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Second-order interference of true thermal light from a warm atomic ensemble in two independent unbalanced interferometers [Editors' Pick]

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Abstract

We report the demonstration of a second-order interference experiment by use of thermal light emitted from a warm atomic ensemble in two spatially separated unbalanced Michelson interferometers (UMIs). This novel multipath correlation interference with thermal light has been theoretically proposed by Tamma [New J. Phys.18, 032002 (2016)NJOPFM1367-263010.1088/1367-2630/18/3/032002]. In our experiment, the bright thermal light used for second-order interference is superradiantly emitted via collective two-photon coherence in Doppler-broadened cascade-type Rb87 atoms. Owing to the long coherence time of the thermal light from the atomic ensemble, we observe its second-order interference in the two independent UMIs by means of time-resolved coincidence detection. The temporal waveforms of the interfering thermal light in the two spatially separated UMIs exhibit similarities with the temporal two-photon waveform of time–energy entangled photon pairs in Franson interferometry. Our results can contribute toward a better understanding of the relation between first- and second-order interferences that are at the heart of photonics-based quantum information science.

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DOI:10.1364/PRJ.402574

所属栏目:Research Articles

基金项目:National Research Foundation of Korea10.13039/501100003725; Institute for Information and Communications Technology Promotion10.13039/501100010418;

收稿日期:2020-07-13

录用日期:2020-11-15

网络出版日期:2020-11-18

作者单位    点击查看

Jiho Park:Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Geumjeong-Gu, Busan 46241, Republic of Korea
Heonoh Kim:Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Geumjeong-Gu, Busan 46241, Republic of Korea
Han Seb Moon:Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Geumjeong-Gu, Busan 46241, Republic of Korea

联系人作者:Han Seb Moon(hsmoon@pusan.ac.kr)

备注:National Research Foundation of Korea10.13039/501100003725; Institute for Information and Communications Technology Promotion10.13039/501100010418;

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引用该论文

Jiho Park, Heonoh Kim, and Han Seb Moon, "Second-order interference of true thermal light from a warm atomic ensemble in two independent unbalanced interferometers," Photonics Research 9(1), 49-53 (2021)

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