PbS quantum dots as a saturable absorber for ultrafast laser
Low-dimensional nanomaterials, owing to their unique and versatile properties, are very attractive for enormous electronic and optoelectronic applications. PbS quantum dots (QDs), characterized by a large Bohr radius and size-tunable bandgap, are especially interesting for photonic applications in the near-infrared region. Here, oleic acid capped colloidal PbS QDs as a saturable absorber are investigated for ultrashort-pulse generation. The PbS QDs exhibit outstanding nonlinear saturable absorption properties at 1550 nm: a modulation depth up to 44.5% and a thermal damage threshold larger than 30 mJ/cm2. By incorporating PbS QDs into a fiber laser, a transform-limited soliton pulse as short as 559 fs with a bandwidth of 4.78 nm is realized at 1563 nm. Numerous applications may benefit from the nonlinear saturable absorption properties of PbS QDs, such as near-infrared pulsed lasers and modulators.
基金项目：National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)10.13039/501100001809 (51572120, 61504064); Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province10.13039/501100004608 (BK20150847, BK20161521, BK20170912); Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT)10.13039/501100005374 (NY217129, NY218023).
Yang Qiu：College of Electronic and Optical Engineering & College of Microelectronics, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, China
Conghao Yang：College of Electronic and Optical Engineering & College of Microelectronics, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, China
Jie Xing：College of Electronic and Optical Engineering & College of Microelectronics, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, China
Kehan Yu：College of Electronic and Optical Engineering & College of Microelectronics, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, China
Xiangxing Xu：Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biofunctional Materials, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, Chinae-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Wei Wei：College of Electronic and Optical Engineering & College of Microelectronics, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, China
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Ling Yun, Yang Qiu, Conghao Yang, Jie Xing, Kehan Yu, Xiangxing Xu, and Wei Wei, "PbS quantum dots as a saturable absorber for ultrafast laser," Photonics Research 6(11), 1028-1032 (2018)