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Free-space propagation of autofocusing Airy vortex beams with controllable intensity gradients

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Abstract

Vortex splitting is one of the main causes of instability in orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes transmission. Recent advances in OAM modes free-space propagation have demonstrated that abruptly autofocusing Airy vortex beams (AAVBs) can potentially mitigate the vortex splitting effect. However, different modes of vortex embedding will affect the intensity gradients of the background beams, leading to changes in the propagation characteristics of vortex beams. This study presents the unification of two common methods of coupling autofocusing Airy beams with vortices by introducing a parameter (m), which also controls the intensity gradients and focusing properties of the AAVBs. We demonstrate that vortex splitting can be effectively reduced by selecting an appropriate value of the parameter (m) according to different turbulence conditions. In this manner, the performance of OAM-based free-space optical systems can be improved.

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DOI:10.3788/col201917.040101

所属栏目:Atmospheric optics and oceanic optics

基金项目:This work was supported by the Innovation Fund of Xidian University (No. 20108183448), the Key Industrial Innovation Chain Project in Industrial Domain (No. 2017ZDCXL–GY–06–02), the Foundation for Innovative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61621005), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41806210), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. CJT150502).

收稿日期:2018-11-06

录用日期:2019-01-15

网络出版日期:2019-04-01

作者单位    点击查看

Xu Yan:State Key Laboratory of Integrated Service Networks, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, ChinaSchool of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, ChinaSchool of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
Lixin Guo:State Key Laboratory of Integrated Service Networks, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, ChinaSchool of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, ChinaSchool of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
Mingjian Cheng:School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
Shuirong Chai:School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

联系人作者:Lixin Guo(lxguo@xidian.edu.cn)

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引用该论文

Xu Yan, Lixin Guo, Mingjian Cheng, Shuirong Chai, "Free-space propagation of autofocusing Airy vortex beams with controllable intensity gradients," Chinese Optics Letters 17(4), 040101 (2019)

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