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准直误差对光束质量因子测量影响的理论与实验研究

Theoretical and Experimental Studies on Influence of Collimation Error on Beam Quality Factor Measurement

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摘要

测量激光光束质量(M2)因子时一般要求光路准直, 同时要求降低噪声对光斑半径测量的影响。光路偏移会导致CCD采集的光斑偏离CCD中心, 噪声使偏移光束的光斑半径和M2因子的测量值存在额外误差。针对含噪声且光路偏移CCD中心的情况, 提出了一种测量M2因子的改进方法, 即当光路不准直时, 在光路每个位置采集两个不同偏移量的光斑, 则可校正得到光斑半径的真实值, 从而得到无准直误差的M2因子。理论推导了激光光束的光斑半径和M2因子与偏移量的变化关系, 通过数值仿真和实验研究了偏移光束的光斑半径和M2因子随偏移量的变化, 二者结果一致, 验证了所提方法的可靠性。

Abstract

The beam quality (M2) factor measurement requires the collimation of the optical path and the reduction of the influence of noise on the measurement of spot radius. Deviation of the optical path results in the deviation of the captured spot from the center of CCD, and the measurement values of spot radius and M2 factor will have extra error caused by noise. Aiming at the condition of containing noise and optical path deviating from the center of CCD, a modified method for M2 factor measurement is proposed. The proposed method can collect two spots at positions in optical path with different offsets when the optical path is not straight. The true value of spot radius can be obtained correctly, and then the M2 factor without collimation error can be obtained. The relationship among the spot radius of laser beam, the M2 factor and offset is deduced theoretically. Numerical simulation and experiments are carried out to study the relationship among the spot radius, M2 factor and offset. Consistent results are obtained, which proves the reliability of the proposed method.

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中图分类号:O439

DOI:10.3788/cjl201744.0905001

所属栏目:光束传输与控制

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(11574221)

收稿日期:2017-03-10

修改稿日期:2017-03-27

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刘亲厚:四川大学电子信息学院激光微纳工程研究所, 四川 成都 610064
冯国英:四川大学电子信息学院激光微纳工程研究所, 四川 成都 610064
邓国亮:四川大学电子信息学院激光微纳工程研究所, 四川 成都 610064
王国振:四川大学电子信息学院激光微纳工程研究所, 四川 成都 610064
龙凤琼:四川大学电子信息学院激光微纳工程研究所, 四川 成都 610064

联系人作者:刘亲厚(1421091396@qq.com)

备注:刘亲厚(1991-), 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事激光与光通信等方面的研究。

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引用该论文

Liu Qinhou,Feng Guoying,Deng Guoliang,Wang Guozhen,Long Fengqiong. Theoretical and Experimental Studies on Influence of Collimation Error on Beam Quality Factor Measurement[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2017, 44(9): 0905001

刘亲厚,冯国英,邓国亮,王国振,龙凤琼. 准直误差对光束质量因子测量影响的理论与实验研究[J]. 中国激光, 2017, 44(9): 0905001

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