Multi-cavity stabilized ultrastable laser
By taking advantage of PDH frequency stabilization technique, frequency instability of most ultrastable laser systems is mainly limited by the thermal noise of the high reflection mirrors. In this letter, we demonstrate a proposal of making an ultrastable laser referenced to a multi-cavity, enabling a lower thermal noise limit due to the larger equivalent beam size. The multi-cavity consists of a few pairs of mirrors and a common spacer. One can stabilize the laser frequencies on these cavities, and average the laser frequencies with an optical synthesizer. In comparison with a single cavity system, relative frequency instability of the synthesized laser can be improved by a factor of the squire root of the cavity number (n). To proof this proposal, we perform an experiment to simulate a two-cavity system with two independent ultrastable lasers. These laser exhibits a frequency instability at 7E-16 for short term. Experimental results show that the relative frequency instability (Allan deviation of Δν/ν) of the synthesized laser is 5E-16 improved by a factor of √2 from a signal cavity stabilized laser. The measured noise effect of optical synthesizing is at E-17 level limited by synchronization of frequency counters, it reaches E-18 level while the lasers have lower noise level. This technique is compatible with other techniques; thus, it can gain a factor of √n on the frequency instability based on the current ultrastable lasers at the state-of-the-art level.
yan lulu,zhang yanyan,tai zhaoyang,zhang pan,zhang xiaofei,guo wenge,Zhang Shougang,jiang haifeng. Multi-cavity stabilized ultrastable laser[J].Chinese Optics Letters,2018,16(12):12.