首页 > 论文 > Photonics Research > 6卷 > 12期(pp:1124-1129)

Embedded whispering-gallery mode microsphere resonator in a tapered hollow annular core fiber

  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a tapered hollow annular core fiber (HACF) coupler for excitation of whispering-gallery modes (WGMs) of an embedded microsphere resonator. The coupler is simply fabricated by fusion splicing of a segment of HACF with the single-mode fiber (SMF), and then improved by tapering the splicing joint to reduce the cone-apex angle. Therefore, the coupling efficiency from the SMF to the HACF is enhanced to excite various WGMs via evanescent field coupling. Normal positive, negative symmetrical Lorentzian and asymmetric Fano line shapes can be obtained by varying the resonator size and location. Another interesting phenomenon is observed that a higher Q-factor mode in a lower Q-factor mode has a contrast as high as 58. Temperature sensing with good stability is also demonstrated. This embedded WGM microsphere resonator in the tapered HACF is expected to promote environmental adaptability in practical applications due to its simplicity and robustness.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
补充资料

DOI:10.1364/prj.6.001124

基金项目:National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)10.13039/501100001809 (61675126, 61735009, 61875116); Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai10.13039/100007219 (18ZR1415200).

收稿日期:2018-08-31

录用日期:2018-10-12

网络出版日期:2018-10-13

作者单位    点击查看

Jiawei Wang:Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks, Joint International Research Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Advanced Communication, Shanghai Institute for Advanced Communication and Data Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
Xiaobei Zhang:Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks, Joint International Research Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Advanced Communication, Shanghai Institute for Advanced Communication and Data Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
Ming Yan:Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks, Joint International Research Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Advanced Communication, Shanghai Institute for Advanced Communication and Data Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
Lei Yang:Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks, Joint International Research Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Advanced Communication, Shanghai Institute for Advanced Communication and Data Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
Fengyu Hou:Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks, Joint International Research Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Advanced Communication, Shanghai Institute for Advanced Communication and Data Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
Wen Sun:Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks, Joint International Research Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Advanced Communication, Shanghai Institute for Advanced Communication and Data Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
Xiaotong Zhang:The Key Laboratory of In-Fiber Integrated Optics, Ministry of Education, College of Science, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
Libo Yuan:School of Electronic Engineering and Automation, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541000, China
Hai Xiao:Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634, USA
Tingyun Wang:Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks, Joint International Research Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Advanced Communication, Shanghai Institute for Advanced Communication and Data Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China

联系人作者:Xiaobei Zhang(xbzhang@shu.edu.cn)

【1】A. B. Matsko, and V. S. Ilchenko, “Optical resonators with whispering-gallery modes-part I: basics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12 , 3–14 (2006).

【2】K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424 , 839–846 (2003).

【3】S. Levy, M. Klebanov, and A. Zadok, “High-Q ring resonators directly written in As2S3 chalcogenide glass films,” Photon. Res. 3 , 63–67 (2015).

【4】Q. Lu, M. Li, J. Liao, S. Liu, X. Wu, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Strong coupling of hybrid and plasmonic resonances in liquid core plasmonic micro-bubble cavities,” Opt. Lett. 40 , 5842–5845 (2015).

【5】J. Liao, X. Wu, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Fano resonance and improved sensing performance in a spectral-simplified optofluidic micro-bubble resonator by introducing selective modal losses,” Opt. Express 24 , 8574–8580 (2016).

【6】L. Shi, T. Zhu, D. Huang, C. Liang, M. Liu, and S. Liang, “In-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer and sphere whispering gallery mode resonator coupling structure,” Opt. Lett. 42 , 167–170 (2017).

【7】Y. L. Shang, M. Y. Ye, and X. M. Lin, “Experimental observation of Fano-like resonance in a whispering-gallery-mode microresonator in aqueous environment,” Photon. Res. 5 , 119–123 (2017).

【8】K. Zhang, Y. Wang, and Y. H. Wu, “Enhanced Fano resonance in a non-adiabatic tapered fiber coupled with a microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 42 , 2956–2959 (2017).

【9】B. Peng, S. K. ?zdemir, W. Chen, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “What is and what is not electromagnetically induced transparency in whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Commun. 5 , 5082 (2014).

【10】S. Zheng, Z. Ruan, S. Gao, Y. Long, S. Li, M. He, N. Zhou, J. Du, L. Shen, and X. Cai, “Compact tunable electromagnetically induced transparency and Fano resonance on silicon platform,” Opt. Express 25 , 25655–25662 (2017).

【11】J. C. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, “Phase-matched excitation of whispering-gallery-mode resonances by a fiber taper,” Opt. Lett. 22 , 1129–1131 (1997).

【12】S. Zhu, Y. Liu, L. Shi, X. Xu, S. Yuan, N. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Tunable polarization beam splitter based on optofluidic ring resonator,” Opt. Express 24 , 17511–17521 (2016).

【13】F. Vollmer, and L. Yang, “Label-free detection with high-Q microcavities: a review of biosensing mechanisms for integrated devices,” Nanophotonics 1 , 267–291 (2012).

【14】S. Wan, R. Niu, H.-L. Ren, C.-L. Zou, G.-C. Guo, and C.-H. Dong, “Experimental demonstration of dissipative sensing in a self-interference microring resonator,” Photon. Res. 6 , 681–685 (2018).

【15】L. Shao, X. F. Jiang, X. C. Yu, B. B. Li, W. R. Clements, F. Vollmer, W. Wang, Y. F. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “Detection of single nanoparticles and lentiviruses using microcavity resonance broadening,” Adv. Mater. 25 , 5616–5620 (2013).

【16】F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6 , e17061 (2017).

【17】F. Xie, F. Gu, H. Wang, N. Yao, S. Zhuang, and W. Fang, “Single-mode lasing via loss engineering in fiber-taper-coupled polymer bottle microresonators,” Photon. Res. 5 , B29–B33 (2017).

【18】X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, L. Yan, F. W. Sun, Y. Lan, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24 , OP260–OP264 (2012).

【19】H. Rokhsari, T. J. Kippenberg, T. Carmon, and K. J. Vahala, “Theoretical and experimental study of radiation pressure-induced mechanical oscillations (parametric instability) in optical microcavities,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12 , 96–107 (2006).

【20】A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Cavity optomechanics with whispering-gallery-mode optical micro-resonators,” in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (2010), Vol.?58, pp.?207–323.

【21】R. Wolf, I. Breunig, H. Zappe, and K. Buse, “Cascaded second-order optical nonlinearities in on-chip micro rings,” Opt. Express 25 , 29927–29933 (2017).

【22】X. Xue, X. Zheng, and A. M. Weiner, “Soliton trapping and comb self-referencing in a single microresonator with χ(2) and χ(3) nonlinearities,” Opt. Lett. 42 , 4147–4150 (2017).

【23】M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, “Optical microsphere resonators: optimal coupling to high-Q whispering-gallery modes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16 , 147–154 (1999).

【24】D. Huang, L. Shi, M. Liu, M. Deng, T. Zhu, and W. Huang, “In-fiber whispering-gallery-mode resonator fabricated by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Opt. Lett. 40 , 3770–3773 (2015).

【25】G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, F. Cosi, S. Pelli, S. Soria, G. C. Righini, P.-H. Merrer, M. Dispenza, and A. Secchi, “Coupling of angle polished waveguides to high-Q whispering gallery mode resonators,” in The European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper?CK_P9.

【26】T. Siegle, J. Kellerer, M. Bonenberger, S. Kr?mmer, C. Klusmann, M. Müller, and H. Kalt, “Comparison of various excitation and detection schemes for dye-doped polymeric whispering gallery mode micro-lasers,” Opt. Express 26 , 3579–3593 (2018).

【27】X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lon?ar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358 , 344–347 (2017).

【28】F. Monifi, S. K. ?zdemir, J. Friedlein, and L. Yang, “Encapsulation of a fiber taper coupled microtoroid resonator in a polymer matrix,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25 , 1458–1461 (2013).

【29】A. Francois, K. J. Rowland, and T. M. Monro, “Highly efficient excitation and detection of whispering gallery modes in a dye-doped microsphere using a microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 , 141111 (2011).

【30】K. Kosma, G. Zito, K. Schuster, and S. Pissadakis, “Whispering gallery mode microsphere resonator integrated inside a microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 38 , 1301–1303 (2013).

【31】R. Wang, M. Fraser, J. Li, X. Qiao, and A. Wang, “Integrated in-fiber coupler for microsphere whispering-gallery modes resonator excitation,” Opt. Lett. 40 , 308–311 (2015).

【32】H. Wang, X. Lan, J. Huang, L. Yuan, C. W. Kim, and H. Xiao, “Fiber pigtailed thin wall capillary coupler for excitation of microsphere WGM resonator,” Opt. Express 21 , 15834–15839 (2013).

【33】X. Zhang, Y. Yang, H. Shao, H. Bai, F. Pang, H. Xiao, and T. Wang, “Fano resonances in cone-shaped inwall capillary based microsphere resonator,” Opt. Express 25 , 615–621 (2017).

【34】X. Zhang, Y. Yang, H. Bai, J. Wang, M. Yan, H. Xiao, and T. Wang, “Theoretical aspects and sensing demonstrations of cone-shaped inwall capillary-based microsphere resonators,” Photon. Res. 5 , 516–520 (2017).

【35】A. Zhou, B. Qin, Z. Zhu, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Hybrid structured fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” Opt. Lett. 39 , 5267–5270 (2014).

【36】J. Yang, L. Yuan, S. Cao, and X. Zhu, “Coupling model of standard single-mode and capillary fiber,” Appl. Opt. 48 , 5624–5628 (2009).

【37】X. Zhang, H. Bai, H. Pan, J. Wang, M. Yan, H. Xiao, and T. Wang, “In-line fiber Michelson interferometer for enhancing the Q factor of cone-shaped inwall capillary coupled resonators,” IEEE Photon. J. 10 , 6801808 (2018).

【38】F. Shu, X. Jiang, G. Zhao, and L. Yang, “A scatterer-assisted whispering-gallery-mode microprobe,” Nanophotonics 7 , 1455–1460 (2018).

引用该论文

Jiawei Wang, Xiaobei Zhang, Ming Yan, Lei Yang, Fengyu Hou, Wen Sun, Xiaotong Zhang, Libo Yuan, Hai Xiao, and Tingyun Wang, "Embedded whispering-gallery mode microsphere resonator in a tapered hollow annular core fiber," Photonics Research 6(12), 1124-1129 (2018)

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF