首页 > 论文 > 激光与光电子学进展 > 56卷 > 23期(pp:231402--1)

基于响应面分析的激光除漆工艺参数优化

Laser Paint Removal Process Parameter Optimization via Response Surface Methodology

  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

摘要

为了研究激光除漆工艺规律并优化工艺参数,采用纳秒脉冲激光器对304不锈钢基体表面的丙烯酸树脂漆进行激光清洗实验。采用扫描电子显微镜与X射线能谱仪分别对激光除漆后的表面微观形貌与成分进行分析,并使用激光共聚焦显微镜对除漆后的表面粗糙度进行测量。基于响应面分析法,使用Design-Expert软件研究激光功率、扫描次数和光斑搭接率对激光除漆后表面微观形貌、成分和表面粗糙度的影响规律,并对除漆工艺参数进行优化。研究发现:光斑搭接率对表面成分的影响最为显著,而激光功率对表面粗糙度的影响最为显著;优化结果显示,当激光功率为19.18 W、光斑搭接率为46%、扫描次数为3次时,激光除漆的效果最佳。采用合适的工艺参数进行激光除漆,可以获得较好的清洗效果。

Abstract

To study the laser cleaning process and optimize process parameters, a nanosecond pulse laser was used to perform laser cleaning experiments on the acrylic resin paint on the surface of a 304 stainless steel substrate. The surface morphology and elemental composition after paint removal were analyzed by using the scanning electron microscopy and X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, and the surface roughness was measured by using a laser confocal microscope. Based on the response surface methodology, a Design-Expert software was used to analyze the effects of laser power, number of scans, and spot overlap rate on the surface morphology, elemental composition, and surface roughness after laser paint removal, and the paint removal process parameters were optimized. The results denote that the spot overlap rate considerably affects the surface composition and that the laser power considerably affects the surface roughness. The optimization results denote that the optimal laser paint removal results can be achieved when the laser power is 19.18 W, the spot overlap rate is 46%, and the number of scans is 3. The experiments show that improved cleaning results can be obtained by selecting suitable process parameters.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
补充资料

中图分类号:TN249

DOI:10.3788/LOP56.231402

所属栏目:激光器与激光光学

基金项目:江苏省重点研发计划项目;

收稿日期:2019-05-08

修改稿日期:2019-05-23

网络出版日期:2019-12-01

作者单位    点击查看

杨嘉年:江苏大学机械工程学院, 江苏 镇江 212013
周建忠:江苏大学机械工程学院, 江苏 镇江 212013
孙奇:江苏大学机械工程学院, 江苏 镇江 212013
孟宪凯:江苏大学机械工程学院, 江苏 镇江 212013
朱明:江苏大学机械工程学院, 江苏 镇江 212013
郭召恒:江苏大学机械工程学院, 江苏 镇江 212013
付强:南京先进激光技术研究院, 江苏 南京 210038

联系人作者:杨嘉年(yangjianian1997@126.com); 周建忠(zhoujz@ujs.edu.cn);

备注:江苏省重点研发计划项目;

【1】Chillman A, Ramulu M, Hashish M. Waterjet and water-air jet surface processing of a titanium alloy: a parametric evaluation [J]. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering. 2010, 132(1): 011012.

【2】Ren G C, Yu F H, Chen H L. Present situation and development trend of green remanufacturing cleaning technology [J]. Machine Tool & Hydraulics. 2014, 42(3): 158-161.
任工昌, 于峰海, 陈红柳. 绿色再制造清洗技术的现状及发展趋势研究 [J]. 机床与液压. 2014, 42(3): 158-161.

【3】Chen Y M, Zhou L Z, Yan F, et al. Mechanism and quality evaluation of laser cleaning of aluminum alloy [J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers. 2017, 44(12): 1202005.
陈一鸣, 周龙早, 闫飞, 等. 铝合金激光清洗机理与质量评估 [J]. 中国激光. 2017, 44(12): 1202005.

【4】Shamsujjoha M, Agnew S R, Melia M A, et al. Effects of laser ablation coating removal (LACR) on a steel substrate: surface profile, microstructure, hardness, and adhesion [J]. Surface and Coatings Technology. 2015, 281: 193-205.

【5】Wang Z M, Zeng X Y, Huang W L. Parameters and mechanisms of laser cleaning rubber layer on a tyre mould [J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers. 2000, 27(11): 1050-1054.
王泽敏, 曾晓雁, 黄维玲. 激光清洗轮胎模具表面橡胶层的机理与工艺研究 [J]. 中国激光. 2000, 27(11): 1050-1054.

【6】Shi S D, Du P, Li W, et al. Research on paint removal with 1064 nm quasi-continuous-wave laser [J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers. 2012, 39(9): 0903001.
施曙东, 杜鹏, 李伟, 等. 1064 nm准连续激光除漆研究 [J]. 中国激光. 2012, 39(9): 0903001.

【7】Zhang H, Liu W W, Dong Y Z, et al. Experimental and mechanism research on paint removal with low frequency YAG pulsed laser [J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress. 2013, 50(12): 121401.
章恒, 刘伟嵬, 董亚洲, 等. 低频YAG脉冲激光除漆机理和实验研究 [J]. 激光与光电子学进展. 2013, 50(12): 121401.

【8】Wang D L, Feng G Y, Deng G L, et al. Study of mechanism on laser paint removal based on the morphology and element composition of ejected particle [J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers. 2015, 42(10): 1003007.
王德良, 冯国英, 邓国亮, 等. 基于颗粒形貌及成分分析的激光除漆去除机理研究 [J]. 中国激光. 2015, 42(10): 1003007.

【9】Li F, Chen X G, Lin W H, et al. Nanosecond laser ablation of Al-Si coating on boron steel [J]. Surface and Coatings Technology. 2017, 319: 129-135.

【10】Brygo F, Dutouquet C, Le Guern F, et al. Laser fluence, repetition rate and pulse duration effects on paint ablation [J]. Applied Surface Science. 2006, 252(6): 2131-2138.

【11】D''''Addona D M. Genna S, Giordano A, et al. Laser ablation of primer during the welding process of iron plate for shipbuilding industry [J]. Procedia CIRP. 2015, 33: 464-469.

【12】Jasim H A, Demir A G, Previtali B, et al. Process development and monitoring in stripping of a highly transparent polymeric paint with ns-pulsed fiber laser [J]. Optics & Laser Technology. 2017, 93: 60-66.

【13】Chen G X, Lu H F, Zhao Y, et al. Effect of power on laser cleaning result of stainless steel surface [J]. Opto-Electronic Engineering. 2017, 44(12): 1217-1224, 1245.
陈国星, 陆海峰, 赵滢, 等. 激光功率对不锈钢表面清洗效果影响的研究 [J]. 光电工程. 2017, 44(12): 1217-1224, 1245.

【14】Qiao Y L, Huang K N, Liang X B, et al. Effect of laser cleaning speed on morphology and composition of carbon-deposited surface of titanium alloy [J]. Applied Laser. 2017, 37(6): 859-864.
乔玉林, 黄克宁, 梁秀兵, 等. 清洗速度对激光清洗钛合金积碳表面的形貌与组成的影响 [J]. 应用激光. 2017, 37(6): 859-864.

【15】Ruggiero A, Tricarico L, Olabi A G, et al. Weld-bead profile and costs optimisation of the CO2 dissimilar laser welding process of low carbon steel and austenitic steel AISI316 [J]. Optics & Laser Technology. 2011, 43(1): 82-90.

【16】Olabi A G, Alsinani F O, Alabdulkarim A A, et al. Optimizing the CO2 laser welding process for dissimilar materials [J]. Optics and Lasers in Engineering. 2013, 51(7): 832-839.

【17】Li L, Zhang S, He Q, et al. Application of response surface methodology in experiment design and optimization [J]. Research and Exploration in Laboratory. 2015, 34(8): 41-45.
李莉, 张赛, 何强, 等. 响应面法在试验设计与优化中的应用 [J]. 实验室研究与探索. 2015, 34(8): 41-45.

【18】Chu Z T, Yu Z S, Zhang P L, et al. Weld profile prediction and process parameters optimization of T-joints of laser full penetration welding via response surface methodology [J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers. 2015, 42(2): 0203006.
褚振涛, 于治水, 张培磊, 等. 基于响应面分析的T型接头激光深熔焊焊缝形貌预测及工艺参数优化 [J]. 中国激光. 2015, 42(2): 0203006.

引用该论文

Yang Jianian,Zhou Jianzhong,Sun Qi,Meng Xiankai,Zhu Ming,Guo Zhaoheng,Fu Qiang. Laser Paint Removal Process Parameter Optimization via Response Surface Methodology[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2019, 56(23): 231402

杨嘉年,周建忠,孙奇,孟宪凯,朱明,郭召恒,付强. 基于响应面分析的激光除漆工艺参数优化[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2019, 56(23): 231402

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF