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相干测风激光雷达研究进展和应用 (封面文章)

Research Progress and Application of Coherent Wind Lidar (Cover Paper)

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相干测风激光雷达采用外差探测方式, 其后向散射信号经本振光放大, 信噪比理论上可达到量子极限, 具有高时空分辨、高精度的特点。相干测风激光雷达广泛应用于测量风切变、大气湍流、飞机尾流、阵风以及重力波等。目前, 国内外相继开展了相干测风激光雷达的研究。介绍了相干测风激光雷达的发展历史, 详细介绍了各波段相干测风激光雷达的最新研究进展, 并对相干测风激光雷达的发展趋势进行了简要总结。


Coherent wind lidar uses the heterodyne detection method to amplify the backscatter signal by the local oscillation laser. Because the signal-to-noise ratio can reach the theoretical quantum limit, the lidar has high spatial and temporal resolution and high precision. Coherent wind lidar is widely used to measure wind shear, atmospheric turbulence, aircraft wake, gustiness, and gravity waves. Researchers in China and other countries are presently studying on coherent wind lidar. This study introduces the history of coherent wind lidar, describes the theory using different wavelengths, and briefly summarizes the development trends in this field.








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周艳宗:中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 安徽 合肥 230026中国科学院近地空间环境重点实验室, 安徽 合肥 230026
王冲:中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 安徽 合肥 230026中国科学院近地空间环境重点实验室, 安徽 合肥 230026
刘燕平:中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 安徽 合肥 230026中国科学院近地空间环境重点实验室, 安徽 合肥 230026
夏海云:中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 安徽 合肥 230026中国科学院近地空间环境重点实验室, 安徽 合肥 230026


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