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基于二维电介质超表面的柱矢量光束偏振阶数调控

Polarization Order Adjustment of Cylindrical Vector Beams by Using Two-Dimensional Dielectric Metasurfaces

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摘要

超表面在柱矢量光束(CVB)产生方面具有效率高、器件精巧等优势, 被广泛用于CVB产生及相关应用, 但是该方法存在一个比较大的缺点: 超表面的结构是固定的, 因此生成的CVB的阶数是不可调的。为了解决该问题, 在1550 nm波段实验证明了一种通过模式的加减操作来高效调控CVB偏振阶数的方法。通过将两块超表面级联在一起, 实现了CVB偏振阶数的减法运算; 在两块超表面之间插入一块半波片, 通过反转CVB偏振阶数, 实现了CVB偏振阶数的加法运算。最终实现了在-8~8范围内以2为步长的CVB偏振阶数调控操作, 实验结果与Jones矩阵的计算结果完全吻合。

Abstract

Metasurfaces have been widely used to generate cylindrical vector beams (CVB) owing to its inherent advantages of high efficiency and compact structure. However, a disadvantage of this method is that the polarization order of the generated CVB is hard to be changed, because the structure of metasurface is fixed. To solve this problem, we experimentally demonstrate a simple and efficient method to manipulate the polarization order of CVB through modes addition and subtraction operation at the working wavelength of 1550 nm. By two cascaded metasurfaces, the subtraction operation of polarization orders is realized. Further, a half wave-plate inserted between two metasurfaces is used to reverse polarization orders, in order that the add computation of polarization orders is realized. Experimental results are in good agreement with the calculation results through Jones matrix, and the polarization order of CVB can be adjusted from -8 to 8 with step length of 2 by modes addition and subtraction.

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中图分类号:O436.3

DOI:10.3788/cjl201845.0705001

所属栏目:光束传输与控制

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61490713, 61575127,61505122)、广东省自然科学基金(2016A030310065,2014A030310279)、深圳科技基础研究项目(JCYJ20150324141711651,JCYJ20160422152152634, JCYJ2016032814464)、深圳大学自然科学基金(000059, 2016031)、广东省科技计划项目(2016B050501005)、广东教育厅自然科学基金(2015KTSCX124, 2015KQNCX146)

收稿日期:2018-01-18

修改稿日期:2018-02-18

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蒋锐:深圳大学光电工程学院, 二维材料光电科技国际合作教育部联合实验室, 广东省二维材料信息功能器件与系统工程技术研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060
贺炎亮:深圳大学光电工程学院, 二维材料光电科技国际合作教育部联合实验室, 广东省二维材料信息功能器件与系统工程技术研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060
张小科:深圳大学光电工程学院, 二维材料光电科技国际合作教育部联合实验室, 广东省二维材料信息功能器件与系统工程技术研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060
蔡瑶:深圳大学光电工程学院, 二维材料光电科技国际合作教育部联合实验室, 广东省二维材料信息功能器件与系统工程技术研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060
刘俊敏:深圳大学光电工程学院, 二维材料光电科技国际合作教育部联合实验室, 广东省二维材料信息功能器件与系统工程技术研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060
陈书青:深圳大学光电工程学院, 二维材料光电科技国际合作教育部联合实验室, 广东省二维材料信息功能器件与系统工程技术研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060新加坡国立大学电气与计算机工程系, 新加坡 117576
李瑛:深圳大学光电工程学院, 二维材料光电科技国际合作教育部联合实验室, 广东省二维材料信息功能器件与系统工程技术研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060
范滇元:深圳大学光电工程学院, 二维材料光电科技国际合作教育部联合实验室, 广东省二维材料信息功能器件与系统工程技术研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060

联系人作者:蒋锐(jiangrui-love@foxmail.com)

备注:蒋锐(1991-), 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事光场调控、光电子器件方面的研究。E-mail: jiangrui-love@foxmail.com

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引用该论文

Jiang Rui,He Yanliang,Zhang Xiaoke,Cai Yao,Liu Junmin,Chen Shuqing,Li Ying,Fan Dianyuan. Polarization Order Adjustment of Cylindrical Vector Beams by Using Two-Dimensional Dielectric Metasurfaces[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2018, 45(7): 0705001

蒋锐,贺炎亮,张小科,蔡瑶,刘俊敏,陈书青,李瑛,范滇元. 基于二维电介质超表面的柱矢量光束偏振阶数调控[J]. 中国激光, 2018, 45(7): 0705001

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