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用高斯光学和三级像差理论求变焦距物镜的初始解

Find preliminary solution of zoom objective lens using gaussian optics and third-order aberration theory

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摘要

ZEMAX和CODE V等光学设计软件, 虽然有很强的优化功能, 但如果想得到好的设计结果, 初始解的选择至关重要。求初始解的普遍做法是, 将已有的光学系统或其中某一个组元拿来进行缩放。这种办法带有盲目性。另一种方法就是利用高斯光学和三级像差理论求变焦距物镜的初始解。这一方法有助于创新设计, 但却很少被应用。本文介绍了作者在运用这一方法过程中产生的观点、理念、经验和成果。本文通过一个十倍变焦距物镜设计实例, 详细介绍了求初始解的过程, 为了验证该初始解的效果, 还用ZEMAX进行了像差优化。为了增加说服力, 设计过程的每一步, 都给出了具体的数据, 包括经ZEMAX优化得到的最后结果。

Abstract

Despite the optical design softwares like ZEMAX and CODE V own the strong optimization features, the selection of preliminary solution is still critical if a good design result is expected. A common practice for finding a preliminary solution is to scale an existing optical system or one of its components. However, this approach has a certain blindness. Another method is using the Gaussian optics and the third-order aberration theory to find the initial solution of the zoom objective lens. This approach is helpful to produce innovative ideas in design but is rarely used. The ideas, concept, experiences, and results generated by this approach are introduced in this paper. Through the design example of a ten-fold zoom objective lens, the process of finding the preliminary solution is introduced in detail. In order to verify the initial solution obtained, the aberration optimization is also performed using ZEMAX. For the sake of increasing power of conviction, specific data is given at each step of the design process, including the final results obtained by ZEMAX optimization.

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DOI:10.3788/co.20181106.1047

所属栏目:光学设计与工艺

收稿日期:2017-09-11

修改稿日期:2017-10-13

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作者单位    点击查看

史光辉:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所, 吉林 长春 130033

联系人作者:史光辉(51454473@qq.com)

备注:史光辉(1935-), 男, 辽宁本溪人, 研究员, 主要从事光学设计方面的研究。

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引用该论文

SHI Guang-hui. Find preliminary solution of zoom objective lens using gaussian optics and third-order aberration theory[J]. Chinese Optics, 2018, 11(6): 1047-1060

史光辉. 用高斯光学和三级像差理论求变焦距物镜的初始解[J]. 中国光学, 2018, 11(6): 1047-1060

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