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自准直仪光电探测器失调对测角的影响

Effects of a misaligned photodetector in autocollimators on angle measurements

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摘要

本文首次提出并构建了自准直仪光电探测器失调的数学模型。基于该模型,分析了光电探测器相对于理论像面处于空间任意位置和朝向时对自准直仪测角的影响。结果表明,探测器失调造成的测角误差随准直物镜焦距f的增大而减小,随自准直仪到被测镜面的距离L以及待测角度θ的增大而增大。计算发现,当f=300 mm,L=100 mm,θ=20″时,因探测器失调引起的测角误差达到0.004 5″。文章进一步分析了各种探测器失调误差单独作用时对自准直仪测角的影响,验证了模型的正确性,并发现探测器离焦对自准直仪的影响最大。根据本文计算结果,选择长焦距的成像物镜、减小测量距离、提高光电探测器沿轴向的安装精度是减小光电探测器失调对自准直仪影响的关键。基于提出的数学模型,可以系统地计算探测器失调对自准直仪测角的影响,进而为构建更加完善的自准直仪误差模型奠定基础。

Abstract

As one of the key errors in autocollimators, misalignment of the photodetector is analyzed and modeled carefully in this paper. Effect of misalignment of the photodetector on angle measurements is characterized, when the photodetector in any position and orientation in space with respect to the theoretical image plane of autocollimators. It is shown that the angular measurement errors of autocollimators induced by a misaligned photodetector increase with greater measuring range L, larger angle θ and smaller focal length f of the collimating object lens. When f=300 mm, L=100 mm, θ=20″, the angular measurement error caused by a misaligned photodetector is 0.004 5″. The effects of each photodetector misalignment error on angle measurements in autocollimators are characterized. The model proposed in this paper is validated. Among all kinds of photodetector misalignment errors, the defocusing error has the greatest influences on autocollimators. Hence, it is critical to choose an imaging objective with longer focal length, reduce the measurement distance, and improve the installation accuracy of the photodetector along the axis. The model proposed in this paper helps to systematically obtain the angular measurement errors caused by a misaligned photodetector, which will play a key role in building a better error analysis model for autocollimators.

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中图分类号:TP394.1;TH691.9

DOI:10.3788/CO.2019-0207

所属栏目:原创文章

基金项目:|Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61875190, No. 61675198)

收稿日期:2019-10-24

修改稿日期:--

网络出版日期:2020-08-17

作者单位    点击查看

罗敬:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所,吉林 长春 130033
张晓辉:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所,吉林 长春 130033
何煦:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所,吉林 长春 130033
叶露:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所,吉林 长春 130033
张天一:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所,吉林 长春 130033

联系人作者:罗敬

备注:|Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61875190, No. 61675198)

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引用该论文

Jing LUO,Xiao-hui ZHANG,Xu HE,Lu YE,Tian-yi ZHANG. Effects of a misaligned photodetector in autocollimators on angle measurements[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(3): 558-567

罗敬,张晓辉,何煦,叶露,张天一. 自准直仪光电探测器失调对测角的影响[J]. 中国光学, 2020, 13(3): 558-567

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