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基于漫反射激光测距的火箭残骸翻滚姿态估算

Tumbling Motion Estimation of Rocket Body Based on Diffuse Reflection Laser Ranging

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摘要

提出了基于漫反射激光测距数据估算火箭残骸质心位置和翻滚姿态的方法。分析了火箭残骸的翻滚运动, 建立了漫反射激光测距仿真模型, 详细介绍了估算火箭残骸翻滚轴指向和翻滚周期的理论和仿真方法。采用快速Lomb-Scargle算法对德国Wettzell站测得的Soyuz火箭末级残骸的实测数据进行了分析, 通过比较仿真和实测数据的统计直方图, 推算了火箭残骸的长度及质心位置, 估算得到其观测周期为11.4 s, 赤经为203°, 赤纬为23°。

Abstract

A method is proposed to estimate the mass centre position and tumbling motion of rocket body using diffuse reflection laser ranging data. The tumbling motion of rocket body is analysed and the diffuse reflection laser ranging model is built. The theoretical and simulation methods are presented to estimate the tumbling axis orientation and tumbling period of rocket body. The laser ranging data of last stage Soyuz rocket body measured at Wettzell station are processed with the fast Lomb-Scargle algorithm. The length and mass centre position of rocket body are deduced by comparing the histograms of simulated and measured data. The tumbling period is estimated to be 11.4 s, the right ascension is 203°, and the declination is 23°.

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中图分类号:P228.5

DOI:10.3788/cjl201946.0104007

所属栏目:测量与计量

基金项目:国家重大科研装备研制项目(ZDYZ2013-2)、中国科学院国际合作局对外合作重点项目(181811KYSB20170018)

收稿日期:2018-09-04

修改稿日期:2018-10-08

网络出版日期:2018-10-17

作者单位    点击查看

刘通:中国科学院国家天文台, 北京 100012中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
沈鸣:中国科学院国家天文台, 北京 100012
高鹏骐:中国科学院国家天文台, 北京 100012
赵有:中国科学院国家天文台, 北京 100012

联系人作者:赵有(youzhao@bao.ac.cn); 刘通(liutong@nao.cas.cn);

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引用该论文

Liu Tong,Shen Ming,Gao Pengqi,ZhaoYou. Tumbling Motion Estimation of Rocket Body Based on Diffuse Reflection Laser Ranging[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2019, 46(1): 0104007

刘通,沈鸣,高鹏骐,赵有. 基于漫反射激光测距的火箭残骸翻滚姿态估算[J]. 中国激光, 2019, 46(1): 0104007

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