Integrated optomechanical crystal (OMC) cavities provide a vital device prototype for highly efficient microwave to optical conversion in quantum information processing. In this work, we propose a novel heterogeneous OMC cavity consisting of a thin-film lithium niobate (TFLN) slab and chalcogenide (ChG) photonic crystal nanobeam coupled by a wavelength-scale mechanical waveguide. The optomechanical coupling rate of the heterogeneous OMC cavity is optimized up to 340 kHz at 1.1197 GHz. Combined with phononic band and power decomposition, 17.38% energy from the loaded RF power is converted into dominant fundamental horizontal shear mode (SH0) in the narrow LN mechanical waveguide. Based on this fraction, as a result, 3.51% power relative to the loaded RF energy is scattered into the fundamental longitudinal mode (L0) facing the TFLN-ChG heterogeneous waveguide. The acoustic breathing mode of the heterogeneous OMC is successfully excited under the driving of the propagating L0 mode in the heterogeneous waveguide, demonstrating the great potentials of the heterogeneous piezo-optomechanical transducer in high-performance photon–phonon interaction fields.
2023, 11(9): 1509
Mode-division multiplexing (MDM) can greatly improve the capacity of information transmission. The multimode waveguide bend (MWB) with small size and high performance is of great significance for the on-chip MDM integrated system. In this paper, an MWB with high performance based on double free-form curves (DFFCs) is proposed and realized. The DFFC is a combination of a series of arcs optimized by the inverse design method. The fabrication of this MWB only needs one-step lithography and plasma etching and has a large fabrication tolerance. MWBs with effective radii of 6 μm and 10 μm are designed to support three modes and four modes, respectively. The proposed method gives the best overall performance considering both the effective bending radius and the transmission efficiency. The fabricated MWB with four mode channels has low excess losses and crosstalks below in the wavelength range from 1520 to 1580 nm. It is expected that this design can play an important role in promoting the dense integration of multimode transmission systems.
2022, 10(6): 06001484
Laplace operation, the isotropic second-order differentiation, on spatial functions is an essential mathematical calculation in most physical equations and signal processing. Realizing the Laplace operation in a manner of optical analog computing has recently attracted attention, but a compact device with a high spatial resolution is still elusive. Here, we introduce a Laplace metasurface that can perform the Laplace operation for incident light-field patterns. By exciting the quasi-bound state in the continuum, an optical transfer function for nearly perfect isotropic second-order differentiation has been obtained with a spatial resolution of wavelength scale. Such a Laplace metasurface has been numerically validated with both 1D and 2D spatial functions, and the results agree well with that of the ideal Laplace operation. In addition, the edge detection of a concerned object in an image has been demonstrated with the Laplace metasurface. Our results pave the way to the applications of metasurfaces in optical analog computing and image processing.
2021, 9(9): 09001758
Fast and sensitive air-coupled ultrasound detection is essential for many applications such as radar, ultrasound imaging, and defect detection. Here we present a novel approach based on a digital optical frequency comb (DOFC) technique combined with high- optical microbubble resonators (MBRs). DOFC enables precise spectroscopy on resonators that can trace the ultrasound pressure with its resonant frequency shift with femtometer resolution and sub-microsecond response time. The noise equivalent pressure of air-coupled ultrasound as low as is achieved by combining a high- () MBR with the DOFC method. Moreover, it can observe multi-resonance peaks from multiple MBRs to directly monitor the precise spatial location of the ultrasonic source. This approach has a potential to be applied in 3D air-coupled photoacoustic and ultrasonic imaging.
2020, 8(3): 03000303
合成孔径激光雷达(SAL)具有成像距离远、分辨率高、速度快等特点,在天基空间目标成像领域有重要的应用前景。针对天基SAL成像中回波信号弱、噪声大、成像质量差等问题,提出在交会点附近连续长时间观测的思路。基于简单假设,建立采用光学外差探测的天基SAL成像理论数学模型,获得回波数据方程,给出成像处理流程、成像分辨率和图像信噪比,数学仿真了不同信噪比下的天基SAL空间目标成像。理论分析和仿真成像结果表明:当回波数据信噪比高时,任何子段数据均可形成空间目标的高分辨率图像;当回波信号微弱、数据信噪比低时,采用连续长时间观测数据形成目标子图像,将所有子图像进行叠加,提升了目标图像信噪比,改善了成像质量。遥感 雷达图像 天基合成孔径激光雷达 信噪比 图像叠加 remote sensing radar images space-borne synthetic aperture ladar signal-to-noise ratio combining images
为了探索大随机相位误差条件下合成孔径雷达(SAL)成像特点和规律, 本文采用波长为1 550 nm 的线性调频激光器建立了能够产生大的共模随机相位误差的条带模式SAL成像实验装置。利用此装置获得了不同目标回波强度下条带模式SAL成像实验数据, 结合条带模式相位梯度自聚焦(PGA)多次迭代处理, 获得了高分辨率SAL图像。实验发现在［-645π,645π］范围的大随机相位误差下, 通过简单的距离压缩和方位匹配滤波, 无法实现SAL图像聚焦, 图像信噪比仅为3 dB。进一步采用PGA处理, 就能很好地校正相位误差, 得到聚焦良好的SAL图像, 图像信噪比达到43 dB。实验还发现, 当存在大共模随机相位误差时, PGA处理展现出非常强的鲁棒性, 在回波弱到10-15 W的情况下依然有效。在大相位误差存在的SAL系统(如机载SAL)中, PGA处理能有效消除相位误差, 实现图像聚焦; 另外, 增大探测激光功率以提高成像数据信噪比, 将有助于提升PGA处理效果。合成孔径激光雷达 条带模式 随机相位误差 相位梯度自聚焦 synthetic aperture ladar(SAL) stripmap mode random phase error phase gradient autofocus(PGA)
为了降低激光多普勒测振仪在测声过程中给语音信号中引入的噪声, 采用深度循环神经网络语音信号去噪的方法, 对从激光多普勒测声系统采集回来的语音信号做降噪处理, 并进行了理论分析和实验验证。结果表明, 利用层数为1层~3层、每层神经元个数为1024的深度循环神经网络, 对-6dB~6dB信噪比的语音信号进行处理, 随着层数的增加, 语音信号的质量在多项评价指标上达到8dB~12dB的提升; 深度循环神经网络可以有效对激光多普勒测声系统采集的语音信号进行降噪处理。该研究对提升语音信号的质量有着实际意义。激光技术 激光多普勒测振仪 语音信号去噪 深度循环神经网络 laser technique laser Doppler vibrometer speech signal denoising deep recurrent neural network
利用1 550 nm波长的可调谐光纤激光器, 建立了DSAL(Differential synthetic aperture ladar)高分辨率成像演示实验装置。在1.85 m的目标距离上, 开展了合作目标的DSAL成像实验。利用基本的DSAL成像理论, 重构了目标回波的相位史数据, 实现了高分辨率合成孔径成像。详细给出了不同方位运动条件下获得的DSAL图像。实验结果表明: 利用经过DSAL技术重建后的目标回波相位史数据, 能够形成聚焦良好的高分辨率DSAL图像。这显示了DSAL技术对共模相位误差的稳健消除能力。此外, 不同方位运动条件下的DSAL成像结果表明, 在超过规定方位运动速度30%的范围内, 均可观察到良好聚焦或至少可接受的DSAL图像, 表明DSAL系统对方位运动速度变化有一定范围的适应能力。差分合成孔径激光雷达 相位史数据 成像 方位运动速度 differential synthetic aperture ladar phase history data imaging azimuth speed
2018, 47(12): 1230003