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不同年龄观察者颜色匹配函数的测试及优化

Test and Optimization of Different Color Matching Functions for Different Aged Observers

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摘要

为了检验各颜色匹配函数(CMFs)计算不同年龄观察者锥细胞响应的表现, 利用比较法实验得到56名观察者对5个色中心的20对近同色异谱色样对目视评价色差数据, 与不同颜色匹配函数比较, 分别计算标准化残差平方和因子与相关系数。结果表明, 各颜色匹配函数测试不同年龄段观察者的结果差异较大。对年轻观察者, S2, S6表现较好, CIE1931的计算结果较差;而对老年观察者, CIE1931表现较好, CIE1964的计算结果较差。选用CIE1964颜色匹配函数优化D65光源照明下不同年龄段观察者锥细胞响应, 优化后的CIE1964计算性能有所提高;同样, 检验LED光源照明下的实验结果, 测试性能也有所提高。

Abstract

To test performances of different color matching functions (CMFs), we make 20 pairs of nearly metameric color patches based on 5 target colors (gray, brown, b-green, blue, and purple). The visual data from 56 observers is adopted to calculate the standardized residual sum of square and correlation coefficient. The behaviors of different CMFs from the young and old observers have large discrepancies. For young observers, S2 and S6 outperform others and CIE1931 has the worst performance. While, for old observers, CIE1931 outperforms others and CIE1964 has the worst performance. Visual data from observers under the D65 light source is used to optimize CIE1964 CMFs. After optimizing, performances for different age group improves not only for D65 light source, but also for light emitting diode source.

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中图分类号:O432.3

DOI:10.3788/aos201838.0333001

所属栏目:视觉与色彩

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61675029, 61308081)、北京市科委科技新星人才计划(Z151100000315076)、北京市教委科技创新提升项目(PXM2017_014223_000061)

收稿日期:2017-06-27

修改稿日期:2017-11-01

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作者单位    点击查看

黄敏:北京印刷学院印刷工程与包装学院, 北京 102600
何瑞丽:北京印刷学院印刷工程与包装学院, 北京 102600
郭春丽:北京印刷学院印刷工程与包装学院, 北京 102600
石冰洁:北京印刷学院印刷工程与包装学院, 北京 102600
史春洁:浙江越秀外国语学院网络传播学院, 浙江 绍兴 312000
刘浩学:北京印刷学院印刷工程与包装学院, 北京 102600

联系人作者:黄敏(huangmin@bigc.edu.cn)

备注:黄敏(1979-), 女, 博士, 教授, 主要从事显示设备、输出设备的颜色色差评价、测量及色彩管理技术等方面的研究。E-mail: huangmin@bigc.edu.cn

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引用该论文

Huang Min,He Ruili,Guo Chunli,Shi Bingjie,Shi Chunjie,Liu Haoxue. Test and Optimization of Different Color Matching Functions for Different Aged Observers[J]. Acta Optica Sinica, 2018, 38(3): 0333001

黄敏,何瑞丽,郭春丽,石冰洁,史春洁,刘浩学. 不同年龄观察者颜色匹配函数的测试及优化[J]. 光学学报, 2018, 38(3): 0333001

被引情况

【1】马瑞青,廖宁放. RGB-LED光源下光源色度对颜色恒常性的影响. 光学学报, 2019, 39(9): 933001--1

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