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Suppression of amplitude modulation induced by polarization mode dispersion using a multi-degree-of-freedom fiber filter

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Abstract

Polarization mode dispersion (PMD) in fibers for high-power lasers can induce significant frequency modulation to amplitude modulation (FM-to-AM) conversion. However, existing techniques are not sufficiently flexible to achieve efficient compensation for such FM-to-AM conversion. By analyzing the nonuniform transmission spectrum caused by PMD, we found that the large-scale envelope of the transmission spectrum has more serious impacts on the amount of AM. In order to suppress the PMD-induced FM-to-AM conversion, we propose a novel tunable spectral filter with multiple degrees of freedom based on a half-wave plate, a nematic liquid crystal, and an axis-rotated polarization-maintaining fiber. Peak wavelength, free spectral range (FSR), and modulation depth of the filter are decoupled and can be controlled independently, which is verified through both simulations and experiments. The filter is utilized to compensate for the PMD-induced FM-to-AM conversion in the front end of a high-power laser facility. The results indicate that, for a pulse with phase-modulation frequency of 22.82 GHz, the FM-to-AM conversion could be reduced from 18% to 3.2% within a short time and maintained below 6.5% for 3 h. The proposed filter is also promising for other applications that require flexible spectral control such as high-speed channel selection in optical communication networks.

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DOI:10.1017/hpl.2018.48

基金项目:This work was supported by the International Partnership Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. 181231KYSB20170022).

收稿日期:2018-05-11

录用日期:2018-08-08

网络出版日期:2018-09-10

作者单位    点击查看

Rao Li:National Laboratory on High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai 201800, ChinaKey Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Youen Jiang:National Laboratory on High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai 201800, ChinaKey Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Zhi Qiao:National Laboratory on High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai 201800, ChinaKey Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Canhong Huang:National Laboratory on High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai 201800, ChinaKey Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Wei Fan:National Laboratory on High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai 201800, ChinaKey Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Xuechun Li:National Laboratory on High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai 201800, ChinaKey Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Zunqi Lin:National Laboratory on High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai 201800, ChinaKey Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China

联系人作者:Wei Fan(fanweil@siom.ac.cn)

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引用该论文

Rao Li, Youen Jiang, Zhi Qiao, Canhong Huang, Wei Fan, Xuechun Li, and Zunqi Lin, "Suppression of amplitude modulation induced by polarization mode dispersion using a multi-degree-of-freedom fiber filter," High Power Laser Science and Engineering 6(4), e53 (2018)

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