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Double-slit interference of single twisted photons [Editors' Pick]

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Abstract

Optical orbital angular momentum (OAM) is a special property of photons and has evoked research onto the light–matter interaction in both classical and quantum regimes. In classical optics, OAM is related to an optical vortex with a helical phase structure. In quantum optics, photons with a twisted or helical phase structure will carry a quantized OAM. To our knowledge, however, so far, no experiment has demonstrated the fundamental property of the OAM at the single-photon level. In this Letter, we have demonstrated the average photon trajectories of twisted photons in a double-slit interference. We have experimentally captured the double-slit interference process of twisted photons by a time-gated intensified charge-coupled device camera, which is trigged by a heralded detection. Our work provides new perspectives for understanding the micro-behaviors of twisted particles and enables new applications in imaging and sensing.

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DOI:10.3788/COL202018.102601

所属栏目:Physical Optics

基金项目:This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Nos. 2017YFA0303800 and 2017YFA0303700), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11534006, 11674184, and 11774183), the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (No. 16JCZDJC31300), and the Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics.

收稿日期:2020-05-10

录用日期:2020-06-01

网络出版日期:2020-07-30

作者单位    点击查看

齐文荣:Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics and School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
刘瑞:Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics and School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
孔令军:National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, School of Physics, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
王周祥:Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics and School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
黄双印:Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics and School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
涂成厚:Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics and School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
李勇男:Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics and School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
王慧田:National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, School of Physics, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China

联系人作者:李勇男(liyongnan@nankai.edu.cn); 王慧田(htwang@nju.edu.cn);

备注:This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Nos. 2017YFA0303800 and 2017YFA0303700), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11534006, 11674184, and 11774183), the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (No. 16JCZDJC31300), and the Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics.

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引用该论文

Wen-Rong Qi, Rui Liu, Ling-Jun Kong, Zhou-Xiang Wang, Shuang-Yin Huang, Chenghou Tu, Yongnan Li, Hui-Tian Wang, "Double-slit interference of single twisted photons," Chinese Optics Letters 18(10), 102601 (2020)

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