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掺杂Sm2O3的向列相液晶TEB30A光栅衍射特性研究

Diffraction characteristics of nematic liquid crystal TEB30A grating doped with Sm2O3

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摘要

基于光学琼斯矩阵理论,研究掺杂Sm2O3的向列相液晶TEB30A在弱磁场中的光栅衍射特性。结果表明,自然光通过处在弱磁场中的适量配比的Sm2O3/TEB30A样品后,会在远场产生衍射条纹,且衍射条纹会随外磁场强度的增加而出现动态的变化。产生衍射条纹是由于适量的Sm2O3的掺杂,使得向列相液晶TEB30A的折射率各向异性Δn沿外磁场方向呈现周期分布,形成了液晶光栅;当外磁场强度发生变化时,处在外磁场中的Sm2O3粒子和液晶分子的分布会随之发生变化,导致Δn沿外磁场分布的周期发生变化,从而引起液晶光栅常数发生变化,因此,衍射条纹呈现出动态变化的效应。模拟结果表明,当外磁场强度由0.464 9 T增加到0.518 5 T时,液晶光栅常数由0.5 cm降到0.4 cm。这一技术研究方法将大大降低液晶光栅的成本,同时,弱磁场环境也为使用者提供了一种安全的使用环境。

Abstract

Based on the theory of the optical Jones matrix,the grating diffraction of the nematic liquid crystal TEB30A doped with Sm2O3is studied in the weak magnetic field. The results show that when the natural light passes through the sample of the proper proportion of Sm2O3/TEB30A in the weak magnetic field, the diffraction stripes appear in the far field. And the diffraction stripes will change dynamically with the increase of the intensity of the external magnetic field. The reason for producing the diffraction stripes is that the proper Sm2O3 particles make the refractive index anisotropy Δn of the nematic liquid crystal TEB30A exhibit the periodic distribution along the direction of the external magnetic field, which leads to the formation of the grating in the liquid crystal. When the external magnetic field varies in the intensity, the distribution of Sm2O3 particles and liquid crystal molecules in the external magnetic field will change accordingly, which causes the period of the distribution of Δn along the external magnetic field to change. As a result, the constant of the liquid crystal grating changes. Therefore, the diffraction stripes exhibit a dynamic effect. The simulation results show that the grating constant of the Sm2O3-doped nematic liquid crystal TEB30A decreases from 0.5 cm to 04 cm with the magnetic strength increasing from 0464 9 T to 0.518 5 T. The technical method will greatly reduce the costs of the liquid crystal grating, and make operator work in a safe setting.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
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中图分类号:O484.41

DOI:10.3788/yjyxs20183310.0851

所属栏目:材料与器件

基金项目:国家自然基金(No.1176050057);内蒙古教育厅科学研究项目(No.JZW-16-RT-02);阴山学者培养计划(No.01135005/043)

收稿日期:2018-04-05

修改稿日期:2018-06-14

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作者单位    点击查看

刘桂香:内蒙古科技大学 包头师范学院,内蒙古 包头 014030
林海:内蒙古科技大学 包头师范学院,内蒙古 包头 014030
庞伟秀:内蒙古科技大学 包头师范学院,内蒙古 包头 014030
王雁冰:内蒙古科技大学 包头师范学院,内蒙古 包头 014030

联系人作者:王雁冰(Wangbing13947@sina.com)

备注:刘桂香(1968-),女,满族,内蒙古赤峰人,硕士,教授,2007年于宁波大学获硕士学位,主要从事液晶材料光学性质研究。E-mail:gxliuemail@126.com

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引用该论文

LIU Gui-xing,LIN Hai,PANG Wei-xiu,WANG Yan-bing. Diffraction characteristics of nematic liquid crystal TEB30A grating doped with Sm2O3[J]. Chinese Journal of Liquid Crystals and Displays, 2018, 33(10): 851-856

刘桂香,林海,庞伟秀,王雁冰. 掺杂Sm2O3的向列相液晶TEB30A光栅衍射特性研究[J]. 液晶与显示, 2018, 33(10): 851-856

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