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Enhancement of phase conjugation degenerate four-wave mixing using a Bessel beam

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Abstract

We report on the enhancement of phase conjugation degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) in hot atomic Rb vapor by using a Bessel beam as the probe beam. The Bessel beam was generated using cross-phase modulation based on the thermal nonlinear optical effect. Our results demonstrated that the DFWM signal generated by the Bessel beam is about twice as large as that generated by the Gaussian beam, which can be attributed to the extended depth and tight focusing features of the Bessel beam. We also found that a DFWM signal with reasonable intensity can be detected even when the Bessel beam encounters an obstruction on its way, thanks to the self-healing property of the Bessel beam. This work not only indicates that DFWM using a Bessel beam would be of great potential in the fields of high-fidelity communication, adaptive optics, and so on, but also suggests that a Bessel beam would be of significance to enhance the nonlinear process, especially in thick and scattering media.

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DOI:10.1364/prj.6.000162

基金项目:National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)10.13039/501100001809 (61475125); Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province10.13039/501100007128 (2017JQ6066); Education Department of Shaanxi Province10.13039/501100009103 (16JK1776); Northwest University Doctorate Dissertation of Excellence Funds (YYB17006).

收稿日期:2017-10-26

录用日期:2017-12-07

网络出版日期:2017-12-22

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Qian Zhang:State Key Laboratory Incubation Base of Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials, National Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials and Application of Science and Technology International Cooperation Center, Institute of Photonics & Photon-Technology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
Xuemei Cheng:State Key Laboratory Incubation Base of Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials, National Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials and Application of Science and Technology International Cooperation Center, Institute of Photonics & Photon-Technology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
Haowei Chen:State Key Laboratory Incubation Base of Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials, National Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials and Application of Science and Technology International Cooperation Center, Institute of Photonics & Photon-Technology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, Chinae-mail: chenhaowei2005@126.com
Bo He:State Key Laboratory Incubation Base of Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials, National Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials and Application of Science and Technology International Cooperation Center, Institute of Photonics & Photon-Technology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
Zhaoyu Ren:State Key Laboratory Incubation Base of Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials, National Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials and Application of Science and Technology International Cooperation Center, Institute of Photonics & Photon-Technology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
Ying Zhang:School of Science, Engineering University of PAP, Xi’an 710086, China
Jintao Bai:State Key Laboratory Incubation Base of Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials, National Photoelectric Technology and Functional Materials and Application of Science and Technology International Cooperation Center, Institute of Photonics & Photon-Technology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China

联系人作者:Xuemei Cheng(xmcheng@nwu.edu.cn)

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引用该论文

Qian Zhang, Xuemei Cheng, Haowei Chen, Bo He, Zhaoyu Ren, Ying Zhang, and Jintao Bai, "Enhancement of phase conjugation degenerate four-wave mixing using a Bessel beam," Photonics Research 6(3), 162-167 (2018)

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