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机载激光测深系统与船载移动测量系统数据配准方法研究

Study on the Data Registration Method of Airborne Bathymetric LiDAR System and Ship-Based Mobile Measurement System

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摘要

机载激光测深系统能够快速、高效地测量浅海、岛礁、暗礁及船只无法安全到达的水域,能够提供近岸全覆盖50 m水深测量;船载移动测量系统可以获得近岸浅海水底地形数据及近岸岛礁精细三维激光点云,二者数据在测量区域以及测量范围上具有一定的互补性。文中采用一种基于曲率特征点的改进迭代最近点(ICP)算法,将国产机载测深系统和船载移动测量系统获取的机载激光测深数据、多波束数据、三维激光扫描数据进行配准融合。结果表明,通过将二者数据进行配准融合,可以实现陆地、浅海区域海陆地形的全面精准描述、海陆基准统一,有助于海岛礁地形地貌认识、水下目标物探测及发现等。

Abstract

Efficiently and quickly measuring shallow waters, islands, reefs, ledges and unreachable waters for ships, an airborne bathymetric LiDAR system is able to measure deep to 50 meters, covering the entire inshore region, while the ship-based mobile measurement system is capable of obtaining topographic data of the ocean floor in inshore shallow sea and fine 3D laser point cloud of islands and reefs. These systems have some complementarity in the area and range of measurement. In this paper, an improved iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm based on feature points of curvature is applied to conduct registration and fusion of airborne bathymetric data, multi-beam data and 3D laser scanning data obtained from the domestic airborne bathymetric LiDAR system and the ship-based mobile measurement system, as well as comprehensively and accurately describe the terrain of both coastal waters and inshore areas for a unified criterion. The results show that the registration data from the airborne bathymetric LiDAR system and the ship-based mobile measurement system can be of great significance in comprehending the topography of islands and reefs, as well as detecting and discovering underwater targets.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
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中图分类号:P229.1;TP751

DOI:10.3788/lop55.082802

所属栏目:“激光雷达”专题

基金项目:国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项(2013YQ120343)

收稿日期:2018-03-09

修改稿日期:2018-04-16

网络出版日期:2018-05-29

作者单位    点击查看

田茂义:山东科技大学测绘科学与工程学院, 山东 青岛 266590
王延存:山东科技大学测绘科学与工程学院, 山东 青岛 266590
俞家勇:山东科技大学测绘科学与工程学院, 山东 青岛 266590
贺岩:中国科学院上海光学精密机械研究所上海市全固态激光器与应用技术重点实验室, 上海 201800
曹岳飞:山东科技大学测绘科学与工程学院, 山东 青岛 266590青岛秀山移动测量有限公司, 山东 青岛 266590
吕德亮:杭州中科天维科技有限公司, 浙江 杭州 310016
胡善江:中国科学院上海光学精密机械研究所上海市全固态激光器与应用技术重点实验室, 上海 201800
杨忠:中国海监南海航空支队, 广东 广州 510310
朱霞:中国海监南海航空支队, 广东 广州 510310
石先高:中国海监南海航空支队, 广东 广州 510310

联系人作者:俞家勇(yujiayongskd@163.com); 田茂义(tianmaoyi_zhy@126.com);

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引用该论文

Tian Maoyi,Wang Yancun,Yu Jiayong,He Yan,Cao Yuefei,Lü Deliang,Hu Shanjiang,Yang Zhong,Zhu Xia,Shi Xiangao. Study on the Data Registration Method of Airborne Bathymetric LiDAR System and Ship-Based Mobile Measurement System[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2018, 55(8): 082802

田茂义,王延存,俞家勇,贺岩,曹岳飞,吕德亮,胡善江,杨忠,朱霞,石先高. 机载激光测深系统与船载移动测量系统数据配准方法研究[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2018, 55(8): 082802

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