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激光选区熔化成型CoCrMo合金摩擦学性能研究

Study on Tribology Performance of CoCrMo Alloy Parts Manufactured by Selective Laser Melting

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摘要

应用摩擦磨损试验机进行摩擦磨损实验并对实验前后零件称重以分析其在不同条件下摩擦系数和磨损率的变化;对零件实验前后表面组织和形貌采用金相显微镜和扫描电子显微镜分别进行观察以研究其磨损机理。结果表明,在干摩擦、氯化钠(NaCl)和人工唾液润滑条件下,SLM成型件正面的磨损率比铸造件分别低27.92%、21.15%和19.03%,比侧面分别低26.97%、10.88%和14.97%;SLM成型件与铸造件相比,表面组织更加均匀,基本无孔洞;在干摩擦下表现为磨粒磨损,在NaCl及人工唾液润滑条件下主要表现为磨粒磨损和疲劳磨损。这些结论为SLM成型CoCrMo合金在医学植入体方面的应用提供了依据。

Abstract

The friction wear testing machine is applied in the friction and wear experiments and the weight of the parts before and after experiments are compared in order to investigate the variance of friction coefficients and wear rates under different conditions. In order to study the wear mechanism, the surface structure and morphology of CoCrMo parts before and after experiments are observed by the metalloscope and the scanning electron microscope, respectively. The results show that, under the respective lubrication condition of dry friction, sodium chloride (NaCl) or artificial saliva, the wear rate of the front face of the SLM manufactured parts is 27.92%, 21.15% or 19.03% lower than that of the casting parts, and 26.97%, 10.88% or 14.97% lower than that of the lateral face. Compared with casting parts, the SLM manufactured parts have a uniform surface structure on which there nearly no holes. Under the condition of dry friction, abrasive wear dominates. In contrast, under the lubrication conditions of NaCl and artificial saliva, abrasive wear and fatigue wear dominate. These findings provide the basis for the application of the SLM manufactured CoCrMo alloy in medical implants.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
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中图分类号:TG15;TG665

DOI:10.3788/cjl201643.0802013

所属栏目:激光制造

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81327001,51275179)、广东省重大科技专项(2016B090914002,2014B010131003,2015B090920002)、广州市产学研协同创新重大专项(201604010045)

收稿日期:2016-03-23

修改稿日期:2016-04-28

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作者单位    点击查看

张国庆:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640
杨永强:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640
林辉:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640
宋长辉:北京大学第三医院运动医学研究所, 北京 100083
张自勉:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640
余家阔:北京大学第三医院运动医学研究所, 北京 100083

联系人作者:张国庆(zhangguoqing1202@sohu.com)

备注:张国庆(1986—),男,博士研究生,主要从事激光选区熔化方面的研究。

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引用该论文

Zhang Guoqing,Yang Yongqiang,Lin Hui,Song Changhui,Zhang Zimian,Yu Jiakuo. Study on Tribology Performance of CoCrMo Alloy Parts Manufactured by Selective Laser Melting[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2016, 43(8): 0802013

张国庆,杨永强,林辉,宋长辉,张自勉,余家阔. 激光选区熔化成型CoCrMo合金摩擦学性能研究[J]. 中国激光, 2016, 43(8): 0802013

被引情况

【1】林辉,杨永强,张国庆,宋长辉. 激光选区熔化医用钴铬钼合金的摩擦性能. 光学学报, 2016, 36(11): 1114003--1

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