首页 > 论文 > 光学学报 > 37卷 > 4期(pp:414003--1)

脉冲激光周向探测平面目标回波特性

Plane Target Echo Characteristics of Pulsed Laser Circular-Viewing Detection

  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

摘要

针对脉冲激光周向探测平面目标回波特性的问题,设计了脉冲激光周向探测系统。基于传统激光雷达方程,采用单站式激光雷达散射截面方程,推导了混有时空分布的回波功率的一般方程。基于倾斜平面目标的表面特性,推导了扩展目标和非扩展目标的回波功率方程。通过仿真分析了脉冲展宽特性、朗伯体与非朗伯体平面的目标回波特性。对周向探测系统进行加工以及回波实验,实验结果表明,数值计算回波与粗糙平板实际回波波形一致,为脉冲激光周向探测系统测距提供了理论依据。

Abstract

Aiming at the echo characteristics of the plane target of the pulsed laser circular-viewing detection, the pulsed laser circular-viewing detection system is designed. Based on the traditional laser radar equation, a single station laser radar scattering cross section equation is used to derive the general equation of the echo power with spatial and temporal distribution. Based on surface characteristics of the tilted plane target, the echo power equations of the extended and the non-extended target are derived. The pulse broadening characteristics and the echo characteristics of Lambertian plane and non-Lambertian plane are simulated. The circular-viewing detection system is manufactured and tested, and the experimental results show that the echo waveform is consistent with the actual echo waveform of the rough flat plate. It provides a theoretical basis for the measurement of the pulsed laser circular-viewing detection system.

投稿润色
补充资料

中图分类号:TJ43

DOI:10.3788/aos201737.0414003

所属栏目:激光器与激光光学

基金项目:武器装备预先研究项目(51305020104)

收稿日期:2016-08-31

修改稿日期:2016-11-24

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

徐孝彬:南京理工大学智能弹药技术国防重点学科实验室, 江苏 南京 210094
张合:南京理工大学智能弹药技术国防重点学科实验室, 江苏 南京 210094
陈杉杉:南京理工大学智能弹药技术国防重点学科实验室, 江苏 南京 210094

联系人作者:徐孝彬(njustxxb@163.com)

备注:徐孝彬(1990-),男,博士研究生,主要从事激光探测与目标识别方面的研究。

【1】Xu Xiaobin, Zhang He, Zhang Xiangjin, et al. Miniaturized transmitting technology of laser circumferential detection[J]. Acta Photonica Sinica, 2016, 45(3): 0314005.
徐孝彬, 张 合, 张祥金, 等. 激光周向探测小型化发射技术[J]. 光子学报, 2016, 45(3): 0314005.

【2】Buzzard G. Advanced laser proximity fuzing[C]. First Annual International Missile & Rocket Symposium, 2000.

【3】Buzzard G. Modeling the Interaction of a laser target detection device with the sea surface[C]. 54th Annual Fuze Conference, 2010, 4: 67-69.

【4】Zhang Zhenghui, Yang Ming, Xu Shiwen. Analysis of FOV configuration in laser proximity fuze[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering, 2006, 35(6): 700-704.
张正辉, 杨 明, 许士文. 激光引信光束布局方式的选择与分析[J]. 红外与激光工程, 2006, 35(6): 700-704.

【5】Han Yi, Sun Huayan, Li Yingchun, et al. Simulation of space object laser radar cross section[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering, 2010, 39(5): 819-823.
韩 意, 孙华燕, 李迎春, 等. 空间目标激光雷达散射截面仿真分析[J]. 红外与激光工程, 2010, 39(5): 819-823.

【6】Wu Zhensen, Chen Hui. Characteristics of detonator laser beam scattering from an object in the near field[J]. Laser & Infrared , 2001, 31(5): 294-297.
吴振森, 陈 辉. 激光引信目标近场散射特性研究[J]. 激光与红外, 2001, 31(5): 294-297.

【7】Johnson S E. Effect of target surface orientation on the range precision of laser detection and ranging systems[J]. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 2009, 3(1): 033564.

【8】Steinvall O. Effects of target shape and reflection on laser radar cross sections[J]. Applied Optics, 2000, 39(24): 4381-4391.

【9】Steinvall O, Chevalier T, Larsson H. Data collection and simulation of high range resolution laser radar for surface mine detection[J]. Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2006: 6214.

【10】Grnwall C, Steinvall O, Gustafsson F, et al. Influence of laser radar sensor parameters on range-measurement and shape-fitting uncertainties[J]. Optical Engineering, 2007, 46(10): 106201.

【11】Yu Miao, Ren Jianhua, Zhao Tonggang, et al. Study on time error and anamorphosis of imaging ladar induced by time-dependent inverse cross sections[J]. Transactions of Beijing Institute of Technology, 2013, 33(6): 617-621.
于 淼, 任建华, 赵同刚, 等. 激光雷达中含时截面引起的时差和成像失真研究[J]. 北京理工大学学报, 2013, 33(6): 617-621.

【12】Kou Tian, Wang Haiyan, Wang Fang, et al. Research on pulse echo characteristic of airborne laser detecting air target[J]. Acta Optica Sinica, 2015, 35(4): 0414001.
寇 添, 王海晏, 王 芳, 等. 机载激光探测空中目标脉冲回波特性研究[J]. 光学学报, 2015, 35(4): 0414001.

【13】Kou Tian, Wang Haiyan, Wang Fang, et al. Study on back-scattering light intensity in airborne laser range-gated imaging[J]. Chinese J Lasers, 2015, 42(1): 0113003.
寇 添, 王海晏, 王 芳, 等. 机载激光距离选通成像大气后向散射光强研究[J]. 中国激光, 2015, 42(1): 0113003.

【14】Kou Tian, Wang Haiyan, Wang Fang, et al. Model of moving target trajectory detected based on airborne laser radar imaging[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2015, 52(10): 101002.
寇 添, 王海晏, 王 芳, 等. 基于机载激光雷达成像的动目标轨迹检测模型[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2015, 52(10): 101002.

【15】Jelalian A V. Laser radar systems[M]. Boston:Artech House, 1992.

【16】Shirley L G, Hallerman G R. Applications of tunable lasers to laser radar and 3D imaging[J]. Applications of Tunable Lasers to Laser Radar Andd Imaging, 1996.

引用该论文

Xu Xiaobin,Zhang He,Chen Shanshan. Plane Target Echo Characteristics of Pulsed Laser Circular-Viewing Detection[J]. Acta Optica Sinica, 2017, 37(4): 0414003

徐孝彬,张合,陈杉杉. 脉冲激光周向探测平面目标回波特性[J]. 光学学报, 2017, 37(4): 0414003

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF