An all-fiber Mamyshev oscillator with a single amplification arm is experimentally demonstrated to achieve high-energy and high-average-power ultrafast pulse output, with the initiating of an external seed pulse. In the high-energy operation, a maximum single-pulse energy of 153 nJ is achieved at a repetition rate of 9.77 MHz. After compression with a pair of diffraction gratings, a measured pulse width of 73 fs with a record energy of 122.1 nJ and a peak power of 1.7 MW is obtained. In the high-average-power operation, up to 5th harmonic mode locking of the oscillator is realized via slightly adjusting the output coupling ratio and the cavity length. The achieved maximum output power is 3.4 W at a repetition rate of 44.08 MHz, while the corresponding pulse width is compressed to around ~100 fs. Meanwhile, the system is verified to be operated reliability in both high-energy and -average-power operation regimes through assessing its short- and long-term stabilities. To the best of our knowledge, these are the highest records in pulse energy and average power delivered from a single all-fiber ultrafast laser oscillator with picosecond/femtosecond pulse duration. It is believed that even higher-energy and -average-power ultrafast laser can be realized with the proposed laser scheme through further increasing the core diameter of the all-fiber cavity, providing promising sources for advanced fabrication, biomedical imaging, laser micromachining, and other practical applications, as well as an unprecedented platform for exploring undiscovered nonlinear dynamics.
2023, 3(1): 0016
2023, 50(22): 2215001
A high-power all polarization-maintaining (PM) chirped pulse amplification (CPA) system operating in the 2.0 μm range is experimentally demonstrated. Large mode area (LMA) thulium-doped fiber (TDF) with a core/cladding diameter of 25/400 μm is employed to construct the main amplifier. Through dedicated coiling and cooling of the LMA-TDF to manage the loss of the higher order mode and thermal effect, a maximum average power of 314 W with a slope efficiency of 52% and polarization extinction ratio of 20 dB is realized. The pulse duration is compressed to 283 fs with a grating pair, corresponding to a calculated peak power of 10.8 MW, considering the compression efficiency of 88% and the estimated Strehl ratio of 89%. Moreover, through characterizing the noise properties of the laser, an integrated relative intensity noise of 0.11% at 100 Hz-1 MHz is obtained at the maximum output power, whereas the laser timing jitter is degraded by the final amplifier from 318 to 410 fs at an integration frequency of 5 kHz to 1 MHz, owing to the self-phase modulation effect-induced spectrum broadening. The root-mean-square of long-term power fluctuation is tested to be 0.6%, verifying the good stability of the laser operation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest average power of an ultrafast laser realized from an all-PM-fiber TDF-CPA system ever reported.chirped pulse amplification high average power thulium-doped fiber laser ultrafast laser
High Power Laser Science and Engineering
2023, 11(6): 06000e73
2023, 43(17): 1714009
2023, 43(17): 1700001