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Femtosecond laser-induced damage threshold in snow micro-structured targets

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Abstract

Enhanced acceleration of protons to high energy by relatively modest high power ultra-short laser pulses, interacting with snow micro-structured targets was recently proposed. A notably increased proton energy was attributed to a combination of several mechanisms such as localized enhancement of the laser field intensity near the tip of $1~\unicode[STIX]{x03BC}\text{m}$ size whisker and increase in the hot electron concentration near the tip. Moreover, the use of mass-limited target prevents undesirable spread of absorbed laser energy out of the interaction zone. With increasing laser intensity a Coulomb explosion of the positively charged whisker will occur. All these mechanisms are functions of the local density profile and strongly depend on the laser pre-pulse structure. To clarify the effect of the pre-pulse on the state of the snow micro-structured target at the time of interaction with the main pulse, we measured the optical damage threshold (ODT) of the snow targets. ODT of $0.4~\text{J}/\text{cm}^{2}$ was measured by irradiating snow micro-structured targets with 50 fs duration pulses of Ti:Sapphire laser.

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DOI:10.1017/hpl.2017.34

收稿日期:2017-09-10

录用日期:2017-11-08

网络出版日期:2017-11-20

作者单位    点击查看

O. Shavit:Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
Y. Ferber:Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
J. Papeer:Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
E. Schleifer:Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
M. Botton:Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
A. Zigler:Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
Z. Henis:Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel

联系人作者:O. Shavit(omer.shavit@mail.huji.ac.il)

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引用该论文

O. Shavit, Y. Ferber, J. Papeer, E. Schleifer, M. Botton, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, "Femtosecond laser-induced damage threshold in snow micro-structured targets," High Power Laser Science and Engineering 6(1), e7 (2018)

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