Opto-Electronic Science, 2023, 2 (5): 230005, Published Online: Sep. 21, 2023  

31.38 Gb/s GaN-based LED array visible light communication system enhanced with V-pit and sidewall quantum well structure

Author Affiliations
Abstract
Although the 5G wireless network has made significant advances, it is not enough to accommodate the rapidly rising requirement for broader bandwidth in post-5G and 6G eras. As a result, emerging technologies in higher frequencies including visible light communication (VLC), are becoming a hot topic. In particular, LED-based VLC is foreseen as a key enabler for achieving data rates at the Tb/s level in indoor scenarios using multi-color LED arrays with wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) technology. This paper proposes an optimized multi-color LED array chip for high-speed VLC systems. Its long-wavelength GaN-based LED units are remarkably enhanced by V-pit structure in their efficiency, especially in the “yellow gap” region, and it achieves significant improvement in data rate compared with earlier research. This work investigates the V-pit structure and tries to provide insight by introducing a new equivalent circuit model, which provides an explanation of the simulation and experiment results. In the final test using a laboratory communication system, the data rates of eight channels from short to long wavelength are 3.91 Gb/s, 3.77 Gb/s, 3.67 Gb/s, 4.40 Gb/s, 3.78 Gb/s, 3.18 Gb/s, 4.31 Gb/s, and 4.35 Gb/s (31.38 Gb/s in total), with advanced digital signal processing (DSP) techniques including digital equalization technique and bit-power loading discrete multitone (DMT) modulation format.

Zengyi Xu, Wenqing Niu, Yu Liu, Xianhao Lin, Jifan Cai, Jianyang Shi, Xiaolan Wang, Guangxu Wang, Jianli Zhang, Fengyi Jiang, Zhixue He, Shaohua Yu, Chao Shen, Junwen Zhang, Nan Chi. 31.38 Gb/s GaN-based LED array visible light communication system enhanced with V-pit and sidewall quantum well structure[J]. Opto-Electronic Science, 2023, 2(5): 230005.

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