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Defects and solarization in YAG transparent ceramics

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Abstract

Transparent ceramics are emerging as future materials for lasers, scintillation, and illumination. In this paper, an interesting and surprising phenomenon in YAG transparent ceramics is reported. UV light leads to significant changes in the microstructure of open volume defects and nano clusters as well as in the optical properties. Light-induced lattice relaxation is suggested as the mechanism behind this intriguing behavior. The complex F-type color center with broad absorption bands is caused by the aliovalent sintering additives (Ca2+/Mg2+) and Fe ion impurities. Two individual peaks in the thermoluminescence spectra illustrate both shallow and deep level traps. From positron annihilation lifetime data, vacancy clusters and nanovoids are detected and characterized, although these free-volume defects could not be observed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The solarization induced by UV irradiation is associated with a change in the structure and size of defect clusters due to lattice relaxation. Therefore, this work shows how UV irradiation leads not only to a change in the charge state of defects, but also to a permanent change in defect structure and size. It significantly affects the optical properties of YAG ceramics and their performance in lasers and other optical applications. These results are crucial for advancing transparent ceramics technology.

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DOI:10.1364/PRJ.7.000549

所属栏目:Research Articles

基金项目:National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)10.13039/501100001809; Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions; National Science Foundation (NSF)10.13039/100000001; Key Research and Development Project of Jiangsu Province; Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province;

收稿日期:2018-09-28

录用日期:2019-03-09

网络出版日期:2019-04-19

作者单位    点击查看

Le Zhang:Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Laser Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, ChinaCenter for Photochemical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USASchool of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
Jiadong Wu:Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Laser Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
Petr Stepanov:Center for Photochemical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USA
Micah Haseman:Center for Photochemical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USA
Tianyuan Zhou:Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Laser Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, ChinaCenter for Photochemical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USACollege of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009, China
David Winarski:Center for Photochemical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USA
Pooneh Saadatkia:Center for Photochemical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USA
Sahil Agarwal:Center for Photochemical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USA
Farida A. Selim:Center for Photochemical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USAe-mail: faselim@bgsu.edu
Hao Yang:College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009, China
Qitu Zhang:College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009, China
Yun Wang:School of Mechanical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Chingping Wong:School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
Hao Chen:Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Laser Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Chinae-mail: chenhao@jsnu.edu.cn

联系人作者:Farida A. Selim(faselim@bgsu.edu); Hao Chen(chenhao@jsnu.edu.cn);

备注:National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)10.13039/501100001809; Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions; National Science Foundation (NSF)10.13039/100000001; Key Research and Development Project of Jiangsu Province; Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province;

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引用该论文

Le Zhang, Jiadong Wu, Petr Stepanov, Micah Haseman, Tianyuan Zhou, David Winarski, Pooneh Saadatkia, Sahil Agarwal, Farida A. Selim, Hao Yang, Qitu Zhang, Yun Wang, Chingping Wong, and Hao Chen, "Defects and solarization in YAG transparent ceramics," Photonics Research 7(5), 549-557 (2019)

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