Author Affiliations
Abstract
College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
Nonlinear compression has become an obligatory technique along with the development of ultrafast lasers in generating ultrashort pulses with narrow pulse widths and high peak power. In particular, techniques of nonlinear compression have experienced a rapid progress as ytterbium (Yb)-doped lasers with pulse widths in the range from hundreds of femtoseconds to a few picoseconds have become mainstream laser tools for both scientific and industrial applications. Here, we report a simple and stable nonlinear pulse compression technique with high efficiency through cascaded filamentation in air followed by dispersion compensation. Pulses at a center wavelength of 1040 nm with millijoule pulse energy and 160 fs pulse width from a high-power Yb:CaAlGdO4 regenerative amplifier are compressed to 32 fs, with only 2.4% loss from the filamentation process. The compressed pulse has a stable output power with a root-mean-square variation of 0.2% over 1 hour.
femtosecond pulse filamentation nonlinear compression 
High Power Laser Science and Engineering
2023, 11(6): 06000e84
Author Affiliations
Abstract
1 College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, China.
2 Key Laboratory of High Energy Density Physics and Technology (MoE), College of Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China.
3 College of Physics, Key Laboratory of High Energy Density Physics and Technology of the Ministry of Education, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, China.
Mid-infrared (MIR) ultra-short pulses with multiple spectral-band coverage and good freedom in spectral and temporal shaping are desired by broad applications such as steering strong-field ionization, investigating bound-electron dynamics, and minimally invasive tissue ablation. However, the existing methods of light transient generation lack freedom in spectral tuning and require sophisticated apparatus for complicated phase and noise control. Here, with both numerical analysis and experimental demonstration, we report the first attempt, to the best our knowledge, at generating MIR pulses with dual-wavelength spectral shaping and exceptional freedom of tunability in both the lasing wavelength and relative spectral amplitudes, based on a relatively simple and compact apparatus compared to traditional pulse synthesizers. The proof-of-concept demonstration in steering the high-harmonic generation in a polycrystalline ZnSe plate is facilitated by dual-wavelength MIR pulses shaped in both spectral and temporal domains, spanning from 5.6 to 11.4 μm, with multi-microjoule pulse energy and hundred- milliwatt average power. Multisets of harmonics corresponding to different fundamental wavelengths are simultaneously generated in the deep ultraviolet region, and both the relative strength of individual harmonics sets and the spectral shapes of harmonics are harnessed with remarkable freedom and flexibility. This work would open new possibilities in exploring femtosecond control of electron dynamics and light–matter interaction in composite molecular systems.
Ultrafast Science
2023, 3(1): 0022
作者单位
摘要
四川大学 电子信息学院,成都 610065
中红外激光具有多种优势,可以广泛地用到生物、化学、物理等科学研究领域。通常采用直接激射和非线性频率转换这两种方式产生中红外激光,然而,为了实现中红外宽带超短脉冲的发射,非线性频率下转换是现今的唯一方法。脉冲内差频(IP-DFG)是一种简单的非线性频率转换方法,文中对红外IP-DFG的工作做了详细的回顾,从中红外激光晶体和基于IP-DFG产生具有超宽带的中红外超短脉冲的先进工作两个方面做了综述和评论,分别比较了非线性晶体类型、驱动脉冲源、产生超宽带中红外脉冲的光谱范围、转化效率等,并在最后讨论和阐明了IP-DFG领域面临的机遇和挑战。
中红外激光 非线性频率转换 脉冲内差频 非线性晶体类型 驱动脉冲源 mid-infrared laser nonlinear frequency conversion intra-pulse difference frequency generation types of nonlinear crystal the driving pulse 
强激光与粒子束
2021, 33(11): 111004
作者单位
摘要
四川大学 电子信息学院,四川 成都 610065
近十年来,超强超短脉冲是激光光学发展的一个重要趋势。尤其是在中红外(MIR)波段,由于中红外波长具有更大的有质动力并且其光谱范围几乎包含了所有分子“指纹”共振峰,这使得中红外激光的研究在强场物理、中红外光谱学、材料加工以及生物医学研究等领域中至关重要。目前已经有许多比较成熟的激光技术可以对脉冲进行整形、放大,例如差频(DFG)、啁啾脉冲放大(CPA)、光学参量放大技术(OPA)以及光学参量啁啾脉冲放大(OPCPA)等。利用OPCPA技术具有的高放大增益、高信噪比、宽增益带宽的优点在高非线性系数的非线性晶体中进行脉冲放大已经成为当前获取超强超短中红外脉冲的主要手段之一。文中总结了利用OPCPA技术在2~20 μm波长范围内产生和放大MIR少周期脉冲的研究进展,并对其在强场物理、分子频谱探测以及生物医学方面的应用进行了简要的阐述。
中红外脉冲 超短脉冲 光学参量啁啾脉冲放大 mid-infrared pulse ultrashort pulse optical parametric chirped pulse amplification 
红外与激光工程
2021, 50(8): 20210396

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