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摘要
A Raman lidar has been developed with photon counting technique. Aerosol and cloud extinction coefficients are derived by nitrogen (N2) molecular Raman scatter returns in the troposphere. Both backscatter coefficients and extinction-backscatter-ratios of aerosol and cloud are presented by simultaneously combining N2 Raman and Mie-Rayleigh returns of aerosol and molecule. Ratios of extinction to backscatter between 20 sr and 70 sr are usually found for aerosol, but less than 15 sr for mid-high altitude cloud in the troposphere.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.73
摘要
An applied range of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) is extended under igniting by laser, but there is no study in detail on its ignition process. The ignition time of SHS by laser is studied in detail in this paper for searching igniting law. A laser beam produced by CO2 laser scans back and forth along a straight line on the surface of a sample, and an ignition time is measured under different testing conditions. The results show that the ignition time is the shortest at certain mixing time, the ignition time is longer with decreasing of the density and increasing of the sample density, and the ignition time becomes shorter when pre-heat temperature rises, but the ignition time has no relation with the area and the thickness of samples when the thickness is thicker, and it has no close relation with shield gas of N2.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.66
Optical Communications
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摘要
Tunable wavelength routers (TWRs) for multiple wavelength selection are key devices in dynamic wavelength-routing wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) networks. In this paper, by cascading conventional 2×2 TWRs, a new 1×K TWR is proposed for large-scale dynamic wavelength-routing WDM networks. When the cascading numbers are smaller, the 1×K TWR can be directly applied to networking WDM networks. When the cascading numbers are larger, the 1×K TWR can be carried out by the integrating method and be extensively used to networking various multi-wavelength optical networks by the way of “EDFA+TWR”. Though the cascading method proposed is based on the acousto-optic TWRs, it can be also applied to cascading other kinds of TWRs.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.61
Optical Communications
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摘要
A channel-switching optical add/drop multiplexer with tunable fiber Bragg grating tuned by equivalent-intensity cantilever beam is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The no-chirped linearly tuning range is about 6.1 nm, which enables it to add or drop 8 channels with channel spacing 100 GHz. It is used in a 4-channel WDM system to test its capability. The adjacent channel isolation is not less than 24 dB. 4-channel lasers modulated by 1.2 Gb/s Non-Return-to-Zero format (NRZ), Return-to-Zero format (RZ) and 2.5 GHz analogue signals are dropped by the device after transmission over 100 km and the results are given.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.57
Optical Communications
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摘要
A new coupled-mode formulation is developed for grating-assisted parallel optical fiber cores. The theory is derived from the scalar wave equation by perturbation method. The diffraction caused by grating and coupler in the grating region are both considered. Based on the theory, various experimental phenomena in grating-assisted parallel optical fiber cores can be simulated accurately.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.51
Measurement Techniques
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摘要
In this article a new receiving mode for scattering light by particle is theoretically discussed. Using this receiving mode the convex lens can be omitted during determining the extinction of particle. Therefore the extinction coefficient of sphere particles is redefined by extrapolating the conventional one. In terms of the calculation results of light scattering the definition of near-field extinction coefficient of a swarm particle is depicted. Through the error analysis it is proved that the error coming from the new definition of extinction coefficient is acceptable for engineering application. In addition, a technique for determining the particle size and density is presented in this article and the advantage using this receiving mode is described.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.45
摘要
X-ray diffraction and reflectivity as well as transmittance on Ge-As-S bulk and thin films were performed. It was observed photodarkening in Ge-As-S thin films with band gap light illumination from an argon laser of 514.5 nm wavelength and shifting the optical transmittance edge to shorter wavelength, the magnitude of which increases with the increase of the intensity of illumination light. In the Ge-As-S bulk, however, it was not observed photodarkening. Photodarkening in Ge-As-S system was discussed.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.39
摘要
This paper analyzes the high bit-rate optical pulse trasmission in single mode optical fiber with chromatic dispersion, polarization mode dispersion (small random birefringence) and nonlinearity. Numerical method employed can precisely describe their interactive effect on transmission performance. Different dispersion maps and the related performance are analysed. Various simulation results and discussion are given. The results show that chromatic dispersion compensation should be carefully designed. Appropriate dispersion management can also alleviate the effect of polarization mode dispersion.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.34
Holography and Information Processing
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摘要
Based on one-center model, the effects of the doping amount and the degrees of reduction and oxidation on the dynamic range M, the response time and the photorefractive sensitivity in the crystal LiNbO3:Fe are analyzed in detail. The principle of material optimization is discussed. The best crystal thickness (about 1.4~2.6 mm) for the maximum dynamic range M is calculated for the different doping amounts. The results show that the more the doping amount, the lighter the reduction of the crystal should be chosen, and that the heavier the reduction of the crystal, the less effect the doping amount has on the response time. The dynamic range M is in conflict with the response time. Due to the difficulty of processing crystals, the thickness is increased to 5 mm at the cost of decreasing the dynamic range M by 0.3~0.5.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.27
摘要
In this paper, propagation and polarization characteristics of optical waves in arbitrary directions in a biaxial crystal are analyzed, and universal relationships of refractive index dependence on their propagation directions and the principal refractive indices for two perpendicular polarization waves propagating in arbitrarily directions are derived from indicatrix equation. By using these relationships, methods of collinear phase matching (PM) of SHG are developed, and general expressions of the collinear PM angle dependent of the principal indices are given for SHG in arbitrarily directions. The expressions may be used to make optimization design of PM by computer for the SHG and to select optimum PM direction and to raise the SHG conversion efficiencies.
Chinese Journal of Lasers B
2002年第11卷第1期 pp.23
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