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Influence of mixed organic cations on the nonlinear optical properties of lead tri-iodide perovskites

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Abstract

Metal halide perovskite materials have been widely studied recently due to their excellent optoelectronic properties. Among these materials, organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites have attracted much attention because of their relatively soft framework, which makes them more suitable for nonlinear optical (NLO) applications. However, there is rare physical mechanism study on the coexistence of two-photon absorption (TPA) and saturable absorption (SA) in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite materials. To clarify this issue, the NLO properties of mixed cation perovskite MA1?xFAxPbI3 [MA=CH3NH3,FA=CH(NH2)2, x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8] thin films are investigated in this paper. Based on the nonlinear transmittance and femtosecond-transient absorption spectrum measurements, it is found that the MA1?xFAxPbI3 materials exhibit NLO behavior dependent on excitation intensity. The TPA coefficient of MA1?xFAxPbI3 decreases with the increase of formamidinium (FA) content, while the relevant saturable intensity increases. In addition, it is revealed that the linear absorption process from valence band 2 to valance band 1 still exists even under a very low excitation intensity. With the increase of excitation intensity, the light transmittance at 1300 nm decreases first and then increases sharply, which also supports the explanation for the coexistence of TPA and SA. It is expected that our findings will promote the application of perovskite materials in nonlinear optoelectronic devices.

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DOI:10.1364/PRJ.398975

所属栏目:Research Articles

基金项目:National Natural Science Foundation of China10.13039/501100001809; Universidade de Macau10.13039/501100004733; The Science and Technology Development Fund; Science, Technology and Innovation Commission of Shenzhen Municipality10.13039/501100010877;

收稿日期:2020-06-01

录用日期:2020-07-01

网络出版日期:2020-07-07

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Xuanyu Zhang:Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
Shuyu Xiao:College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
Ruxue Li:Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
Tingchao He:College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China;e-mail: tche@szu.edu.cn
Guichuan Xing:Joint Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education, Institute of Applied Physics and Materials Engineering, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau 999078, China;e-mail: gcxing@um.edu.mo
Rui Chen:Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China;Key Laboratory of Energy Conversion and Storage Technologies (Southern University of Science and Technology), Ministry of Education, Shenzhen 518055, China;e-mail: chenr@sustech.edu.cn

联系人作者:Tingchao He(tche@szu.edu.cn); Guichuan Xing(gcxing@um.edu.mo); Rui (chenr@sustech.edu.cn);

备注:National Natural Science Foundation of China10.13039/501100001809; Universidade de Macau10.13039/501100004733; The Science and Technology Development Fund; Science, Technology and Innovation Commission of Shenzhen Municipality10.13039/501100010877;

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引用该论文

Xuanyu Zhang, Shuyu Xiao, Ruxue Li, Tingchao He, Guichuan Xing, and Rui Chen, "Influence of mixed organic cations on the nonlinear optical properties of lead tri-iodide perovskites," Photonics Research 8(9), A25 (2020)

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