Influence of the nonlinear propagation effect on the optical signal-to-noise ratio of 400G optical fiber communication systems
The influence of the nonlinear propagation effect on three 400 Gb/s/ch (400G) optical fiber communication systems with typical modulation formats, dual-carrier 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (16QAM), single-carrier 16QAM (single-16QAM), and four-carrier quadrature phase-shift keying, are investigated. The received optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR), affected by the nonlinear interference noise together with the amplified spontaneous emission noise, are compared with three 400G systems and a standard 100 Gb/s/ch system by numerical simulations. Both single channel and multichannel cases are considered. Single-16QAM is found to have the best OSNR among those modulation formats.
Xiaosheng Xiao：State Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and Instruments, Department of Precision Instrument, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
备注：This work was supported by the National Key Scientific Instrument and Equipment Development Project of China under Grant No. 2014YQ510403.
【1】W. Idler, F. Buchali, and K. Schuh, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), Tu3A.7.
【2】S. J. Trowbridge, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (2015), p.?1.
【3】M. Camera, B.-E. Olsson, and G. Bruno, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2010).
【4】C. Gui, and J. Wang, Photon. Res. 4, 168 (2016).
【7】P. Dong, J. Lee, Y.-K. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 79 (2016).
【8】R. Younce, J. Larikova, and Y. Wang, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (2012), AS3A.4.
【9】K. Wang, Y. Lu, and L. Liu, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), W3E.2.
【10】J. Zhang, J. Yu, B. Zhu, F. Li, H.-C. Chien, Z. Jia, Y. Cai, X. Li, X. Xiao, and Y. Fang, Opt. Express 23, 16540 (2015).
【11】Y. R. Zhou, K. Smith, P. Weir, J. Chen, W. Pan, N. Zhou, and Z. Xiao, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), W3B.3.
【12】Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, J. Zhang, Y. Cai, and J. Yu, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (2015), p. 413.
【13】X. Zhou, L. Nelson, R. Issac, P. Magill, B. Zhu, and D. Peckham, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2012), OM2A.2.
【14】Z. Jia, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), Tu3A.4.
【15】J. H. Ke, Y. Gao, and J. C. Cartledge, Opt. Express 22, 71 (2014).
【16】F. Li, J. Yu, Z. Cao, M. Chen, J. Zhang, and X. Li, Opt. Express 24, 2648 (2016).
【17】A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Peckham, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2010), PDPB8.
【18】X. Zhou, L. E. Nelson, P. Magill, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, D. W. Peckham, P. I. Borel, and K. Carlson, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 553 (2012).
【19】Y.-K. Huang, S. Zhang, E. Ip, T. Wang, Y. Aono, and T. Tajima, in 19th Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) and the 39th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (ACOFT) (2014), p.?368.
【20】M.-F. Huang, S. Zhang, K. Mino, and Y. Aono, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Th4F.3.
【21】R. Younce, J. Larikova, and Y. Wang, J. Opt. Commun. Networking 5, A267 (2013).
【22】T. J. Xia, G. A. Wellbrock, M.-F. Huang, S. Zhang, Y.-K. Huang, D.-I. Chang, S. Burtsev, W. Pelouch, E. Zak, and W. Szeto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Tu2B.1.
【23】Y.-K. Huang, D. Qian, F. Yaman, T. Wang, E. Mateo, T. Inoue, Y. Inada, Y. Toyota, T. Ogata, and M. Sato, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), NW4E.1.
【24】D. Gariepy, G. He, and Y. Breton, “Method and System for Determining in-Band Optical Noise,” US Patent 8787753 (2014).
【25】R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, and C. Koos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 61 (2012).
【26】A. Carena, V. Curri, G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1524 (2012).
Huaqiang Qin, Xiaosheng Xiao, "Influence of the nonlinear propagation effect on the optical signal-to-noise ratio of 400G optical fiber communication systems," Chinese Optics Letters 15(3), 030604 (2017)