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212-kHz-linewidth, transform-limited pulses from a single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser based on a few-layer Bi2Se3 saturable absorber

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Abstract

Conventional Q-switched fiber lasers operating at multi-longitudinal-mode oscillation usually suffer from self-mode-locking-induced temporal instability, relatively strong noise, and low coherence. Here, we address the challenge through demonstrating, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) Er-doped fiber (EDF) laser passively Q-switched by a few-layer Bi2Se3 saturable absorber (SA). The Bi2Se3 SA prepared by the liquid-phase exfoliation method shows a modulation depth of ~5% and saturation optical intensity of 1.8 MW/cm2. A section of 1-m unpumped EDF together with a 0.06-nm-bandwidth fiber Bragg grating is used as an ultra-narrow autotracking filter to realize SLM oscillation. Stable SLM Q-switching operation at 1.55 μm is successfully achieved with the spectral linewidth as narrow as 212 kHz and the pulse duration of 2.54 μs, manifesting near-transform-limited pulses with a time-bandwidth product of 0.53. In particular, we found that the SLM Q-switching possesses the higher signal-to-noise ratios of 62 dB (optical) and 48 dB (radio frequency), exhibiting its advantages of low noise and high stability. Such an SLM Q-switched fiber laser could gain great interest for some applications in coherent detection, coherent optical communications, and high-sensitivity optical sensing.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
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DOI:10.1364/prj.6.000c29

所属栏目:Two Dimensional Layered Materials for Ultrafast Lasers

基金项目:National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)10.13039/501100001809 (61475129, 91750115); Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (20720180057); Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province10.13039/501100003392 (2017J06016); Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET)10.13039/501100004602 of Fujian Province, China.

收稿日期:2018-07-18

录用日期:2018-07-24

网络出版日期:2018-07-25

作者单位    点击查看

Weiwei Li:Department of Electronic Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Jinhai Zou:Department of Electronic Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Yizhong Huang:Department of Electronic Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Kaijie Wang:Department of Electronic Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Tuanjie Du:Department of Electronic Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Shuisen Jiang:Department of Electronic Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Zhengqian Luo:Department of Electronic Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China

联系人作者:Zhengqian Luo(zqluo@xmu.edu.cn)

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引用该论文

Weiwei Li, Jinhai Zou, Yizhong Huang, Kaijie Wang, Tuanjie Du, Shuisen Jiang, and Zhengqian Luo, "212-kHz-linewidth, transform-limited pulses from a single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser based on a few-layer Bi2Se3 saturable absorber," Photonics Research 6(10), C29 (2018)

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