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The effect of turbulence on NLOS underwater wireless optical communication channels [Invited]

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Abstract

Conventional line-of-sight underwater wireless optical communication (UWOC) links suffer from huge signal fading in the presence of oceanic turbulence due to misalignment, which is caused by variations in the refractive index in the water. Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) communication, a novel underwater communication configuration, which has eased the requirements on the alignment, is supposed to enhance the robustness of the UWOC links in the presence of such turbulence. This Letter experimentally and statistically studies the impact of turbulence that arises from temperature gradient variations and the presence of different air bubble populations on NLOS optical channels. The results suggest that temperature gradient-induced turbulence causes negligible signal fading to the NLOS link. Furthermore, the presence of air bubbles with different populations and sizes can enhance the received signal power by seizing the scattering phenomena from an ultraviolet 377 nm laser diode.

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DOI:10.3788/COL201917.100013

所属栏目:Underwater Wireless Optical Communication

基金项目:This work was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (baseline funding, BAS/1/1614-01-01, KAUST funding KCR/1/2081-01-01, and GEN/1/6607-01-01). T.K.N. and B.S.O. gratefully acknowledge funding from King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) Grant KACST TIC R2-FP-008.

收稿日期:2019-07-31

录用日期:2019-09-16

网络出版日期:2019-10-15

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Mohammed Sait:Photonics Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Xiaobin Sun:Photonics Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Omar Alkhazragi:Photonics Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Nasir Alfaraj:Photonics Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Meiwei Kong:Photonics Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Tien Khee Ng:Photonics Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Boon S. Ooi:Photonics Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia

联系人作者:Boon S. Ooi(boon.ooi@kaust.edu.sa)

备注:This work was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (baseline funding, BAS/1/1614-01-01, KAUST funding KCR/1/2081-01-01, and GEN/1/6607-01-01). T.K.N. and B.S.O. gratefully acknowledge funding from King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) Grant KACST TIC R2-FP-008.

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引用该论文

Mohammed Sait, Xiaobin Sun, Omar Alkhazragi, Nasir Alfaraj, Meiwei Kong, Tien Khee Ng, Boon S. Ooi, "The effect of turbulence on NLOS underwater wireless optical communication channels [Invited]," Chinese Optics Letters 17(10), 100013 (2019)

CrossRef返回数据

【1】Giuseppe Schirripa Spagnolo, Lorenzo Cozzella, Fabio Leccese. Underwater Optical Wireless Communications: Overview. Sensors, 2020, 20(8): 2261 

【2】Wei Wang, Xiaoji Li, Sujan Rajbhandari, Yanlong Li. Investigation of 3 dB Optical Intensity Spot Radius of Laser Beam under Scattering Underwater Channel. Sensors, 2020, 20(2): 422 

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