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Maser radiation from collisionless shocks: application to astrophysical jets

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Abstract

This paper describes a model of electron energization and cyclotron-maser emission applicable to astrophysical magnetized collisionless shocks. It is motivated by the work of Begelman, Ergun and Rees [Astrophys. J. 625, 51 (2005)] who argued that the cyclotron-maser instability occurs in localized magnetized collisionless shocks such as those expected in blazar jets. We report on recent research carried out to investigate electron acceleration at collisionless shocks and maser radiation associated with the accelerated electrons. We describe how electrons accelerated by lower-hybrid waves at collisionless shocks generate cyclotron-maser radiation when the accelerated electrons move into regions of stronger magnetic fields. The electrons are accelerated along the magnetic field and magnetically compressed leading to the formation of an electron velocity distribution having a horseshoe shape due to conservation of the electron magnetic moment. Under certain conditions the horseshoe electron velocity distribution function is unstable to the cyclotron-maser instability [Bingham and Cairns, Phys. Plasmas 7, 3089 (2000); Melrose, Rev. Mod. Plasma Phys. 1, 5 (2017)].

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DOI:10.1017/hpl.2019.3

基金项目:The research leading to the results in this article has received funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (grant Nos. EP/N014472/1, EP/R004773/1 and EP/N013298/1) and the Science and Technologies Facilities Council of the United Kingdom. F.C. and L.O.S. acknowledge support from the European Research Council (InPairs ERC-2015-AdG 695088) and FCT Portugal (grant No. PD/BD/114307/2016). This work was supported in part at the University of Chicago by the US DOE NNSA ASC through the Argonne Institute for Computing in Science under FWP 57789 and the US DOE Office of Science through grant No. DE- SC0016566.

收稿日期:2018-08-30

录用日期:2019-01-09

网络出版日期:2019-01-21

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D. C. Speirs:Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G4 0NG, UK
K. Ronald:Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G4 0NG, UK
A. D. R. Phelps:Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G4 0NG, UK
M. E. Koepke:Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6315, USA
R. A. Cairns:School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St. Andrews, Fife, KY16 9SS, UK
A. Rigby:Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK
F. Cruz:GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fus?u Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
R. M. G. M. Trines:STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK
R. Bamford:STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK
B. J. Kellett:STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK
B. Albertazzi:Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation de Lasers Intenses, UMR7605, CNRS CEA, Université Paris VI Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France
J. E. Cross:Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK
F. Fraschetti:Departments of Planetary Sciences and Astronomy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
P. Graham:0AWE, Aldermaston, Reading, West Berkshire, RG7 4PR, UK
P.?M. Kozlowski:Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK
Y. Kuramitsu:1Department of Physics, National Central University, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan
F. Miniati:Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK
T. Morita:2Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
M. Oliver:Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK
B. Reville:3School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, BT7 1NN, UK
Y. Sakawa:2Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
S. Sarkar:Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK
C. Spindloe:STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK
M. Koenig:Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation de Lasers Intenses, UMR7605, CNRS CEA, Université Paris VI Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France
L.?O. Silva:GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fus?u Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
D.?Q. Lamb:4Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
P. Tzeferacos:Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK4Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
S. Lebedev:5Imperial College London, London, SW72AZ, UK
G. Gregori:Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU, UK4Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
R. Bingham:Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G4 0NG, UKSTFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK

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引用该论文

D. C. Speirs, K. Ronald, A. D. R. Phelps, M. E. Koepke, R. A. Cairns, A. Rigby, F. Cruz, R. M. G. M. Trines, R. Bamford, B. J. Kellett, B. Albertazzi, J. E. Cross, F. Fraschetti, P. Graham, P.?M. Kozlowski, Y. Kuramitsu, F. Miniati, T. Morita, M. Oliver, B. Reville, Y. Sakawa, S. Sarkar, C. Spindloe, M. Koenig, L.?O. Silva, D.?Q. Lamb, P. Tzeferacos, S. Lebedev, G. Gregori, and R. Bingham, "Maser radiation from collisionless shocks: application to astrophysical jets," High Power Laser Science and Engineering 7(1), e17 (2019)

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