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Polarization effect on critical power and luminescence in an air filament

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Abstract

We demonstrate that the filamentation process is strongly influenced by the polarization state of the driver laser. When the laser polarization changes from linear to circular, the critical power for the self-focusing of a Ti:Sapphire laser (800 nm, 40 fs) in air increases from about 9.6±1.0 to ?14.9±1.5?GW, while the second nonlinear refractive index n2 of air decreases from ?9.9?×?10?20? to ?6.4?×?10?20 ?cm2/W. We also demonstrate that the luminescence from the neutral nitrogen molecules at 337 nm is dependent on both the laser intensity and plasma density inside the filament.

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DOI:10.3788/col201715.120201

所属栏目:Atomic and molecular physics

基金项目:This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61625501, 61427816, and 61235003), the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2014CB921300), the Open Fund of the State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics (SIOM), and the Program for JLU Science and Technology Innovative Research Team (JLUSTIRT) (No. 2017TD-21).

收稿日期:2017-06-14

录用日期:2017-10-13

网络出版日期:2017-11-02

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Chang Liu:State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
Hongwei Zang:State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
Helong Li:State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
Yanhao Yu:State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
Huailiang Xu:State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China

联系人作者:Huailiang Xu(huailiang@jlu.edu.cn)

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引用该论文

Chang Liu, Hongwei Zang, Helong Li, Yanhao Yu, Huailiang Xu, "Polarization effect on critical power and luminescence in an air filament," Chinese Optics Letters 15(12), 120201 (2017)

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