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Faraday-rotation self-interference method for electron beam duration measurement in the laser wakefield accelerator

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Abstract

Real-time single-shot measurement of the femtosecond electron beam duration in laser wakefield accelerators is discussed for both experimental design and theoretical analysis that combines polarimetry and interferometry. The probe pulse polarization is rotated by the azimuthal magnetic field of the electron beam and then introduced into a Michelson-type interferometer for self-interference. The electron beam duration is obtained from the region size of the interference fringes, which is independent of the pulse width of the probe laser. Using a larger magnification system or incident angle, the measurement resolution can be less than 1 fs.

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DOI:10.3788/col201816.071202

所属栏目:Instrumentation, measurement and metrology

基金项目:This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11127901, 11425418, 11505263, and 61521093), the Strategic Priority Research Program (B) (No. XDB16), Shanghai Sailing Program (Nos. 17YF1421100 and 18YF1426000), the Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS, and the State Key Laboratory Program of the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology.

收稿日期:2018-04-20

录用日期:2018-05-21

网络出版日期:2018-06-29

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Jiaqi Liu:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Wentao Li:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaDepartment of Physics, SUPA and University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, UK
Jiansheng Liu:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaIFSA Collaborative Innovation Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Wentao Wang:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Rong Qi:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Zhijun Zhang:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Changhai Yu:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Zhiyong Qin:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Ming Fang:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Ke Feng:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Ying Wu:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Cheng Wang:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Ruxin Li:Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaIFSA Collaborative Innovation Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, ChinaSchool of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China

联系人作者:Ruxin Li(ruxinli@mail.siom.ac.c)

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引用该论文

Jiaqi Liu, Wentao Li, Jiansheng Liu, Wentao Wang, Rong Qi, Zhijun Zhang, Changhai Yu, Zhiyong Qin, Ming Fang, Ke Feng, Ying Wu, Cheng Wang, Ruxin Li, "Faraday-rotation self-interference method for electron beam duration measurement in the laser wakefield accelerator," Chinese Optics Letters 16(7), 071202 (2018)

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