首页 > 论文 > Chinese Optics Letters > 18卷 > 8期(p:082701)

High-quality quantum process tomography of time-bin qubit’s transmission over a metropolitan fiber network and its application

  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

Abstract

We employ quantum state and process tomography with time-bin qubits to benchmark a city-wide metropolitan quantum communication system. Over this network, we implement real-time feedback control systems for stabilizing the phase of the time-bin qubits and obtain a 99.3% quantum process fidelity to the ideal channel, indicating the high quality of the whole quantum communication system. This allows us to implement a field trial of high-performance quantum key distribution using coherent one way protocol with an average quantum bit error rate and visibility of 0.25% and 99.2% during 12 h over 61 km. Our results pave the way for the high-performance quantum network with metropolitan fibers.

中国激光微信矩阵
补充资料

DOI:10.3788/COL202018.082701

所属栏目:Quantum Optics and Quantum Information

基金项目:The authors thank H. Hu, M. Zhou, and S. Wu for providing access to the fiber link between the Nanjing University Gulou Campus to the Nanjing University Xianlin Campus, and J. Wan for providing laboratory space. This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Nos. 2017YFA0303704 and 2019YFA0308704), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11674170, 11690032, and 11804153), NSFC-BRICS (No. 61961146001), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20170010), the Leading-edge Technology Program of Jiangsu Natural Science Foundation (BK20192001), the program for Innovative Talents and Entrepreneur in Jiangsu, and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

收稿日期:2020-04-06

录用日期:2020-06-10

网络出版日期:2020-07-16

作者单位    点击查看

张佩瑜:National Laboratory of Solid-state Microstructures, School of Physics, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
陆亮亮:National Laboratory of Solid-state Microstructures, School of Physics, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
渠方超:National Laboratory of Solid-state Microstructures, School of Physics, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
蒋新贺:National Laboratory of Solid-state Microstructures, School of Physics, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
郑晓冬:National Laboratory of Solid-state Microstructures, School of Physics, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
陆延青:National Laboratory of Solid-state Microstructures, School of Physics, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
祝世宁:National Laboratory of Solid-state Microstructures, School of Physics, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
马小松:National Laboratory of Solid-state Microstructures, School of Physics, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China

联系人作者:马小松(xiaosong.ma@nju.edu.cn)

备注:The authors thank H. Hu, M. Zhou, and S. Wu for providing access to the fiber link between the Nanjing University Gulou Campus to the Nanjing University Xianlin Campus, and J. Wan for providing laboratory space. This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Nos. 2017YFA0303704 and 2019YFA0308704), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11674170, 11690032, and 11804153), NSFC-BRICS (No. 61961146001), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20170010), the Leading-edge Technology Program of Jiangsu Natural Science Foundation (BK20192001), the program for Innovative Talents and Entrepreneur in Jiangsu, and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

【1】H. J. KimbleH. J. Kimble. Nature. 453, (2008).

【2】S. Wehner, D. Elkouss and R. Hanson. Science. 362, (2018).

【3】S. Liao, W. Cai, W. Liu, L. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Ren, J. Yin, Q. Shen, Y. Cao, Z. Li, F. Li, X. Chen, L. Sun, J. Jia, J. Wu, X. Jiang, J. Wang, Y. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhou, L. Deng, T. Xi, L. Ma, T. Hu, Q. Zhang, Y. Chen, N. Liu, X. Wang, Z. Zhu, C. Lu, R. Shu, C. Peng, J. Wang and J. Pan. Nature. 549, (2017).

【4】J. QiuJ. Qiu. Nature. 508, (2014).

【5】D. Stucki, M. Legre, F. Buntschu, B. Clausen, N. Felber, N. Gisin, L. Henzen, P. Junod, G. Litzistorf, P. Monbaron, L. Monat, J. Page, D. Perroud, G. Ribordy, A. Rochas, S. Robyr, J. Tavares, R. Thew, P. Trinkler, S. Ventura, R. Voirol, N. Walenta and H. Zbinden. New J. Phys. 13, (2011).

【6】M. Sasaki, M. Fujiwara, H. Ishizuka, W. Klaus, K. Wakui, M. Takeoka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, A. Tanaka, K. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, A. Tajima, A. Tomita, T. Domeki, T. Hasegawa, Y. Sakai, H. Kobayashi, T. Asai, K. Shimizu, T. Tokura, T. Tsurumaru, M. Matsui, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, A. J. Shields, S. Uchikoga, M. Legré, S. Robyr, P. Trinkler, L. Monat, J. Page, G. Ribordy, A. Poppe, A. Allacher, O. Maurhart, T. L?nger, M. Peev and A. Zeilinger. Opt. Express. 19, (2011).

【7】M. Peev, C. Pacher, R. Alléaume, C. Barreiro, J. Bouda, W. Boxleitner, T. Debuisschert, E. Diamanti, M. Dianati, J. F. Dynes, S. Fasel, S. Fossier, M. Fürst, J. Gautier, O. Gay, N. Gisin, P. Grangier, A. Happe, Y. Hasani, M. Hentschel, H. Hübel, G. Humer, T. L?nger, M. Legré, R. Lieger, J. Lodewyck, T. Lorünser, N. Lütkenhaus, A. Marhold, T. Matyus, O. Maurhart, L. Monat, S. Nauerth, J. Page, A. Poppe, E. Querasser, G. Ribordy, S. Robyr, L. Salvail, A. W. Sharpe, A. J. Shields, D. Stucki, M. Suda, C. Tamas, T. Themel, R. T. Thew, Y. Thoma, A. Treiber, P. Trinkler, R. Tualle-Brouri, F. Vannel, N. Walenta, H. Weier, H. Weinfurter, I. Wimberger, Z. L. Yuan, H. Zbinden and A. Zeilinger. New J. Phys. 11, (2009).

【8】C. ElliottC. Elliott. New J. Phys. 4, (2002).

【9】Y. Mao, B. Wang, C. Zhao, G. Wang, R. Wang, H. Wang, F. Zhou, J. Nie, Q. Chen, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, J. Zhang, T. Chen and J. Pan. Opt. Express. 26, (2018).

【10】B. Fr?hlich, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, A. W. Sharpe, Z. Yuan and A. J. Shields. Nature. 501, (2013).

【11】W. Chen, Z. Han, T. Zhang, H. Wen, Z. Yin, F. Xu, Q. Wu, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, X. Mo, Y. Gui, G. Wei and G. Guo. IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, (2009).

【12】X. Wang, S. Li, X. Jiang, J. Hu, M. Xue, S. Xu and S. Pan. Chin. Opt. Lett. 17, (2019).

【13】M. A. Nielsen and I. L. Chuang. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. : Cambridge University, (2010).

【14】F. Bouchard, F. Hufnagel, D. Koutny, A. Abbas, A. Sit, K. Heshami, R. Fickler and E. Karimi. Quantum. 3, (2019).

【15】B. Ndagano, B. Perez-Garcia, F. S. Roux, M. McLaren, C. Rosales-Guzman, Y. Zhang, O. Mouane, R. I. Hernandez-Aranda, T. Konrad and A. Forbes. Nat. Phys. 13, (2017).

【16】N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel and H. Zbinden. Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, (2002).

【17】R. Valivarthi, M. L. G. Puigibert, Q. Zhou, G. H. Aguilar, V. B. Verma, F. Marsili, M. D. Shaw, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak and W. Tittel. Nat. Photon. 10, (2016).

【18】Q. Sun, Y. Mao, S. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, X. Jiang, T. Chen, L. You, X. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Fan, Q. Zhang and J. Pan. Nat. Photon. 10, (2016).

【19】A. Boaron, G. Boso, D. Rusca, C. Vulliez, C. Autebert, M. Caloz, M. Perrenoud, G. Gras, F. Bussières, M. Li, D. Nolan, A. Martin and H. Zbinden. Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, (2018).

【20】D. Stucki, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, V. Scarani and H. Zbinden. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, (2005).

【21】X. Song, H. Li, C. Zhang, D. Wang, S. Wang, Z. Yin, W. Chen and Z. Han. Chin. Opt. Lett. 13, (2015).

【22】W. Liang, S. Wang, H. Li, Z. Yin, W. Chen, Y. Yao, J. Huang, G. Guo and Z. Han. Sci. Rep. 4, (2014).

【23】H. Takesue and Y. Noguchi. Opt. Express. 17, (2009).

【24】D. Bru?D. Bru?. Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, (1998).

【25】D. Rusca, A. Boaron, F. Grünefelder, A. Martin and H. Zbinden. Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, (2018).

【26】D. Bacco, I. Vagniluca, B. Da Lio, N. Biagi, A. Della Frera, D. Calonico, C. Toninelli, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Bellini, L. K. Oxenl?we and A. Zavatta. EPJ Quantum Technol. 6, (2019).

【27】D. Bacco, B. Da Lio, D. Cozzolino, F. Da Ros, X. Guo, Y. Ding, Y. Sasaki, K. Aikawa, S. Miki, H. Terai, T. Yamashita, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Galili, K. Rottwitt, U. L. Andersen, T. Morioka and L. K. Oxenl?we. Commun. Phys. 2, (2019).

【28】C. Branciard, N. Gisin and V. Scarani. New J. Phys. 10, (2008).

【29】X. Tang, A. Wonfor, R. Kumar, R. V. Penty and I. H. White. J. Lightwave Technol. 36, (2018).

【30】P. Sibson, C. Erven, M. Godfrey, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, H. Terai, M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, R. H. Hadfield, J. L. O’Brien and M. G. Thompson. Nat. Commun. 8, (2017).

【31】B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew and H. Zbinden. Nat. Photon. 9, (2015).

【32】D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. Towery and S. Ten. New J. Phys. 11, (2009).

【33】D. Stucki, C. Barreiro, S. Fasel, J. Gautier, O. Gay, N. Gisin, R. Thew, Y. Thoma, P. Trinkler, F. Vannel and H. Zbinden. Opt. Express. 17, (2009).

【34】G. L. Roberts, M. Lucamarini, J. F. Dynes, S. J. Savory, Z. Yuan and A. J. Shields. Laser Photon. Rev. 11, (2017).

【35】A. V. Gleim, V. I. Egorov, Y. V. Nazarov, S. V. Smirnov, V. V. Chistyakov, O. I. Bannik, A. A. Anisimov, S. M. Kynev, A. E. Ivanova, R. J. Collins, S. A. Kozlov and G. S. Buller. Opt. Express. 24, (2016).

【36】B. Korzh, N. Walenta, R. Houlmann and H. Zbinden. Opt. Express. 21, (2013).

【37】Z. Yin, Z. Han, W. Chen, F. Xu, Q. Wu and G. Guo. Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, (2008).

引用该论文

Peiyu Zhang, Liangliang Lu, Fangchao Qu, Xinhe Jiang, Xiaodong Zheng, Yanqing Lu, Shining Zhu, Xiao-Song Ma, "High-quality quantum process tomography of time-bin qubit’s transmission over a metropolitan fiber network and its application," Chinese Optics Letters 18(8), 082701 (2020)

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF