In-fiber photoelectric device based on graphene-coated tilted fiber grating
Graphene and related two-dimensional materials have attracted great research interests due to prominently optical and electrical properties and flexibility in integration with versatile photonic structures. Here, we report an in-fiber photoelectric device by wrapping a few-layer graphene and bonding a pair of electrodes onto a tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) for photoelectric and electric-induced thermo-optic conversions. The transmitted spectrum from this device consists of a dense comb of narrowband resonances that provides an observable window to sense the photocurrent and the electrical injection in the graphene layer. The device has a wavelength-sensitive photoresponse with responsivity up to 11.4 A/W, allowing the spectrum analysis by real-time monitoring of photocurrent evolution. Based on the thermal-optic effect of electrical injection, the graphene layer is energized to produce a global red-shift of the transmission spectrum of the TFBG, with a high sensitivity approaching 2.167×104 nm/A2. The in-fiber photoelectric device, therefore as a powerful tool, could be widely available as off-the-shelf product for photodetection, spectrometer and current sensor.
Biqiang Jiang, Yueguo Hou, Jiexing Wu, Yuxin Ma, Xuetao Gan, Jianlin Zhao. In-fiber photoelectric device based on graphene-coated tilted fiber grating[J]. Opto-Electronic Science, 2023, 2(6): 230012.