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年轻和老年观察者的色差分辨差异研究

Color-Difference Discrimination Between Young and Old Observers

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摘要

为了比较不同年龄段观察者的颜色色差评价差异, 研究视网膜锥细胞光谱响应分布差异, 基于灰色、棕色、蓝绿色、蓝色和紫色5个目标色, 共制作20对近同色异谱色样对。基于心理物理实验中的比较法, 对30名18~25岁和26名60~74岁观察者开展色差大小比较实验。结果表明, 不同年龄段观察者对20对近同色异谱色样对的色差大小表现出不同的评价规律, 所评估的目视色差呈负相关(协方差相关系数为-0.18), F检验差异显著。对灰色、棕色和蓝绿色的评价呈负相关(协方差相关系数分别为-0.99、-0.96、-0.84); 对蓝色和紫色的评价呈正相关(协方差相关系数分别为0.99、0.80)。

Abstract

We make 20 pairs of nearly metamerism color patches based on five target color of gray, brown, blue-green, blue and purple, to compare the color-difference discrimination and investigate the retinal spectral response distribution of the different age observers. We conduct the color-difference experiments on 30 observers aged from 18 to 25 and 26 observers aged from 60 to 74 with psychological paired-comparison. Experimental results indicate that the different age observers have different evaluation rules on the color-difference of 20 pairs of nearly metamerism color patches with the negative covariance correlation coefficient of -0.18, and significant F test results. The negative covariance correlation coefficients are -0.99, -0.96, -0.84 respectively in gray, brown and blue-green color regions, while, the positive covariance correlation coefficients are 0.99 and 0.80 in blue and purple color regions.

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中图分类号:O432.3

DOI:10.3788/lop55.033301

所属栏目:视觉,颜色与视觉光学

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61675029,61308081)、北京市科委科技新星人才计划(Z151100000315 076)、北京市教委科技创新提升项目(PXM2017_014223_000061)

收稿日期:2017-08-25

修改稿日期:2017-09-25

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

何瑞丽:北京印刷学院印刷与包装工程学院, 北京 102600
黄敏:北京印刷学院印刷与包装工程学院, 北京 102600
郭春丽:北京印刷学院印刷与包装工程学院, 北京 102600
石冰洁:北京印刷学院印刷与包装工程学院, 北京 102600
史春洁:浙江越秀外国语学院网络传播学院, 浙江 绍兴 312000
刘浩学:北京印刷学院印刷与包装工程学院, 北京 102600

联系人作者:黄敏(huangmin@bigc.edu.cn)

备注:何瑞丽(1993-), 女, 硕士研究生, 主要从事观察者的同色异谱差异方面的研究。E-mail: 695699402@qq.com

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引用该论文

He Ruili,Huang Min,Guo Chunli,Shi Bingjie,Shi Chunjie,Liu Haoxue. Color-Difference Discrimination Between Young and Old Observers[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2018, 55(3): 033301

何瑞丽,黄敏,郭春丽,石冰洁,史春洁,刘浩学. 年轻和老年观察者的色差分辨差异研究[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2018, 55(3): 033301

被引情况

【1】黄敏,何瑞丽,郭春丽,石冰洁,史春洁,刘浩学. 不同年龄观察者颜色匹配函数的测试及优化. 光学学报, 2018, 38(3): 333001--1

【2】黄敏,何瑞丽,郭春丽,习永惠,刘瑜. 基于不同显示设备的观察者同色异谱差异研究. 光学学报, 2019, 39(1): 133001--1

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