Wang Chunming,Hu Xiyuan,Wang Xuefang,Zhang Yuelai. A Study of 16MnDR Steel Thick Plate Narrow Gap Laser-MIG Hybrid Welding[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2016, 43(1): 0103002

张熊,黎硕,米高阳,王春明,胡席远,王雪芳,张月来. 厚板16MnDR 窄间隙激光-MIG 复合焊接工艺研究[J]. 中国激光, 2016, 43(1): 0103002

被引情况

【1】史鹏飞,黄 坚,澹台凡亮,姚成武,高 强,刘 虎. 27SiMn高强钢激光-MAG复合焊接头组织和性能. 中国激光, 2017, 44(10): 1002001--1

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