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基于二维层状材料的激光器 (特邀综述)

Lasers Based on Two-Dimensional Layered Materials (Invited)

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Two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) have unique advantages and can be used as gain materials for laser emission. The strong Coulomb interaction and weak dielectric screening effect of TMDC materials induce a large exciton binding energy to achieve stable exciton emission at room temperature. Moreover, TMDC can extensively increase the capability of light confinement owing to its high refractive index of up to 6--7. The atomic layer surface of TMDC materials has no dangling bonds, so they can avoid lattice mismatch when connected with silicon-based semiconductor devices. These unique properties render TMDC as potential gain materials that can be coupled with silicon-based microcavities to form laser devices. Furthermore, their atomic thickness and near-infrared spectral radiation ensure promising interconnection with integrated devices. This study summarizes the research progress of lasers based on TMDCs in recent years with the classification of optical microcavities and laser principles. Moreover, current challenges and their future application prospects are also discussed.

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王琪:山东师范大学物理与电子科学学院, 山东 济南 250358国家纳米科学中心, 中国科学院纳米科学卓越创新中心, 中国科学院纳米标准与检测重点实验室, 北京 100190
钟阳光:国家纳米科学中心, 中国科学院纳米科学卓越创新中心, 中国科学院纳米标准与检测重点实验室, 北京 100190
赵丽云:北京大学工学院材料科学与工程系, 北京 100871
史建伟:国家纳米科学中心, 中国科学院纳米科学卓越创新中心, 中国科学院纳米标准与检测重点实验室, 北京 100190
张帅:国家纳米科学中心, 中国科学院纳米科学卓越创新中心, 中国科学院纳米标准与检测重点实验室, 北京 100190
王公堂:山东师范大学物理与电子科学学院, 山东 济南 250358
张青:北京大学工学院材料科学与工程系, 北京 100871北京大学宽禁带半导体研究中心, 北京 100871
刘新风:国家纳米科学中心, 中国科学院纳米科学卓越创新中心, 中国科学院纳米标准与检测重点实验室, 北京 100190中国科学院大学, 北京 100049

联系人作者:王公堂(wanggt@sdnu.edu.cn); 张青(q_zhang@pku.edu.cn); 刘新风(liuxf@nanoctr.cn);


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Wang Qi,Zhong Yangguang,Zhao Liyun,Shi Jianwei,Zhang Shuai,Wang Gongtang,Zhang Qing,Liu Xinfeng. Lasers Based on Two-Dimensional Layered Materials[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2020, 47(7): 0701008

王琪,钟阳光,赵丽云,史建伟,张帅,王公堂,张青,刘新风. 基于二维层状材料的激光器[J]. 中国激光, 2020, 47(7): 0701008

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