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Laser produced electromagnetic pulses: generation, detection and mitigation [Cover Paper]

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Abstract

This paper provides an up-to-date review of the problems related to the generation, detection and mitigation of strong electromagnetic pulses created in the interaction of high-power, high-energy laser pulses with different types of solid targets. It includes new experimental data obtained independently at several international laboratories. The mechanisms of electromagnetic field generation are analyzed and considered as a function of the intensity and the spectral range of emissions they produce. The major emphasis is put on the GHz frequency domain, which is the most damaging for electronics and may have important applications. The physics of electromagnetic emissions in other spectral domains, in particular THz and MHz, is also discussed. The theoretical models and numerical simulations are compared with the results of experimental measurements, with special attention to the methodology of measurements and complementary diagnostics. Understanding the underlying physical processes is the basis for developing techniques to mitigate the electromagnetic threat and to harness electromagnetic emissions, which may have promising applications.

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DOI:10.1017/hpl.2020.13

所属栏目:Reviews

基金项目:The authors are grateful to T. Burge from Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and P. Di Lazzaro from ENEA for careful proofreading and numerous editorial comments. Portions of this work have been carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and funded from the Euratom research and training programme 2014–2018 and 2019–2020 under grant agreement No. 633053. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission. Part of this work was realized within the ELI Beamlines Projects LQ1606 and 19-02545S with financial support from the Czech Science Foundation and the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic. The authors acknowledge support from the European Regional Development Fund, the project ELITAS CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_013/0001793, the National Programme of ‘Sustainability II’ and ELI phase 2 CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15008/0000162. The PETAL project was designed and built by the CEA under the financial auspices of the Region Nouvelle Aquitaine, the French Government and the European Union. This work was supported by EPSRC grants EP/K022415/1 and EP/R006202/1. This work was supported by the European Cluster of Advanced Laser Light Sources, EUCALL, which has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 654220. This work has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 654148 Laserlab-Europe. The authors also acknowledge the use of the EPOCH PIC code (developed under EPSRC grant EP/G054940/1) and the computing resources provided by STFC Scientific Computing Department’s SCARF cluster.

收稿日期:2019-12-07

录用日期:2020-03-10

网络出版日期:2020-06-09

作者单位    点击查看

Fabrizio Consoli:ENEA, Fusion and Technologies for Nuclear Safety Department, C.R. Frascati, 00044Frascati, Italy
Vladimir T. Tikhonchuk:CELIA, University of Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, 33405Talence, France;ELI Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, 25241Dolní B?e?any, Czech Republic
Matthieu Bardon:CEA, DAM, CESTA, 33116Le Barp, France
Philip Bradford:Department of Physics, York Plasma Institute, University of York, Heslington, YorkYO10 5DD, UK
David C. Carroll:Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, STFC, UKRI, Chilton, Didcot, OxfordshireOX11 0QX, UK
Jakub Cikhardt:Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, 166 27 Prague 6, Czech Republic;Institute of Plasma Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Prague, Czech Republic
Mattia Cipriani:ENEA, Fusion and Technologies for Nuclear Safety Department, C.R. Frascati, 00044Frascati, Italy
Robert J. Clarke:Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, STFC, UKRI, Chilton, Didcot, OxfordshireOX11 0QX, UK
Thomas E. Cowan:Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institut für Strahlenphysik, 01328Dresden, Germany
Colin N. Danson:AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, BerkshireRG7 4PR, UK;OxCHEDS, Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, OxfordOX1 3PU, UK;CIFS, The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, LondonSW7 2AZ, UK
Riccardo De Angelis:ENEA, Fusion and Technologies for Nuclear Safety Department, C.R. Frascati, 00044Frascati, Italy
Massimo De Marco:Centro de Laseres Pulsados (CLPU), 37185Villamayor, Salamanca, Spain
Jean-Luc Dubois:CELIA, University of Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, 33405Talence, France
Bertrand Etchessahar:CEA, DAM, CESTA, 33116Le Barp, France
Alejandro Laso Garcia:Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institut für Strahlenphysik, 01328Dresden, Germany
David I. Hillier:AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, BerkshireRG7 4PR, UK;CIFS, The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, LondonSW7 2AZ, UK
Ales Honsa:ELI Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, 25241Dolní B?e?any, Czech Republic
Weiman Jiang:Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100190, China
Viliam Kmetik:ELI Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, 25241Dolní B?e?any, Czech Republic
Josef Krása:Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 2, 182 21Prague, Czech Republic
Yutong Li:Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100190, China;School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100049, China
Frédéric Lubrano:CEA, DAM, CESTA, 33116Le Barp, France
Paul McKenna:Department of Physics, Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), University of Strathclyde, GlasgowG4 0NG, UK
Josefine Metzkes-Ng:Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institut für Strahlenphysik, 01328Dresden, Germany
Alexandre Poyé:Laboratory PIIM, University Aix-Marseille-CNRS, 13397Marseille, France
Irene Prencipe:Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institut für Strahlenphysik, 01328Dresden, Germany
Piotr Ra?czka:Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497Warsaw, Poland
Roland A. Smith:The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, LondonSW7 2AZ, UK
Roman Vrana:ELI Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, 25241Dolní B?e?any, Czech Republic
Nigel C. Woolsey:Department of Physics, York Plasma Institute, University of York, Heslington, YorkYO10 5DD, UK
Egle Zemaityte:Department of Physics, Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), University of Strathclyde, GlasgowG4 0NG, UK
Yihang Zhang:Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100190, China;School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100049, China
Zhe Zhang:Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100190, China
Bernhard Zielbauer:PHELIX Group, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, D-64291Darmstadt, Germany
David Neely:Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, STFC, UKRI, Chilton, Didcot, OxfordshireOX11 0QX, UK;AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, BerkshireRG7 4PR, UK;Department of Physics, Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), University of Strathclyde, GlasgowG4 0NG, UK

联系人作者:Fabrizio Consoli(fabrizio.consoli@enea.it)

备注:The authors are grateful to T. Burge from Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and P. Di Lazzaro from ENEA for careful proofreading and numerous editorial comments. Portions of this work have been carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and funded from the Euratom research and training programme 2014–2018 and 2019–2020 under grant agreement No. 633053. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission. Part of this work was realized within the ELI Beamlines Projects LQ1606 and 19-02545S with financial support from the Czech Science Foundation and the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic. The authors acknowledge support from the European Regional Development Fund, the project ELITAS CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_013/0001793, the National Programme of ‘Sustainability II’ and ELI phase 2 CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15008/0000162. The PETAL project was designed and built by the CEA under the financial auspices of the Region Nouvelle Aquitaine, the French Government and the European Union. This work was supported by EPSRC grants EP/K022415/1 and EP/R006202/1. This work was supported by the European Cluster of Advanced Laser Light Sources, EUCALL, which has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 654220. This work has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 654148 Laserlab-Europe. The authors also acknowledge the use of the EPOCH PIC code (developed under EPSRC grant EP/G054940/1) and the computing resources provided by STFC Scientific Computing Department’s SCARF cluster.

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引用该论文

Fabrizio Consoli, Vladimir T. Tikhonchuk, Matthieu Bardon, Philip Bradford, David C. Carroll, Jakub Cikhardt, Mattia Cipriani, Robert J. Clarke, Thomas E. Cowan, Colin N. Danson, Riccardo De Angelis, Massimo De Marco, Jean-Luc Dubois, Bertrand Etchessahar, Alejandro Laso Garcia, David I. Hillier, Ales Honsa, Weiman Jiang, Viliam Kmetik, Josef Krása, Yutong Li, Frédéric Lubrano, Paul McKenna, Josefine Metzkes-Ng, Alexandre Poyé, Irene Prencipe, Piotr Ra?czka, Roland A. Smith, Roman Vrana, Nigel C. Woolsey, Egle Zemaityte, Yihang Zhang, Zhe Zhang, Bernhard Zielbauer, and David Neely, "Laser produced electromagnetic pulses: generation, detection and mitigation," High Power Laser Science and Engineering 8(2), e22 (2020)

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