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掺杂手性螺烯化合物的胆甾相液晶复合体系的光驱动动态取向行为

Light-driven dynamic alignment behavior of cholesteric liquid crystalline composites doped with chiral overcrowded alkenes

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摘要

将手性螺烯化合物掺杂到小分子向列相液晶中, 制备了光响应胆甾相液晶(Cholesteric Liquid Crystal, ChLC)复合体系, 以实现光驱动液晶分子取向技术。考察了不同强度的紫外光辐照下光响应ChLC的螺距变化规律, 以及ChLC的动态取向行为。结果表明, 光响应ChLC的螺距具有明显的紫外光强度寻址特性, ChLC会随着螺距的增长从混乱无序的焦锥织构转变为均一取向的平面织构, 转变程度和转变速度随着紫外光强度的增加而增大, 响应时间可从600 s缩短至60 s。但关闭紫外光后, 由于螺距的剧烈变化, 高强度紫外光所引导的平面织构会变回焦锥织构。采用多阶段制程的紫外光辐照方案, 通过对不同阶段的紫外光强度进行适当调节, 可以实现快速响应并且取向效果稳定的光驱动技术。

Abstract

In order to realize light-driven dynamic alignment of liquid crystal (LC) molecules, photo-responsive cholesteric liquid crystalline composite was prepared by doping chiral overcrowded alkenes into achiral LC hosts. The variation of helical pitch and the dynamic homogeneous alignment of LC molecules in photo-responsive cholesteric liquid crystals (ChLCs) were investigated upon UV exposure with different intensities. The dynamic reconfiguration from focal conic to planar state was demonstrated based on the UV-intensity addressability of the helical pitch. The response time for dynamic homogeneous alignment of planar state can be accelerated from 600 s to 60 s with the increase of UV intensity, whereas the random alignment of focal conic state was developed in the absence of high-power UV exposure due to the sharp fluctuation of helical pitch. To properly modulate the intensity of UV light in multi-procedure protocols, the dynamic alignment technology with rapid response and stable homogeneousness was achieved.

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中图分类号:TN27;TN141.9

DOI:10.3788/yjyxs20183301.0043

所属栏目:材料与器件

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.51573003,No.51373024)

收稿日期:2017-09-25

修改稿日期:2017-11-30

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作者单位    点击查看

孙 健:北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100083
兰若尘:北京大学 工学院, 北京 100871
张兰英:北京大学 工学院, 北京 100871
杨 洲:北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100083
杨 槐:北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100083北京大学 工学院, 北京 100871

联系人作者:孙健(sun6jian10@gmail.com)

备注:孙健(1987-), 男, 广东广州人, 博士研究生, 主要从事光响应液晶材料的研究。

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引用该论文

SUN Jian,LAN Ruo-chen,ZHANG Lan-ying,YANG Zhou,YANG Huai. Light-driven dynamic alignment behavior of cholesteric liquid crystalline composites doped with chiral overcrowded alkenes[J]. Chinese Journal of Liquid Crystals and Displays, 2018, 33(1): 43-48

孙 健,兰若尘,张兰英,杨 洲,杨 槐. 掺杂手性螺烯化合物的胆甾相液晶复合体系的光驱动动态取向行为[J]. 液晶与显示, 2018, 33(1): 43-48

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