首页 > 论文 > 激光与光电子学进展 > 55卷 > 3期(pp:30001--1)

光波导激光陶瓷的研究进展与展望

Research Development and Future Prospect of Optical Waveguide Laser Ceramics

李江   姜楠   葛琳   赵玉  
  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

摘要

未来二极管抽运固体激光器的重要发展方向是实现“三高”, 即高功率、高效率和高光束质量的激光输出, 而热效应将严重影响固体激光器的激光性能。作为极具发展前景的增益介质材料, 激光陶瓷具有连续激光输出能力强、热导率高、可以高浓度掺杂等优点, 并且容易实现大尺寸、批量化以及复合结构样品制备, 而复合结构的增益介质可以有效改善固体激光器的热效应。其中, 通过在激光陶瓷中制备光波导结构, 可以高效散热、提高抽运效率, 获得紧凑且具有高增益的激光系统, 该类激光陶瓷有望解决“三高”固体激光器的核心问题。对光波导激光陶瓷的研究进展及其设计原理、制备方法和材料性能做了综述和介绍, 最后对光波导激光陶瓷未来的研究做了展望和分析。

Abstract

One of the primary development directions of future diode-pumped solid-state lasers is to realize the "Three highs", namely, the laser output with high power, high efficiency, and high beam quality. However, the thermal effects will degrade the performance of laser device severely. As one of the most promising gain medium materials, laser ceramics have the advantages of strong continuous laser output, high thermal conductivity and high concentration doping. Meanwhile, laser ceramics are easy to achieve large size, batch production and composite structure sample preparation, while the gain medium with composite structure can effectively improve the thermal effect of solid-state lasers. The fabrication of optical waveguide structure in laser ceramics can efficiently dissipate heat, improve pumping efficiency and obtain compact laser system with high gain. This kind of ceramics will hopefully solve the core problem of "Three highs" solid-state lasers. In this paper, the research development, the design principle, the preparation techniques and the material properties of optical waveguide laser ceramics are reviewed and introduced. In the end, the future research of optical waveguide laser ceramics is prospected and analyzed.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
补充资料

中图分类号:TQ129

DOI:10.3788/lop55.030001

所属栏目:综述

基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0310500)、国家自然科学基金(61575212)

收稿日期:2017-09-11

修改稿日期:2017-11-10

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

李江:中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所透明光功能无机材料重点实验室, 上海 200050
姜楠:中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所透明光功能无机材料重点实验室, 上海 200050
葛琳:中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所透明光功能无机材料重点实验室, 上海 200050
赵玉:中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所透明光功能无机材料重点实验室, 上海 200050

联系人作者:李江(lijiang@mail.sic.ac.cn)

备注:李江(1977-), 男, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事光学与光功能透明陶瓷方面的研究。E-mail: lijiang@mail.sic.ac.cn

【1】Kaminskii A A. Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances[J]. Laser & Photonics Reviews, 2010, 1(2): 93-177.

【2】Pan Y B, Li J, Jiang B X. Advanced opto-functional transparent ceramics[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2013.
潘裕柏, 李江, 姜本学. 先进光功能透明陶瓷[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2013.

【3】Gan Q J, Jiang B X, Zhang P D, et al. Research progress of high average power solid-state lasers[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2017, 54(1): 010003.
甘啟俊, 姜本学, 张攀德, 等. 高平均功率固体激光器研究进展[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2017, 54(1): 010003.

【4】Chen J B, Guo S F. Review on technical approaches of high energy solid-state lasers[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2013, 40(6): 0602006.
陈金宝, 郭少锋. 高能固态激光器技术路线分析[J]. 中国激光, 2013, 40(6): 0602006.

【5】Feng H L, Liu Y S, Han F, et al. Progress on development of US naval shipborne laser weapons[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2014, 51(2): 020004.
冯寒亮, 刘彦升, 韩锋, 等. 美国海军舰载激光武器研究进展[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2014, 51(2): 020004.

【6】Ikesue A, Kinoshita T, Kamata K, et al. Fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd∶YAG ceramics for solid-state lasers[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 1995, 78(4): 1033-1040.

【7】Heller A. Transparent ceramics spark laser advances[J]. Science and Technology Review, 2006(4): 9-16.

【8】Li J, Pan Y B, Zeng Y P, et al. The history, development, and future prospects for laser ceramics: a review[J]. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 2013, 39: 44-52.

【9】Sanghera J, Kim W, Villalobos G, et al. Ceramic laser materials[J]. Materials, 2012, 5(2): 258-277.

【10】Pan Y B, Xu J, Wu Y S, et al. Fabrication and laser output of Nd∶YAG transparent ceramic[J]. Journal of Inorganic Materials, 2006, 21(5): 1278-1280.
潘裕柏, 徐军, 吴玉松, 等. Nd∶YAG透明陶瓷的制备与激光输出[J]. 无机材料学报, 2006, 21(5): 1278-1280.

【11】Chen J C, Li J, Xu J L, et al. 4350 W quasi-continuous-wave operation of a diode face-pumped ceramic Nd∶YAG slab laser[J]. Optics & Laser Technology, 2014, 63(4): 50-53.

【12】Zhang W X, Pan Y B, Zhou J, et al. Diode-pumped Tm∶YAG ceramic laser[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2009, 92(10): 2434-2437.

【13】Zhang W X, Zhou J, Liu W B, et al. Fabrication, properties and laser performance of Ho∶YAG transparent ceramic[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2010, 506(2): 745-748.

【14】Li J, Zhou J, Pan Y B, et al. Solid-state reactive sintering and optical characteristics of transparent Er∶YAG laser ceramics[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2012, 95(3): 1029-1032.

【15】Saikawa J, Sato Y, Taira T, et al. Absorption, emission spectrum properties, and efficient laser performances of Yb∶Y3ScAl4O12 ceramics[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2004, 85(11): 1898-1900.

【16】Nakao H, Shirakawa A, Ueda K I, et al. Demonstration of a Yb3+-doped Lu3Al5O12 ceramic thin-disk laser[J]. Optics Letters, 2014, 39(10): 2884-2887.

【17】Basiev T T, Doroshenko M E, Konyushkin V A, et al. SrF2∶Nd3+ laser fluoride ceramics[J]. Optics Letters, 2010, 35(23): 4009-4011.

【18】Kallel T, Hassairi M A, Dammak M, et al. Spectra and energy levels of Yb3+, ions in CaF2, transparent ceramics[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2014, 584: 261-268.

【19】Bisson J F, Kouznetsov D, Ueda K I, et al. Switching of emissivity and photoconductivity in highly doped Yb3+∶Y2O3 and Lu2O3 ceramics[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2007, 90(20): 201901.

【20】Wang L, Huang H T, Shen D Y, et al. Room temperature continuous-wave laser performance of LD pumped Er∶Lu2O3 and Er∶Y2O3 ceramic at 2.7 μm[J]. Optics Express, 2014, 22(16): 19495-19503.

【21】Snetkov I L, Silin D E, Palashov O V, et al. Study of the thermo-optical constants of Yb doped Y2O3, Lu2O3 and Sc2O3 ceramic materials[J]. Optics Express, 2013, 21(18): 21254-21263.

【22】Chen W, Shi P, Hua Z W, et al. Semianalytical analysis of thermal effect in LD double-side-pumped rectangular laser crystal[J]. Optics Communications, 2009, 282(18): 3751-3756.

【23】Hostaa J, Piancastelli A, Toci G, et al. Transparent layered YAG ceramics with structured Yb doping produced via tape casting[J]. Optical Materials, 2017, 65: 21-27.

【24】Li J, Wu Y S, Pan Y B, et al. Laminar-structured YAG/Nd∶YAG/YAG transparent ceramics for solid-state lasers[J]. International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, 2008, 5(4): 360-364.

【25】Ikesue A, Aung Y L. Synthesis and performance of advanced ceramic lasers[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2006, 89(6): 1936-1944.

【26】Taira T. Ceramic YAG lasers[J]. Comptes Rendus Physique, 2007, 8(2): 138-152.

【27】Konyushkin V A, Nakladov A N, Konyushkin D V, et al. Ceramic planar waveguide structures for amplifiers and lasers[J]. Quantum Electronics, 2013, 43(1): 60-62.

【28】Grivas C. Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers: part II: gain media, laser systems, and applications[J]. Progress in Quantum Electronics, 2016, 45/46: 3-160.

【29】Jelínek M. Functional planar thin film optical waveguide lasers[J]. Laser Physics Letters, 2012, 9(2): 91-99.

【30】Mackenzie J I. Dielectric solid-state planar waveguide lasers: a review[J]. IEEE Journal of Selected Topic in Quantum Electronics, 2007, 13(3): 626-637.

【31】Hu Z Y, Sun W C, Wang Z Y, et al. Latest developments of thermally bonded planar waveguide lasers with a double-clad fabric[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2004, 41(2): 21-23.
胡智勇, 孙伟成, 王肇颖, 等. 热键合双包层平板波导激光器的研究进展[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2004, 41(2): 21-23.

【32】Dong M M, Lin G, Zhao Q Z. Progress on femtosecond laser-fabricated waveguide devices in transparent dielectrics[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2013, 50(1): 010002.
董明明, 林耿, 赵全忠. 飞秒激光在透明介质中制备波导器件进展[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2013, 50(1): 010002.

【33】Tan Y, Chen F, de Aldana J R V, et al. Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd∶YVO4 channel waveguides[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2010, 97(3): 031119.

【34】Domenech M, Vázquez G V, Cantelar E, et al. Continuous-wave laser action at λ=1064.3 nm in proton-and carbon-implanted Nd∶YAG waveguides[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2003, 83(20): 4110-4112.

【35】Wang Y, Petrov V, Ding Y J, et al. Ultrafast generation of blue light by efficient second-harmonic generation in periodically poled bulk and waveguide potassium titanyl phosphate[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 1998, 73(7): 873-875.

【36】Müller S, Calmano T, Metz P, et al. Femtosecond-laser-written diode-pumped Pr∶LiYF4 waveguide laser[J]. Optics Letters, 2012, 37(24): 5223-5225.

【37】Grivas C, May-Smith T C, Shepherd D P, et al. Laser operation of a low loss (0.1 dB/cm) Nd∶Gd3 Ga5O12 thick (40 μm) planar waveguide grown by pulsed laser deposition[J]. Optics Communications, 2004, 229(1/6): 355-361.

【38】Grivas C. Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, part I: fundamentals and fabrication techniques[J]. Progress in Quantum Electronics, 2011, 35(6): 159-239.

【39】Sato Y, Akiyama J, Taira T. Effects of rare-earth doping on thermal conductivity in Y3Al5O12, crystals[J]. Optical Materials, 2009, 31(5): 720-724.

【40】Liu J, Wang J T, Zhou T J, et al. Analysis and developments of high-power planar waveguide lasers[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2015, 27(6): 79-85.
刘娇, 王君涛, 周唐建, 等. 高功率平面波导激光器研究进展及分析[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2015, 27(6): 79-85.

【41】Bonner C L, Bhutta T, Shepherd D P, et al. Double-clad structures and proximity coupling for diode-bar-pumped planar waveguide lasers[J]. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 2000, 36(2): 236-242.

【42】Mackenzie J I, Li C, Shepherd D P, et al. Longitudinally diode-pumped Nd∶YAG double-clad planar waveguide laser[J]. Optics Letters, 2001, 26(10): 698-700.

【43】Filgas D, Rockwell D, Spariosu K. Next-generation lasers for advanced active EO systems[J]. Raytheon Technology Today, 2008, 1: 9-13.

【44】Clatterbuck T, Mordaunt D. Recent results for the Raytheon RELI program[J]. Proc Spie, 2012, 8381: 83810W.

【45】Wang S L, Fang F Z. High power laser and its development[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2017, 54(9): 090005.
王狮凌, 房丰洲. 大功率激光器及其发展[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2017, 54(9): 090005.

【46】Li Y, Miller K, Johnson E G, et al. Lasing characteristics of Ho∶YAG single crystal fiber[J]. Optics Express, 2016, 24(9): 9751-9756.

【47】Harrington J A. Single-crystal fiber optics: a review[J]. SPIE, 2014, 8959: 79-86.

【48】Chen F, Ma L, Akhmadaliev S, et al. Ion irradiated Er∶YAG ceramic cladding waveguide amplifier in C and L bands[J]. Optical Materials Express, 2016, 6(3): 711-716.

【49】Salamu G, Jipa F, Zamfirescu M, et al. Laser emission from diode-pumped Nd∶YAG ceramic waveguide lasers realized by direct femtosecond-laser writing technique[J]. Optics Express, 2014, 22(5): 5177-5182.

【50】Ródenas A, Zhou G, Jaque D, et al. Direct laser writing of three-dimensional photonic structures in Nd∶yttrium aluminum garnet laser ceramics[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2008, 93(15): 151104.

【51】Torchia G A, Meilán P F, Rodenas A, et al. Femtosecond laser written surface waveguides fabricated in Nd∶YAG ceramics[J]. Optics Express, 2007, 15(20): 13266-13271.

【52】Torchia G A, Rodenas A, Benayas A, et al. Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd∶yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2008, 92(11): 111103.

【53】Rodenas A, Benayas A, Macdonald J R, et al. Direct laser writing of near-IR step-index buried channel waveguides in rare earth doped YAG[J]. Optics Letters, 2011, 36(17): 3395-3397.

【54】Calmano T, Siebenmorgen J, Paschke A G, et al. Femtosecond-laser written highly doped Yb(15%): YAG ceramic waveguide laser[C]. Advances in Optical Materials, 2011: AIThF2.

【55】Ren Y, Brown G, Ródenas A, et al. Mid-infrared waveguide lasers in rare-earth-doped YAG[J]. Optics Letters, 2012, 37(16): 3339-3341.

【56】Castillo-Vega G R, Penilla E H, Camacho-López S, et al. Waveguide-like structures written in transparent polycrystalline ceramics with an ultra-low fluence femtosecond laser[J]. Optical Materials Express, 2012, 2(10): 1416-1424.

【57】Jia Y C, Aldana J R V, Chen F. Efficient waveguide lasers in femtosecond laser inscribed double-cladding waveguides of Yb∶YAG ceramics[J]. Optical Materials Express, 2013, 3(5): 645-650.

【58】Jia Y C, de Aldana J R V, Akhmadaliev S, et al. Femtosecond laser micromachined ridge waveguide lasers in Nd∶YAG ceramics[J]. Optical Materials, 2013, 36(2): 228-231.

【59】Tan Y, Luan Q F, Liu F Q, et al. Q-switched pulse laser generation from double-cladding Nd∶YAG ceramics waveguides[J]. Optics Express, 2013, 21(16): 18963-18968.

【60】Li J, Ge L, Zhou Z W, et al. Development of solid-state waveguide laser materials[J]. Journal of the Chinese Ceramic Society, 2015, 43(1): 48-59.
李江, 葛琳, 周智为, 等. 全固态波导激光材料的研究进展[J]. 硅酸盐学报, 2015, 43(1): 48-59.

【61】Chen F. Micro-and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications[J]. Laser & Photonics Reviews, 2012, 6(5): 622-640.

【62】Tan Y, Zhang C, Chen F, et al. Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd∶YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation[J]. Applied Physics B, 2011, 103(4): 837-840.

【63】Tan Y, Luan Q F, Liu F Q, et al. Swift carbon ion irradiated Nd∶YAG ceramic optical waveguide amplifier[J]. Optics Express, 2013, 21(12): 13992-13997.

【64】Tan Y, Akhmadaliev S, Zhou S Q, et al. Guided continuous-wave and graphene-based Q-switched lasers in carbon ion irradiated Nd∶YAG ceramic channel waveguide[J]. Optics Express, 2014, 22(3): 3572-3577.

【65】Yao Y C, Zhang C, Vanga S K, et al. Proton or helium ion beam written channel waveguides in Nd∶YAG ceramics[J]. Optical Materials, 2013, 35(12): 2257-2260.

【66】Zhang Y. Femtosecond pulsed laser lithography waveguide technology[D]. Beijing: University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2009.
张雁. 飞秒脉冲激光光刻波导技术[D]. 北京: 中国科学院研究生院, 2009.

【67】Della Valle G, Osellame R, Laporta P. Micromachining of photonic devices by femtosecond laser pulses[J]. Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, 2008, 11(1): 13001-13018.

【68】Chen F, Aldana J R. Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining[J]. Laser & Photonics Reviews, 2014, 8(2): 251-275.

【69】Liu H L, Jia Y C, de Aldana J R V, et al. Femtosecond laser inscribed cladding waveguides in Nd∶YAG ceramics: fabrication, fluorescence imaging and laser performance[J]. Optics Express, 2012, 20(17): 18620-18629.

【70】Calmano T, Paschke A G, Siebenmorgen J, et al. Characterization of an Yb∶YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique[J]. Applied Physics B: Lasers & Optics, 2011, 103(1): 1-4.

【71】Salamu G, Jipa F, Zamfirescu M, et al. Cladding waveguides realized in Nd∶YAG ceramic by direct femtosecond-laser writing with a helical movement technique[J]. Optical Materials Express, 2014, 4(4): 790-797.

【72】Salamu G, Jipa F, Zamfirescu M, et al. Watt-level output power operation from diode-laser pumped circular buried depressed-cladding waveguides inscribed in Nd∶YAG by direct femtosecond-laser writing[J]. IEEE Photonics Journal, 2016, 8(1): 1-9.

【73】Ter-Gabrielyan N, Fromzel V, Mu X, et al. High efficiency, resonantly diode pumped, double-clad, Er∶YAG-core, waveguide laser[J]. Optics Express, 2012, 20(23): 25554-25561.

【74】Ng S P, Mackenzie J I. Power and radiance scaling of a 946 nm Nd∶YAG planar waveguide laser[J]. Laser Physics, 2012, 22(3): 494-498.

【75】Howatt G N, Breckenridge R G, Brownlow J M. Fabrication of thin ceramic sheets for capacitors[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2006, 30(8): 237-242.

【76】Yang K W, Ba X W, Li J, et al. Multilayer YAG/Yb∶YAG composite ceramic laser[J]. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 2014, 21(1): 168-172.

【77】Wang C, Li W X, Bai D B, et al. Mode-locked composite YAG/Yb∶YAG ceramic laser and high-power amplification[J]. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 2016, 28(4): 433-436.

【78】Tang F, Cao Y G, Huang J Q, et al. Multilayer YAG/Re∶YAG/YAG laser ceramic prepared by tape casting and vacuum sintering method[J]. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2012, 32(16): 3995-4002.

【79】Ba X W. Transparent laser ceramics with multi-layers composite structures[D]. Beijing: University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2013.
巴学巍. 多层复合激光透明陶瓷[D]. 北京: 中国科学院大学, 2013.

【80】Tang F, Cao Y G, Huang J Q, et al. Fabrication and laser behavior of composite Yb∶YAG ceramic[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2012, 95(1): 56-69.

【81】Ma C Y, Tang F, Zhu J F, et al. Cation diffusion at the interface of composite YAG/Re∶LuAG (Re=Nd or Yb) transparent ceramics[J]. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2016, 36(10): 2555-2564.

【82】Tang F, Cao Y G, Huang J Q, et al. Diode-pumped multilayer Yb∶YAG composite ceramic laser[J]. Laser Physics Letters, 2012, 9(8): 564-569.

【83】Ge L. Fabrication, microstructure and properties of the planar waveguide and the gradient doping laser ceramics[D]. Beijing: University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2015.
葛琳. 平面波导与梯度掺杂型激光陶瓷的制备、结构与性能研究[D]. 北京: 中国科学院大学, 2015.

【84】Ge L, Li J, Zhou Z W, et al. Fabrication of composite YAG/Nd∶YAG/YAG transparent ceramics for planar waveguide laser[J]. Optical Materials Express, 2014, 4(5): 1042-1049.

【85】Ge L, Li J, Qu H Y, et al. Densification behavior, doping profile and planar waveguide laser performance of the tape casting YAG/Nd∶YAG/YAG ceramics[J]. Optical Materials, 2016, 60: 221-229.

【86】Liu J, Ge L, Feng L W, et al. Diode-pumped composite ceramic Nd∶YAG planar waveguide amplifier with 327 mJ output at 100 Hz repetition rate[J]. Chinese Optics Letters, 2016, 14(5): 61-65.

【87】Rao H, Liu Z J, Cong Z H, et al. High power YAG/Nd∶YAG/YAG ceramic planar waveguide laser[J]. Laser Physics Letters, 2017, 14(4): 045801.

【88】Ma C Y, Tang F, Lin H F, et al. Fabrication and planar waveguide laser behavior of YAG/Nd∶YAG/YAG composite ceramics by tape casting[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2015, 640: 317-320.

【89】Lin H F, Tang F, Chen W D, et al. Diode-pumped tape casting planar waveguide YAG/Nd∶YAG/YAG ceramic laser[J]. Optics Express, 2015, 23(6): 8104-8112.

【90】Wu Y S, Li J, Pan Y B, et al. Diode-pumped Yb∶YAG ceramic laser[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2010, 90(10): 3334-3337.

【91】Zhao Y, Liu Q, Ge L, et al. Tape casting fabrication and properties of planar waveguide YAG/Yb∶YAG/YAG transparent ceramics[J]. Optical Materials, 2017, 69: 169-174.

【92】Wang C, Li W X, Yang C, et al. Ceramic planar waveguide laser of non-aqueous tape casting fabricated YAG/Yb: YAG/YAG[J]. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6: 31289.

【93】Liu Q, Zhao Y, Ge L, et al. Fabrication and ion diffusion behavior of planar waveguide YAG/Yb∶YAG/YAG transparent ceramics[J]. Journal of the Chinese Ceramic Society, 2017, 45(6): 749-755.
刘强, 赵玉, 葛琳, 等. 平面波导YAG/Yb∶YAG/YAG透明陶瓷的制备与离子扩散行为[J]. 硅酸盐学报, 2017, 45(6): 749-755.

【94】Lin S, Wu W L, Zhan Z L, et al. Evaluation of bonding interface on different types of dentin after Er∶YAG laser irradiation[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2011, 38(3): 0304001.
林实, 吴为良, 詹振林, 等. Er∶YAG激光辐射后不同牙本质粘结界面的微观形态观察[J]. 中国激光, 2011, 38(3): 0304001.

【95】Zhu J, Shi H M, Zhang M Y, et al. The clinical application of Ho∶YAG laser in various department[J]. Applied Laser, 2003, 23(2): 109-116.
朱菁, 施虹敏, 张美珏, 等. Ho∶YAG激光在临床各科的应用[J]. 应用激光, 2003, 23(2): 109-116.

【96】Yao B Q, Li X L, Dai T Y, et al. Diode-pumped tape casting planar waveguide YAG/Tm∶YAG/YAG ceramic laser at 2013.76 nm[J]. Optics Letters, 2016, 41(2): 254-256.

【97】Wu J, Ju L, Yao B Q, et al. Tunable single-longitudinal-mode operation of a sandwich-type YAG/Ho∶YAG/YAG ceramic laser[J]. Infrared Physics & Technology, 2016, 78: 40-44.

【98】Ma C Y, Zhu J F, Liu K, et al. Longitudinally diode-pumped planar waveguide YAG/Yb∶LuAG/YAG ceramic laser at 1030.7 nm[J]. Optics Letters, 2016, 41(14): 3317-3319.

【99】Ikesue A, Aung Y L, Okamoto T, et al. Development of free designable ceramic fiber lasers[C]. Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2006: CTuEE3.

【100】Ikesue A, Aung Y L. Progress in ceramic Nd∶YAG laser[J]. SPIE, 2007, 6552: 655209.

【101】Kim H J, Fair G, Lee H D, et al. Processing and transparency of polycrystalline yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) fibers for optical applications[C]. SPIE, 2011, 7912: 79121T.

【102】Kim H J, Fair G E, Hart A M, et al. Development of polycrystalline yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) fibers[J]. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2015, 35(15): 4251-4258.

【103】Fair G E, Hay R, Lee H D, et al. Towards optical quality yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) fibers: recent efforts at AFRL/RX[C]. SPIE, 2010, 7686: 76860E.

【104】Fair G E, Kim H J, Lee H D, et al. Development of ceramic fibers for high-energy laser applications[C]. SPIE, 2011, 8039: 80390X.

【105】Kim H J, Fair G E, Hart A M, et al. Influence of processing variables on the properties of polycrystalline YAG fibers[C]. SPIE, 2012, 8381: 838111.

【106】Kim H, Hay R, McDaniel S A, et al. Lasing of surface-polished polycrystalline Ho∶YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet) fiber[J]. Optics Express, 2017, 25(6): 6725-6731.

引用该论文

Li Jiang,Jiang Nan,Ge Lin,Zhao Yu. Research Development and Future Prospect of Optical Waveguide Laser Ceramics[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2018, 55(3): 030001

李江,姜楠,葛琳,赵玉. 光波导激光陶瓷的研究进展与展望[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2018, 55(3): 030001

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF