首页 > 论文 > 红外与激光工程 > 47卷 > 3期(pp:317001--1)

基于正交柱面成像相机空间后方交会的三维坐标测量方法

3D coordinate measurement method based on space resection of the orthogonal cylindrical imaging camera

  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

摘要

针对多线阵CCD相机应用于航空、航天等大型装备测量过程中普遍存在的视场遮挡问题, 提出一种基于正交柱面成像的单目坐标测量方法。该方法由一个正交柱面成像相机和一个光立体靶组成, 应用空间后方交会原理, 无需多相机交会即可完成测量。分析了正交柱面相机的测量原理和内参校准过程, 设计了光立体靶的结构参数和标定方法。重点研究了正交柱面相机与光立体靶之间的配合测量过程, 并推导了坐标解算的数学模型。最后在测量场距离相机 3 m的1 000 mm×1 000 mm×1 000 mm空间内, 在水平与竖直方向的距离测量精度优于0.4 mm, 深度方向的距离测量精度优于0.7 mm, 三维坐标测量误差小于0.5 mm。实验验证结果表明: 该方法有效, 可被灵活应用, 具有良好的测量精度。

Abstract

To solve the line-of-sight problem when using multi-linear CCD cameras in large equipment(such as aerospace field) measuring process, a novel monocular 3D coordinate measurement method based on orthogonal cylindrical imaging was proposed. The system consisted of an orthogonal cylindrical imaging camera and an optical target. The measurement could be finished without multi-cameras intersection by using space resection. Measurement principle of orthogonal cylindrical imaging camera and intrinsic parameter calibration were analyzed. Structure parameter and calibration of optical target were designed. Measuring method with orthogonal cylindrical imaging camera and optical target was emphatically studied. Mathematical model of coordinate calculation was derived. In a 1 000 mm×1 000 mm×1 000 mm measurement volume that was 3 m away from the camera, the distance measurement accuracy of the proposed method was respectively better than 0.4 mm and 0.7 mm in the horizontal, height and depth direction. For coordinate measurement, the accuracy was better than 0.5 mm. Experimental results showed that the method was feasible and valid with good accuracy.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
补充资料

中图分类号:TN247

DOI:10.3788/irla201847.0317001

所属栏目:光电测量

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51405338); 天津市自然科学基金(16JCZDJC38100); 中国科学技术协会“青年人才托举工程”(2016QNRC001)

收稿日期:2017-10-05

修改稿日期:2017-11-03

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

杨凌辉:天津大学 精密测试技术及仪器国家重点实验室, 天津 300072
王丽君:天津大学 精密测试技术及仪器国家重点实验室, 天津 300072
林嘉睿:天津大学 精密测试技术及仪器国家重点实验室, 天津 300072
孟伟:天津大学 精密测试技术及仪器国家重点实验室, 天津 300072
徐秋宇:天津大学 精密测试技术及仪器国家重点实验室, 天津 300072

联系人作者:杨凌辉(icelinker@tju.edu.cn)

备注:杨凌辉(1981-), 男, 讲师, 博士, 主要从事激光及光电测试、工业大尺寸测量方面的研究。

【1】Pepe M, Ackermann S, Fregonese L, et al. 3D point cloud model color adjustment by combining terrestrial laser scanner and close range photogrammetry datasets[J]. International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering, 2016, 10(11): 1834-1840.

【2】Robson S, MacDonald L, Kyle S, et al. Close range calibration of long focal length lenses in a changing environment[J]. ISPRS-International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 2016, XLI-B5: 115-121.

【3】Liu Haiqing, Yang Linghui, Guo Yin, et al. Precise calibration of linear camera equipped with cylindrical lenses using a radial basis function-based mapping technique[J]. Optics Express, 2015, 23(3): 323-344.

【4】Ruszkowski A, Schneider C, Mohareri O, et al. Bimanual teleoperation with heart motion compensation on the da VinciR Research Kit: Implementation and preliminary experiments[C]//Robotics and Automation(ICRA), 2016: 4101-4108.

【5】Phasespace 2016.[EB/OL].[2016-03-22].http://www.phasespace.com/.

【6】Wu Jian. Three-dimensional high precise optical positioning technique and its clinical application[D]. Beijing: Tsinghua University, 2004: 19-42. (in Chinese)
吴剑. 三维高精度光学定位技术及其临床应用[D]. 北京: 清华大学, 2004: 19-42.

【7】Ai Lili, Yuan Feng, Ding Zhenliang. An exterior attitude measurement system for spatial object based on linear CCD[J]. Optics and Precision Engineering, 2008, 16(1): 161-165. (in Chinese)
艾莉莉, 袁峰, 丁振良. 应用线阵 CCD 的空间目标外姿态测量系统[J]. 光学 精密工程, 2008, 16(1): 161-165.

【8】Luhmann T, Robson S, Kyle S, et al. Close-range Photogrammetry and 3D Imaging[M]. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2014: 263-271.

【9】More J J. The Levenberg-marquardt algorithm: implementation and theory[C]//IEEE Conference on Numerical Analysis, 1977: 105-116.

引用该论文

Yang Linghui,Wang Lijun,Lin Jiarui,Meng Wei,Xu Qiuyu. 3D coordinate measurement method based on space resection of the orthogonal cylindrical imaging camera[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering, 2018, 47(3): 0317001

杨凌辉,王丽君,林嘉睿,孟伟,徐秋宇. 基于正交柱面成像相机空间后方交会的三维坐标测量方法[J]. 红外与激光工程, 2018, 47(3): 0317001

被引情况

【1】张雄雄,宋言明,孟凡勇,孙广开,祝连庆. 变体飞行器柔性复合蒙皮植入式光纤形状传感. 红外与激光工程, 2019, 48(6): 622003--1

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF