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基于双模式探测器的大动态范围激光测距

Laser Ranging with Large Dynamic Range Based on Dual-Mode Detectors

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摘要

开发了一种基于双模式探测的大动态范围激光测距方法。使用基于硅雪崩光电二极管(APD)的单个探测器在线性模式与盖革模式之间切换,实现了平均光子数为1~105的大动态强度范围光信号探测。在此基础上,进行了30 m的室内线性探测模式测距和500 m的室外盖革探测模式测距实验,利用时间相关单光子计数设备记录的信号详细分析了两种模式测距的时间特性,证明了这种方法可以根据探测距离和背景环境进行探测模式切换,从而实现大动态范围激光测距。并且进一步分析了APD偏置电压的调节对测距系统测量精度以及探测背景噪声的影响。

Abstract

A new method of laser ranging is developed by employing a dual-mode photon detector to meet the large dynamic range of the echo photons. A single detector based on Si avalanche photodiode(APD)is operated between the linear mode and the Geiger mode by adjusting the bias voltage on APD and the detected dynamic range of the average photon number is 1~105 per pulse. The 30 m indoor and 500 m outdoor ranging experiments are carried out in the linear mode and the Geiger mode, respectively. The echo signal is recorded by a time correlated single photon counting equipment to investigate the ranging time characteristics in the dual-mode ranging system. The results indicate that the ranging system with a single detector can conveniently switch the operation mode to adapt to different ranging distances and environmental conditions and realize the large dynamic range detection. The measurement accuracy and the detection background noise are further studied while the operation modes are switched under different APD bias voltages.

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中图分类号:TN29

DOI:10.3788/aos201636.0504001

所属栏目:探测器

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(11374105)

收稿日期:2015-11-11

修改稿日期:2016-01-11

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作者单位    点击查看

冯百成:华东师范大学精密光谱科学与技术国家重点实验室,上海 200062
李召辉:华东师范大学精密光谱科学与技术国家重点实验室,上海 200062
师亚帆:华东师范大学精密光谱科学与技术国家重点实验室,上海 200062
颜佩琴:华东师范大学精密光谱科学与技术国家重点实验室,上海 200062
杜秉乘:华东师范大学精密光谱科学与技术国家重点实验室,上海 200062
杜艳伟:上海航天控制技术研究所中国航天科技集团公司红外探测技术研发中心,上海 201109
潭天乐:上海航天控制技术研究所中国航天科技集团公司红外探测技术研发中心,上海 201109
潘海峰:华东师范大学精密光谱科学与技术国家重点实验室,上海 200062
吴光:华东师范大学精密光谱科学与技术国家重点实验室,上海 200062

联系人作者:冯百成(582551642@qq.com)

备注:冯百成(1989-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事单光子探测方面的研究。

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引用该论文

Feng Baicheng,Li Zhaohui,Shi Yafan,Yan Peiqin,Du Bingcheng,Du Yanwei,Tan Tianle,Pan Haifeng,Wu Guang. Laser Ranging with Large Dynamic Range Based on Dual-Mode Detectors[J]. Acta Optica Sinica, 2016, 36(5): 0504001

冯百成,李召辉,师亚帆,颜佩琴,杜秉乘,杜艳伟,潭天乐,潘海峰,吴光. 基于双模式探测器的大动态范围激光测距[J]. 光学学报, 2016, 36(5): 0504001

被引情况

【1】徐正平,许永森,姚 园,李 刚,石 磊,孙 翯,于 潇,沈宏海. 凝视型激光主动成像系统性能验证. 光学 精密工程, 2017, 25(6): 1441-1448

【2】颜佩琴,孟文东,王煜蓉,李召辉,陶宇亮,彭欢,潘海峰,吴光. 基于温漂自动补偿的高稳定性Si-APD单光子探测器. 激光与光电子学进展, 2017, 54(8): 80403--1

【3】董渊,王頔,魏智,符泰然. 长脉冲激光辐照Si-APD温度演化过程的数值模拟与实验研究. 光学学报, 2018, 38(5): 514005--1

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